Normal atmospheric pressure and its effect on our body
Atmospheric pressure is the force with which the air column presses per unit surface of objects and earth. How many kilograms affect 1 square centimeter? Normal atmospheric pressure acts on a square centimeter of the human body, as a weight equal to 1.033 kilograms. But people do not feel this impact, because all the fluid that is in the tissues of the body, is composed of dissolved air, which balances the effects of the atmosphere.
How to determine
Each of us heard about such a device as a barometer. Thanks to him, you can monitor changes in atmospheric pressure, as well as how our body reacts to it. It is known that it is constantly changing, and the higher we rise above the ground, the lower the pressure will be there. And, accordingly, on the contrary - the deeper under the earth we descend, the higher the pressure there.
The effect of atmospheric pressure on humans
The change in atmospheric pressure leads to a change in the amount of precipitation, strength and direction of the wind, fluctuations in air temperature. For example, with a sharp decrease in pressure should wait for storms, severe thunderstorms and gale. It turns out that atmospheric pressure leads to a change in the weather, which, in turn, affects our health and general condition. Typically, the fluctuation of atmospheric pressure during the year is in the range from 20 to 30 mm, and during the day - 4-5 mm. People with good health tolerate such fluctuations easily. But those who have any diseases may react sharply even to a slight change in air pressure. For example, with a decrease in atmospheric pressure, hypertensive patients may get an attack of angina pectoris, and patients with rheumatism may experience pain in the joints that are affected by the ailment. People with an unstable psyche may develop an unreasonable sense of fear and anxiety, mood swings and sleep disturbances.
Who is weather sensitive?
Whether the change in atmospheric pressure will affect the human body depends entirely on its general condition, the presence of certain diseases, the ability of a particular organism to acclimatize.Most often, those who are little in the fresh air, engaged in mental work and lead a sedentary lifestyle suffer from meteosensitivity. Therefore, first of all, they need to change their lifestyle. Healthy people who lead an active lifestyle do not feel any pressure drops, but this does not mean that it does not affect them. This should be taken into account, for example, by motor vehicle drivers, because with a sharp change in weather conditions a person may experience a decrease in concentration. What can lead to negative consequences. Exhaustion or any disease significantly reduces the reserves of our body, so 40-75% of patients have meteosensitivity.
What is normal atmospheric pressure
Normal atmospheric pressure for our body is 760 millimeters of mercury. But if we talk about Russia, then here normal atmospheric pressure is rather a rarity. And all the fault of the relief. For example, at an altitude of 1 thousand meters above sea level, the atmospheric pressure already has a lower value (about 734 millimeters of mercury). Therefore, people who go up with great speed can even lose consciousness due to sudden pressure drops.In the same place during the day, the pressure, though not significantly, also changes. As a rule, at night the air temperature drops and the pressure rises. And this is absolutely normal. People do not feel such vibrations, because they are within 1-2 millimeters of mercury. It is also natural to call the fact that in the region of the poles the amplitude of the change in atmospheric pressure is greater, therefore, its differences are more noticeable.
What value of atmospheric pressure can be called normal for a person?
People can adapt to absolutely everything. Therefore, if you live in an area with low blood pressure, do not panic. According to doctors, any pressure can be called normal, if it does not have an obvious detrimental effect on our body. It's all about adaptation. You can often hear the opinion that normal atmospheric pressure is 750-765 millimeters of mercury, and this is true in domestic conditions.
What can lead to a sharp change in pressure
If the atmospheric pressure changes dramatically within 2-3 hours within a few millimeters, then people may feel problems with the work of the heart. This is especially true for people who suffer from hypertension.They may feel weak, nauseous, dizzy, and headache. Therefore, people who suffer from meteo-dependence are recommended to use tonometers to monitor their pressure. If every time you change the pressure, you feel headaches, chest pain, a regular increase in blood pressure, we advise you to consult a specialist, as this condition requires careful examination.
How to help yourself when changing atmospheric pressure
It is known that our body reacts much worse not to specific values (too low or too high) of atmospheric pressure, but to its abrupt change. At the same time, weather-sensitive people tend to experience discomfort.
How our body reacts to increased atmospheric pressure
- Very often there is a decrease in blood pressure.
- The number of blood leukocytes decreases.
- Reduced electrical resistance of the skin.
What do experts advise to do at elevated atmospheric pressure?
- It is necessary to ensure a proper rest, reduce the load.
- Try not to be outdoors for long.
- Avoid heavy foods, spicy seasonings and alcohol.
- Eating should be fractional, in small portions.
- If you feel excessive nervousness, or you have insomnia - use sedative decoction or drops.
- Keep your health in mind, especially if you have any diseases related to the cardiovascular system.
How our body reacts to reduced atmospheric pressure
- There is a feeling of lack of oxygen.
- There is a weakness and dizziness.
- Dyspnea appears.
- The number of blood leukocytes increases.
- Possible violations in the cardiovascular system.
- Possible discomfort in the stomach or intestines.
What do experts advise to do at low atmospheric pressure?
- It is necessary to reduce the load on the body, more rest.
- Increase in your diet foods rich in vitamin E and potassium (nuts, dried fruits, seeds, dried apricots, bananas, carrots, beets, parsley, celery).
- Take a douche, do light exercises, drink herbal teas.
- Spend as much time as possible in the fresh air.
It is believed that the meteosensitivity affects almost half of women who live in developed countries. The number of weather-sensitive men is less - about one third.Meteorically dependent people are most often prone to diseases of the heart and blood vessels, lungs, and endocrine diseases. If you also belong to meteorological, then do not despair. Refer to a specialist, and he will help you choose the drugs that will minimize your body's reaction to changing atmospheric pressure.