Post-traumatic arthrosis: causes, symptoms and treatment methods
Post-traumatic arthrosis is a fairly common problem, which is the result of mechanical damage to the knee joint or its chronic trauma. Basically, this pathology manifests itself only a few years after the injury (fracture or dislocation). But in some cases, changes occur in 2-4 months.
Post-traumatic arthrosis: symptoms
At the initial stage of the disease, its main features are not observed, therefore, not everyone can know about the presence of this pathology. But with its development, the following symptoms appear:
- The emergence of pain and crunch in the joint during exercise.
- Feeling of stiff legs after a short rest.
- Restriction of mobility of joints.
- Feeling tired legs.
- Unstable work of the joint, which is characterized by its constant dislocations, tucking and sprains.
- Puffiness that appears in his area.
- Local fever.
- In advanced cases, atrophy of nearby muscles.
Posttraumatic arthrosis: causes
As a rule, I suffer from this disease.m people whose activities are directly related to constant physical exertion, especially on the legs. Also, post-traumatic arthrosis occurs as a result of the inflammatory process in cartilage. At risk are athletes who are most exposed to fractures, dislocations and various bruises, which are the main causes of the disease.
Post-traumatic arthrosis of the knee: diagnosis
To establish an accurate diagnosis and identify the causes of pain, you must undergo the following procedures:
- Ultrasound of the joint.
- X-ray examination.
- MRI of the joint.
Posttraumatic arthrosis: treatment by conservative methods
To get rid of this pathology, especially at its very initial stages, various methods are used that provoke an improvement in the work of blood in the periarticular tissues. This may be physical therapy, massage and other procedures of physiotherapy. To eliminate pain prescribed analgesics.In some cases, for the so-called "unloading" of the sore joint, you may need a special diet to get rid of extra pounds.
Post-traumatic arthrosis: surgical treatment
If conservative methods of treatment of this pathology have not brought any results, then, as a rule, they resort to surgery. More recently, it was performed by the open method. Now, in the period of development of modern medicine, arthrosis of any kind is treated by the method of arthroscopic surgery. This method is less traumatic, so the recovery of the patient to its former form occurs much faster. This procedure is performed as follows:
- Several small punctures are made on the skin of the inflamed joint, through which an arthroscope is inserted, having a small video camera and a light source at the end, thanks to which the doctor sees everything happening inside.
- Next, a special tool is carried out to remove excess tissue and bone growths.