Rabbit is a gray giant. Breeds of rabbits: description and photo
It has long been known that "rabbits are not onlyvaluable fur, but also 3-5 kilograms of dietary meat. " Perhaps this is all that most people know about rabbits. Although it is worthwhile to learn more about these useful farm animals. For example, there is a breed of rabbits gray giant.
History of the breed
The first rabbits of the final versionbreeding breed was obtained in the animal farm "Petrovsky" Poltava region. Long work on breeding in 1952 was completed. Work was conducted with rabbits of the Flandra breed and mongrel local rabbits. In the process of work, culling was carried out, which did not have the desired characteristics. Only those animals were left for breeding, which could give the next generation the necessary signs of the breed. Large mass and size were transferred from flanders. Good adaptability and high fertility - from mongrel animals.
The gray giant breed is distinguished by largedimensions. The weight of an adult animal is 4-7 kg, but still more often there are individuals of 5-6 kilograms. The body of a rabbit is about 56-66 cm long. In principle, it is a medium-sized animal with a massive skeleton. Rabbit has a large head, large ears, large legs. Legs in rabbits of this breed are long and straight. The chest can be up to 40 cm in diameter.
Rabbit gray giant is not too thick, butstrong enough and warm wool. The quality of the undercoat is lower than that of animals bred for their fur (such breeds of domestic rabbits as the Soviet chinchilla, black-brown or Viennese blue).
Within the breed of these rabbits there are severalcolors. The most common is a dark gray color. But there is a gray-hare and glandular-gray coloring. In addition, despite the name, rabbits of this breed can have white or black colors. In a situation where the rabbit's standard color has cubs of other shades, do not pay attention to it. Characteristics of the breed in these animals will be fully present.
In rabbits that have a gray-hare color, the paws on the inside and the abdomen will be completely white, and the axial hairs have a non-uniform color.
Like other rabbits of meat breeds, dataanimals need fresh food. A very big role in the correct growing of animals is played by fresh grass and vegetables. For proper digestion, avoid overfeeding animals with herbs such as alfalfa or field clover. In young animals, the abundance of such food causes bloating. To avoid such problems, these herbs must be dried before feeding. To do this, let the grass lie in the shade for two days.
Rabbits will be very happy with fresh vegetables, such ascarrots, cabbage, zucchini, pumpkin, squash, radish. They are good at eating corn and peas, but these crops should be given in very limited quantities, as they can damage digestion.
Separately, it should be noted that feeding these (as well asall other) rabbits wet grass is strictly prohibited. During the rain, the grass should be dried. If this is not possible, it is better to give hay than to feed it with moist grass. Of course, to give spoiled, rotten food to animals can not in any case.
In addition to grass and fresh vegetables, rabbits are fed and grain. Animals love this food, they eat it well, but here it is not necessary to make concessions to them and feed them with grain round days.
Whatever rabbits are fed, they need a cleanwater for drinking. It is better not to put the liquid in open access, but to equip the housing of animals with special drinkers. Then the water will remain clean, and the health of the rabbits will not suffer.
The breed is a gray giant (like the rest of rabbits)- rodents, they constantly grow incisors. To give animals the opportunity to properly grind their teeth, it is necessary to ensure that they always have branches of plants in the enclosure. If animals are grown in wooden cages, they will gnaw the cages - this is the nature of rabbits.
Breed of rabbits the gray giant perfectly feelsthemselves in different climatic conditions. Animals adapt easily to both the mild climate of the south and to the severe winter conditions in the north. To keep rabbits in the north, there is no need to create special conditions. There is no need to insulate the cells. For winter, a warm wooden dwelling is perfect.
Rabbit gray giant - quite a friendly and friendly animal, so they can be kept not in single cells, but in enclosures in whole groups.
The basic conditions of healthy keeping of rabbits -purity. Clean the cage of litter regularly. At least twice a year, it must be disinfected with bleach, hydrated lime or a blowtorch. It is especially important to monitor the cleanliness when the rabbit is preparing for the birth of babies. Before settling a new animal, it is also worthwhile to disinfect.
Rabbit gray giant perfectly get along not only in the cage, but also in sheds, and in a city apartment. Zverek is well tamed, so he can become an excellent pet for any family.
The content of rabbits in cells
A cell for outdoor maintenance should not beless than 40 cm in height, 60 cm in length, 36 cm in width. The roof must be opened for easy maintenance and inspection. The cell should stand in a bright place, but it is sheltered from the heat. Must be water and food. The floor needs to be tied with tin to protect rabbits from rats. If rabbits have a two-story cage - the walls of the second floor must also be upholstered in tin.
Contents in the cage
When keeping in the enclosure, it is especially important to monitor the cleanliness, since rabbits should never run around in manure. Litter should be constantly changed, not allowing the dampening of the material.
Contents of rabbits at home
To keep rabbits at home are suitablemetal lattice cells with pallets for easy maintenance. In such cells, there should also be water in the water bowls and always fresh food. Rabbit gray giant is not suitable as a toy for children. His character is rather benevolent, but his size does not allow the child to cope with the animal. Therefore, the child can only be engaged in feeding a rabbit, or it is worth considering another breed.
Very important aspect when considering the breedrabbit gray giant - breeding. An essential role is played by the natural fertility of the rabbits of this breed. In one case, the female gives birth to 8 rabbits. Sometimes the rabbit appears and 14, but still quite rare. The undoubted advantage of the breed is that the rabbits never eat newborn babies. Milk from the eared mama is enough, so you can leave all the babies born on natural feeding.
Begin to bring an offspring of a rabbit can withthree months old, but it's better to spend the first one in 5-6 months. Pregnancy lasts for 28-35 days. At the approach of birth indicate the movements of the rabbits - usually this occurs around the 25th day of pregnancy.
When the pregnant rabbit starts ripping outwool, this means that she began to build a nest. Most often the rabbit gray giant begins training 3-4 days before the birth, but some females can begin arranging the nest and just before the sex.
The main percentage of deliveries falls on the early morning,so carefully examine the place around the cage and the nest - the newborn can crawl away from the mother and die from hypothermia. Interfere in the process of childbirth is not worth it. Exceptions are cases when the rabbit is clearly unable to cope and she needs the help of a specialist. The she-rabbit removes the shell on the rabbits. The placenta is also destroyed by it.
If at first it seems that the rabbit is not engagedcubs - this impression is deceptive. Rabbits do not look like other animals, they can approach the offspring just a couple of times a day, and for a very short time. From the nest of the rabbit begin to be selected after opening the eyes - about 12 days. If you notice a blind rabbit outside the nest, place it in place, as it may die.
During pregnancy and feeding of cubscareful care and additional nutrition are necessary for females of any breed of rabbits (the name does not play a special role). Gray giant will require additional care for the cage and more food with protein.
Cultivation of rabbits
Newborn babies weigh about 80 grams. With proper feeding and leaving for 2 months, they weigh about 1.5 kg. By four months, a healthy animal is gaining 2.6 kg. If necessary, higher values in the diet of rabbits need to add food rich in protein.
You can take off the rabbits from your mother at the age of one month.
Application of rabbits
Representatives of the gray giant breed are rabbitsmeat breeds. The main goal of their maintenance is meat, which has high taste and dietary qualities. Rabbit meat is classified as white meat. For people with various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is truly ideal food, as the protein in it is contained more than in the meat of other animals, and the fat is much less.
In the treatment of cancer, veryit is important to include the meat of young rabbits in the diet. This is due to its interesting and useful ability to reduce the dose received during radiation treatment. Curiously, the rabbit organism at the age of up to 7 months does not take strontium-90, which is the product of the disintegration of herbicides and pesticides.
Animal fat of rabbits is an excellent healing remedy. Since such fat is also a reliable antiallergic agent, it is used in the production of cosmetics, using as a basis.
The most dietary is a three-month-old rabbit gray giant. The price of such meat is higher, but the benefits from it are much greater. Buy rabbit live weight can be about 400 rubles per kilogram.