Polyps of the rectum and ways of treating them
The appearance of polyps in the rectum requiresconsultations of the proctologist, visit to which can not be postponed. So, the polyps of the rectum are an increase in the inner epithelium that covers the large intestine. Usually the polyp extends beyond the sphincter and protrudes outward. In itself, this formation can have a different shape - a fungus, even a ball or hemisphere, is also formed with or without a foot.
As statistics show, polyps are commonabout 1/5 of the adult men and women. Earlier it was claimed that polyps degenerated into cancer quite rarely and not soon. But now there is evidence that this kind of degeneration can happen in about 5-8 years from the beginning of the first education.
Polyps of the rectum, the symptoms of which are goodstudied by modern medicine, can be detected during endoscopic or radiographic examination of the large intestine. There are cases when polyps before such examinations do not signal themselves. Most often a person notices the appearance of blood in the stool after defecation. By the color of the blood, you can determine the place where the polyps of the rectum are located. So, if the blood has a saturated crimson color, the formation of the polyp occurred near the anus. The darker the blood, the farther the polyp from the anus. Often, along with feces, mucus is released to a greater or lesser extent. When fecal masses pass in the polyp area, pain can occur due to inflammation of the foot of this formation.
In many patients, polyps of the rectum are provokedthe occurrence of frequent desires for defecation, as well as diarrhea. If there is no symptomatic symptomatology with such a disease, the very first analysis, which will show the presence of polyps, is a feces analysis for the presence of blood.
As doctors say, polyps need to be removedsurgically. And the sooner this is done, the better. After polyps of the rectum, the treatment of which depends on their size, in the absence of medical intervention can develop into colon cancer.
At the moment, there are no ways thatcould determine the degree of likelihood of cancer in one or another case. Therefore, it is best to remove the polyp at its early stage in order to protect itself from further adverse effects. Most polyps are removed with a special tool, on the tip of which an electrode in the form of a loop is attached. If the polyp is small, it can be removed with the help of moxibustion. As a rule, such endoscopic interventions are conducted in outpatient settings and do not cause pain. If the sizes of polyps are large, several such interventions may be required, maybe even a surgical operation.
As practice shows, the probability of relapseafter removal of the polyp is small. But if the causes that caused the formation of polyps are not eliminated, it is necessary to regularly monitor in a specialized clinic.
During polyp removal,some complications, the most common of which is bleeding. In many cases, it occurs some time after the operation. When there is severe bleeding, there is a need for repeated surgical intervention. If the bleeding is opened at a later date, this indicates a rejection of the thrombus, which is located on the leg of the polyp.
Another complication arising when thepolyps of the rectum, is the perforation of the rectum wall. The reason for this is the formation of a hole due to a burn during electrocoagulation.
Prevention of subsequent development of polyps is a change in lifestyle, diet and regular visits to a doctor for examinations.