Progesterone insufficiency

All people, both women and men, are differentfrom each other by weight, height, hair color, character, etc. Even the "red days of the calendar" come to women in different ways - someone does not feel their offensive soon, and someone long before the offensive, experiencing PMS, feels everything on well-being. And the fault of all the hormones, the role of which for the human body, especially health, is difficult to underestimate.

Many processes in the human bodypass exactly under the influence of hormones produced by the organs of internal secretion and forming our endocrine system. The content of hormones in the body should be balanced. This balance is called the hormonal background of a person and largely determines the state of his health and, in particular, the sexual sphere.

In women, the dependence on hormones is more pronouncedand brighter than that of men. One of the main female hormones is progesterone, which takes an active part in the development of the mammary glands, guarantees the possibility of pregnancy and its maintenance. In the event that this substance in the body is not produced enough (progesterone insufficiency) or vice versa, it is produced in excess, various endocrine diseases start to develop. The lack of progesterone strengthens manifestations of PMS and makes menstruation more painful.

In addition, progesterone insufficiencyis one of the reasons for premature termination of pregnancy. Therefore, if there is a threat of abortion, hormonal drugs are prescribed. They will help create favorable conditions, reduce the excitability of the uterus, as well as ensure the full development of the mucous membrane of the uterus. A sufficient level of progesterone is an indispensable condition for the normal course of pregnancy.

Progesterone produces a yellow body - a specialiron, which is formed in the ovaries after rupture of the follicle and the release of the egg, that is, after ovulation. If conception does not occur, the yellow body dies after 12-14 days and menstruation occurs. In addition to the ovaries, some progesterone is produced by the adrenal glands, so it is considered both a male and a female hormone at the same time, therefore, progesterone deficiency can occur in both women and men.

Progesterone, acting immediately in severaldirections, causes both physical and metabolic changes that prepare a woman's body for a quality bearing of the child. Under the action of this hormone, the walls of the uterus thicken and become secretory, in order to take and ensure the growth of a fertilized egg at the right time.

The level of progesterone in the body depends onthe menstrual phase, before it is ovulated, it increases 10-fold, and during pregnancy its level rises fifteenfold. If there is no increase in the level of progesterone in the blood, then there are any deviations in the woman's body. Progesterone insufficiency during pregnancy can lead to its interruption. In this regard, analysis on the level of progesterone is an essential stage of diagnosis during pregnancy.

Progesterone insufficiency - symptoms of abnormalities

Lack of progesterone may be a sign ofthe following deviations: complete absence of ovulation, infertility, intrauterine growth retardation, inadequate operation of the placenta and yellow body, threatening abortion, true pregnancy masturbation, uterine bleeding, prolonged inflammatory diseases of the female genital area, menstrual irregularities and mammary gland functioning. In addition, a low level of progesterone may be the result of taking certain medications.

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