Psychology of Emotions
Psychology of emotionsin modern science developed in a much smallerdegree, than other areas of psychological science. Emotions and feelings in psychology have been studied for a long time, but there are still many gaps in this field of knowledge.
Every mental phenomenon fulfills two functions- reflection and regulation. In this case, emotional functions do not perform these functions in the same way as cognitive processes, such as thinking, memory, perception, sensation, imagination, etc.
Psychology of emotionsstudies primary forms of reflection thatmuch more ancient than conscious and mediated by cognitive processes of speech. Their main purpose is to signal the use or harm to the organism of certain phenomena of the surrounding world.
There is such an experimentally provenemotional primacy as a "primitive". It precedes a more logical, conscious and detailed evaluation. About this write E. Artemieva, K. Obukhovsky and others. Emotions bear a seal of connections with desires and deep needs of the person. It is this closest connection with needs that is the most important sign of emotion.
Psychology of emotions refers to complex internalregulators of human activity, which emotions perform through motives. It is characteristic that quite often motives of behavior remain for the person unconscious. This feature of emotions (connection with the unconscious) essentially distinguishes them from cognitive processes, carried out mainly under the clear control of consciousness.
Modern psychology of emotionsdoes not give a clear definition of its objectresearch. That is, there is virtually no clear formulation of what is included in the concept of "emotion". This can be traced in those branches of psychology that explore different emotional states. For example, the psychology of loneliness is engaged in studying one of the most difficult problems of psychology of emotions. The difficulty is that loneliness in the modern world has become synonymous with individual success and the main condition for the emergence of the individual. From the point of view of psychology, loneliness is the problem of the individual, which often becomes a social problem. Investigate the roots of the problem and find its solution for a long time: the origins are Z. Freud.
There are many different emotionalstates: fear, stress, anxiety, frustration, tension, etc. It is noteworthy that many emotional states have common characteristics and therefore are not clearly distinct. In many respects they correspond with other states: mental, nervous, functional, etc. Such uncertainty of the content of the term "emotions" greatly complicates scientific research in this field of knowledge.
The concept of emotions takes into account the whole factorsocial experience, which is the cultural and historical determination of all mental phenomena. Social determination explains the occurrence of certain emotions, as well as determines the forms of their expression.
General psychology of emotions should include aspectsemotional states and ideas about the mechanisms by which emotions are realized, that is, about psycho-physiological laws that ensure their existence.
The psychology of emotions explores both individual emotional states and individual features of the emotional life of a person.
The basic emotional states inherent inperson, are divided into emotions, feelings and affects. The first two concepts express the meaning of certain life situations for a person in terms of actual needs. The emotions can be caused by both real and imaginary situations. They are perceived by man as inner experiences. In external behavior, they are relatively weak. Accompanying behavioral acts, they are not even always recognized by a person. Therefore, emotional experience is always wider than the experience of individual experiences.