Prince Vladimir Krasnoe Solnyshko - why did they call him that? Biography, years of government
Many people in their school years did not really likehistory. Therefore, they are happy to catch up at a later age. After all, it is then that an understanding comes that our country has a great history, which every citizen should be proud of. And since one can not be proud of what you do not know, many just sit down for textbooks to enrich their intellectual baggage. In this article, we'll help you to learn a little more about the story of Vladimir Krasnoe and Sunny. Why he was so called, as well as interesting facts from the life of the prince read below.
The exact date of birth of Vladimir is unknown. Officially it is considered that the year of his birth is 960, but this may not be so. He could have been born in 945, just in 960 the future ruler of Rus was first mentioned in the annals. His father was Svyatoslav, and his mother was Olga's housekeeper. From the eyes of the unnecessary child, the grandmother sent to the village Budutino. It was there that Vladimir Krasnoe Solnyshko was brought up. Why he was called so, we learn further.
It is not known how much the boy lived with his mother, but,according to the chronicles, he returned back to Kiev in 969. The fate of his parent is no longer known. According to some reports, she happily lived life in the village, other sources say that the magnanimous son after the accession to the throne took his mother to his palace. Anyway, you can believe in any version, because there is simply no reliable information.
The transfer of Vladimir to his grandmother is mentioned inchronicles in connection with the siege of Kiev. The defense of the city was successful, but the future ruler was not destined to remain in the southern capital of the principality. At the end of the year, Svyatoslav receives a notice from Novgorod that the ruler died and they urgently need a new one. The choice of the prince fell on Vladimir Krasnoe Solnyshko. Why he was so called, we'll find out, but for now, let's talk about the first independent steps of the young man.
Moving to Novgorod was the first important event inlife of a boy. Since he was too young to become a full-fledged ruler, he was given a helping hand to the governor of Dobrynya. He had to monitor the formation of the young prince, and also help to make important state decisions. In Novgorod, Vladimir acquires friends, mostly they were neighbors of the Scandinavians. And the young ruler will build Perun's chapel. Thanks to this act, which was most likely prompted by Dobrynia, Vladimir was able to quickly gain the favor of the citizens of Novgorod.
Family and Children
Why was Prince Vladimir called Red Sun? Briefly this can be said as follows: Vladimir became the first saint in Russia and initiated the emergence of Christianity on Russian soil. And what kind of personal life was the prince? Vladimir was very loving. Pagan faith encouraged this: "the more the ruler will have wives, concubines and children, the stronger will the state", so the tradition said. But the one who put forward this theory, was very wrong. The world can only be in monogamy. By the end of his life, Vladimir had come to this idea. But he could not change his actions any more. Officially, he had 5 wives. The first - Olofi - he found in Scandinavia, the second - Rogneda - took power from Polotsk, the third - Adele - was originally from the Czech Republic, Manfred - from Bulgaria. Julia, the wife of Brother Vladimir, was taken into a concubine already pregnant.Anna was the first wife of the Russian prince afterbaptism, and his second wife was the granddaughter of Otto I, the German ruler. In addition to official connections, Vladimir had many mistresses. The ruler had more than 20 recognized children, 11 of them boys, which means heirs to the throne.
Baptism of Russia
988 is officially considered the year of adoptionChristianity in Russia. But, as well as about all the distant events, it is impossible to say that this is reliable information. In 988, the wedding of the Byzantine princess Anna and Vladimir Krasnoye Solnyshko took place. Why did they call him that? It is for this reason that the ruler introduced an official monotheistic religion. How was the baptism? Of course, it was impossible to cross the whole state. People who believed in pagan gods all their lives, could not suddenly change their beliefs. Paganism lived in Russia for at least 50 years after her baptism. Nevertheless, the adoption of Christianity was a great step towards uniting the country and establishing a new institution of power in it. Some historians believe that his grandmother, Princess Olga, could impose a Christian religion on Vladimir. But this theory is unlikely, since communication with this woman from the prince was too limited. Most likely, Vladimir the Great Krasnoe Solnyshko took such a serious step because of foreign policy factors.
Why was Prince Vladimir called Red Sun? Of course, this nickname was not given to the saint by the people. After all, the figure of the prince from his contemporaries did not cause approval. Many subjects did not support the transition to Christianity. And the dissolute way of life says little about the holiness of man. But all the same it is necessary to believe that people are changing. And they can be changed by one fateful event or, as in the case of Vladimir, a person. After all, there is a version according to which the prince took the baptism precisely because of one of his wives, namely Saint Anne. It is difficult to describe how Vladimir made a huge contribution to the development of Russia. Why Red Sun? Yes, because so much light and peace, as our fatherland received a century later, our homeland has never seen.
Changes in the country
What has significantly changed in the way of lifethe state of Vladimir? Well, of course, this is the baptism of Rus and the expulsion of paganism. The unification of our country in the hands of one ruler is also a great achievement. Of course, then the prince made a big mistake, dividing his possessions among his sons, but he had to give him his due, he did not really want to do it. Vladimir intended to hand over the reins to his beloved son Boris, but one can imagine how other children reacted to this idea.
last years of life
The reign of Vladimir Krasnoe Solnyshko continued46 years old. At the end of his life, the prince ruled in Kiev and was very afraid for his life. And this is not surprising. After all, he wanted to write a testament, according to which only one of his sons became heir. Of course, this disposition did not appeal to children, and in 1014 Sviatopolk was sent to war with his father. By that time, he had managed to marry the daughter of a Polish prince, so that a military detachment was assembled in a rather fast time. In addition, many subjects of Vladimir supported Svyatopolk. After all, he was not the prince's son, but his adoptive son. His real father was Yaroslav, whom Vladimir, sitting down on the throne of Kiev, cold-bloodedly killed. But the military campaign was not crowned with success. The army was defeated, and Svyatopolk was imprisoned.
In 1015 a second son came out against his father -Yaroslav. But he did not go to war, just the Novgorod principality wanted independence and stopped paying tribute. This disagreement did not please Vladimir, and he sent the army to settle this issue. But to survive until the denouement of this war the Kiev prince failed, on July 15 he dies. Vladimir was buried in Kiev in the Church of the Tithes near his Christian wife Anna.
Mark on history
Prince Vladimir lived a very busy life, and,of course, epics and legends could not ignore such a colorful figure. The Kiev ruler appears in the "Lay of Igor's Host", it was to him that Feofan Prokopovich devoted his works. No wonder that Vladimir's image was reflected in the epics, for example, he appears as the main hero of tales of the three heroes. Even today, about the Baptist of Russia, filmmakers shoot their tapes. One of the last came out in 2016 and is called "Viking".
But, of course, every schoolboy knows VladimirRed Sun precisely because the prince baptized Rus. Our state was very backward relative to even its neighbors, not to mention the European countries. That is why Christianity not only helped the people to become more united, but also became the impetus for the development of literacy.
Vladimir Krasnoe Solnyshko, whose reign - 969-1015, could significantly affect the course of history. Here are the most interesting facts about the prince:
- Vladimir was canonized as a saint only in 1888. This event was timed to coincide with the 900th anniversary of Christianity in Russia.
- In 978, Vladimir killed his brother Yaropolk and thus captured the throne of Kiev.
- The prince introduced the first coins in Russia. They were called zlatniks and srebreniki. Despite the fact that in the course was Byzantine gold, chasing their own money allowed to raise the state economy.
- Thanks to the adoption of Christianity in Russia, literacy began to spread. Precisely because it was necessary to read even the Bible, enlightenment first of all affected the church and the monks.
- Officially recognized sons of Vladimir was 11.