Projects of houses made of stone and wood: traditions and new technologies
In recent years, gaining popularityconstruction of residential cottages on the technology known in mountain Alpine areas. These are combined houses made of stone and wood. Projects with a garage and utility rooms, options for foundations and a variety of modern materials make it possible to build a full-fledged two-story house.
Advantages of the old building technology
Originally, combined houses made of stone and wood(projects and incarnations) appeared in the Alpine mountains. Firstly, solely for practical purposes, the lower ground floor was laid out of cobblestone, which is always abundant in the mountainous terrain. Secondly, only the walls of the stone in contact with winter snow does not threaten unnecessary hydration and destruction. Traditionally, the first floor was reserved for household needs, and the living quarters were located on the second floor. The upper tier was built of wood, which keeps the heat well. There were bedrooms, guest rooms and other living quarters.
Similar construction methods, house designs,combined of stone and wood, were widely used by merchants in the cities of pre-revolutionary Russia. The warehouse with the goods and the store were located in the lower, and the family lived on the upper, more comfortable floor. This provided not only comfortable living, but also the safety of valuable property in case of fire.
How to make the old house a new, spacious and modern
To reconstruct and enlarge the area of the old one, buta good cottage can be not only an outbuilding of outbuildings. Projects of houses combined from stone and wood give a chance to modernize the dwelling by increasing the number of storeys and retaining the lower walls. It is important to adhere to a certain sequence in the use of materials: the upper structures should be lighter than the lower ones. The following pairs are recommended:
- stone or brick + solid log or timber;
- wood + wireframe floor;
- monolith + SIP panels.
One of the most important requirements that must be metprojects of houses combined of stone and wood- Correct docking of the lower and upper tiers. The arrangement of the bearing walls of both floors must necessarily coincide. Otherwise, in the operation of the structure, unpleasant consequences can not be avoided. When connecting external walls from different materials, it is important to ensure reliability, vapor barrier and thermal insulation of the transitions.
How to replace traditional materials
Combined houses made of stone and wood, projectswhich are offered by construction companies, are now being built in different climatic zones. Given the characteristics of the soil, they select the type of foundation: belt or pile. Instead of a stone now use a brick, foam concrete, arbolite or blocks from porous ceramics.
A single log for budgetary reasons is replaced with glued beams or SIP panels.
Arranging in the ground floor a garage, boiler room or kitchen, bedrooms, bathrooms, children's rooms and other living quarters are traditionally placed above them: it is more convenient, warmer and more comfortable.
What additional advantages do Alpine technology have?
Construction of a two-story cottage is a businesscostly. Almost all combined houses made of stone and wood (projects, photos, real buildings) are an example of how you can cut costs. In addition to saving money, this technology has several advantages:
- Walls made of wood, raised to the height, roof overhangs are protected from moisture from natural precipitation.
- The increase in the useful area of the building is possible with a real reduction in costs.
- Projects of houses, combined from stone and wood, enable their inhabitants to live in the summer in coolness, and in winter - in warmth.
- The first, heavier, floor provides the building with fire safety and stability, the second - an abundance of light, fresh air and environmental friendliness.
- Original and beautiful appearance of the building.
Use of combinations of modern buildingmaterials and the described rules for the construction of an alpine chalet make it possible to erect a beautiful, comfortable and beautiful residential house according to an old, time-tested technology.