Paratonsillar abscess: causes, symptoms, methods of treatment
Paratonsillary abscess is characterized by an inflammatory process that occurs in the okolomindalinovoy tissue. Pathology develops when an infection caused by streptococci or staphylococci gets into the surrounding tonsils, while the body's immune system is weakened and has a low resistance to microbes.
Causes of illness
Most often, peritonsillar abscess does not develop as an independent disease, but as a special form of chronic tonsillitis complication. It is preceded by a complex tonsillitis, during which scarring of the tissues in the tonsils occurs. Because of this, the outflow from the lacunae of purulent discharges is disturbed, which leads to the flow of infection into the surrounding tonsils of the cavity. At the penetration of the infection, the peri-almondin cellulose inflames, the capillaries expand, the mucous membrane swells.
Paratonsillar abscess: symptoms
The primary signs of the disease are sharp pains in the throat when swallowing, which began after a sore throat. Over time, the painful sensations become permanent. Paratonsillar abscess in children and adults proceeds with the same symptoms, including:
- feeling of general malaise and weakness;
- pain not only in the throat, but also in the teeth or ears;
- sleep disturbance, slurred and nasal speech;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- with complications - bleeding from the throat.
Paratonsillar abscess: treatment
Treatment of pathology is performed exclusively in the hospital. Antibiotics such as Rovamycin, Ampicillin, Cephalexin, painkillers and antipyretic drugs are prescribed. In addition to this, gargling with antiseptic agents (solutions of chlorophyllipt, furatsilina) is performed. Alcohol compresses of warming effect, applied in the neck area, can have a good effect. They can be dry or oily. Along with this, you should eat only warm food in a liquid state, because solid food and exposure to cold injure your throat even more.But parathinsillar abscess is not always treatable with such methods. Occasionally, surgery is required to remove pus from the almond membrane tissue. The procedure is painful, but it is an effective way to get rid of the disease. Although there are times when a second operation is required.
If the therapy is started in time, the outcome of the paratonsillar abscess has a completely favorable prognosis. But if the treatment is not made in time, serious complications can develop, including sepsis. Usually, the symptoms of the disease persist for ten to twelve days, after this time (of course, with the necessary therapy) recovery occurs. But if inflammation remains in the surrounding amygdala area, in a few months the illness can return again.