Monarchy is a form of government in 42 countries of the world
The surface of the earth is 2/3 of water, andThe rest is occupied by six continents. On the entire "dry" territory of the Earth there is a huge number of countries that differ from each other in many ways: the number of people living and their nationality, religion, traditions, and much more. The very first sign that one country is different from another is the form of government. With a great deal of certainty it can be argued that the very first of these is the monarchy. This is by no means the only form of government by a sovereign state.
Total planet Earth counts 193 countries. At the same time, 145 of them are republics, dividing into such subspecies as federal, unitary and Islamic. 42 countries have such a form of government as the monarchy. This is not just a certain kind of leadership of the country - it also has different subspecies. Absolute theocratic, constitutional, absolute and parliamentary monarchies - all depends on the availability of additional levers of influence on the management mechanism. There are also a federal, multinational, unitary, Islamic state - only 5 countries. And the parliamentary principality of Andorra stands apart.
Monarchy is one of many formsgovernment, under which the country is ruled by one person, transferring power by inheritance. The very first example of such management are the ancient tribes, where the head was the leader who succeeded his father or brother in this post. And so from generation to generation. As a rule, a person was endowed with power for life. This principle operates in our time.
It should be noted that the only correctthe monarchy is that in which the king, shah, sultan, emperor or king was elected by tradition or custom. Almost all the monarchies known to the world were subject to the right of inheritance. At the same time, the question of legitimacy was more often than suitability for government.
Monarchy is a form of government with differentsubspecies. So, if the power of the ruler is not limited to anything, and he is the only and indisputable ruler of the country's destiny - this form of government refers to an absolute monarchy. Such countries are currently Brunei and Qatar. Absolute theocratic monarchy is a separate kind of considered form of government. At the head of such a country is religion. Of course, every person in the world knows a monarchy with this kind of government - the Vatican. The second such country is Saudi Arabia.
If the power of the ruler of the country is limitedconstitution, then the monarchy is called constitutional. The English monarchy is the most famous example of this type of government. In addition to it, the list of countries with this form of leadership includes Japan, Sweden, Denmark, Monaco, Thailand and another 29 countries.
Spain - one of the most famous in the whole worldtourist barns, the birthplace of stunning football. It is a country where the power of the king is limited by parliament. Those. Spain is a parliamentary kingdom. Many sources say that the monarchy in England is also a parliamentary government under the leadership of Queen Elizabeth II. In the process of its formation, England was only a constitutional monarchy, but at this stage the country's leadership is carried out by parliament, and the royal family is only a symbol of the mighty grandeur of this united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.