Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka: biography of the world-famous composer
One of the most famous Russian composers,of course, is Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka. His biography began on May 20, 1804 in one of the small villages of Smolensk province. As a child, Glinka was quite a painful child, he was raised by his grandmother, a powerful and steep woman, who was afraid of all serfs and domestic people.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka - one of the classics of Russian music
The first education a talented composer receivedat home. However, it is worth noting that he began to study music Glinka quite late, his employment with the nanny Varvara Klamer were necessary in order to take her free time. At that time, Mikhail Ivanovich could only ring the bell and beat the copper basins, imitating the local bell ringers.
In the winter of 1817, his parents sent him toPetersburg, but then no one knew who Glinka Mikhail Ivanovich was. A short biography of the future composer was pleasant to the head of the boarding school at the Pedagogical Institute, and Glinka was accepted there, while this institution was considered rather privileged, and ordinary children could not get there.
Glinka and Pushkin - a landmark acquaintance
In the guest house Glinka got acquainted with his younger brotherAlexander Sergeevich Pushkin the Lion. Two talented young men made friends, and soon Mikhail Ivanovich got acquainted with the very "luminary of Russian poetry", who often visited his brother in a boarding house. At the same time, Glinka awoke interest in music, and he began to learn to play the piano.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, whose biographytoday studied in a music school course, studied with the best teachers of those times: Charles Mayer, John Field and Franz Böhm. The Italian Todi taught Glinka singing. In 1822, the composer left the boarding school, turning out to be his best student. At the graduation party Glinka played a Gummel concert on the piano with the support of his teacher Mayer.
Composer Mikhail Ivanovich composing musicGlinka engaged in 1822, immediately after the termination of the boarding house. At first he tried to find variations for the "Swiss family" - the most popular opera, composed by the Austrian composer Weigl. In parallel, he improved in playing the piano. Soon he began composing compositions in a variety of genres. For a long time he was not satisfied with his work, although it was then that he wrote songs and romances known to the whole world.
Bad health as an obstacle to creativity
Bad health is something that has always sufferedMikhail Ivanovich Glinka. Biography of the composer in the period from 1823 to 1824 years records a huge number of attempts to recover from illnesses, especially for this, he traveled through the Caucasus. In 1824, Glinka moved to St. Petersburg and began working at the Ministry of Railways.
However, for a long time in the Ministry of Railways Glinka failedhold out, he wanted to do music, and the service did not let him do it. In Petersburg, Mikhail Ivanovich met with Delvig, Zhukovsky, Mickiewicz and many other secular personalities of the capital. In 1830, Glinka went to Germany, and then to Italy in order to improve his own health.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, whose biographyknown to many music lovers, returned to Russia in 1834 and lived here for 18 years. For all this time he wrote a huge number of works that have entered the world treasury of music. In 1852, the composer's health deteriorated, and he again went abroad. The second time, Glinka did not manage to improve his state of health, and on February 3, 1857, he died.