Organic brain damage. Description
Organic brain damage, manifested in the form of disorders of memory, understanding, speech function, thinking and other functions of the cognitive type. As a rule, this pathology has a progressive nature, is accompanied by social maladjustment and can subsequently lead to disability. Often there is a disorder in people in old age.
Organic brain damage. Types of pathology
There are several types of illness. This pathology, in fact, is not considered an independent disease. Most often, it acts as a symptom of other ailments. Among the main types of pathology, organic brain damage associated with neurological and vascular diseases is distinguished. This condition is observed in Alzheimer's disease or vascular atherosclerosis. Brain disorders can develop against the background of pathologies of internal organs.In such cases, the disease accompanies chronic hepatic or renal failure. In some cases, organic brain damage occurs as a result of alcohol poisoning, poisoning with nitrogenous compounds or arsenic in conditions of harmful production. In the elderly, pathology is often caused by taking medicines - several medications in high doses. In case of cancellation of treatment, this violation becomes reversible. Temporary impairment of memory and intelligence is caused by antidepressants, antihypertensives, antiarrhythmic and hypnotics.
Symptoms of pathology
Organic brain damage can manifest itself in different ways. In many ways, symptoms depend on the disease in which it occurs. As a rule, the main manifestations are considered a decrease in activity, apathy, loss of interest in life. At the same time, the patient becomes unable to care for himself, carelessness appears. Among the symptoms, experts also highlight forgetfulness, dysfunction of speech, writing, and counting. In some cases, patients begin to confuse words or rearrange syllables in places.
Organic brain damage in children
At a younger age, this pathology is caused by the influence of negative factors on the development of the fetus during gestation, as well as on the condition of the child in the first days of life. The main causes of the pathology are birth injuries, an unfavorable course of pregnancy, asphyxia of the newborn, hemolytic disease of the newborn, and infectious diseases. These conditions are characterized by intracranial hemorrhage, hypoxic ischemic damage. Sometimes (more often - as residual effects of the factors described above), residual-organic brain damage occurs. This condition is characterized by symptoms such as headache, changes in intracranial pressure, nervousness, low concentration, dizziness, sleep disorder, and others.