Living and inanimate nature as a factor of human life
How often do we use the word "nature", sometimesnot understanding to the end, what does it mean? We are talking about the fact that nature surrounds us, that we are going to go to nature, that its power is great, but it is not boundless.
Sometimes we even forget that there is a living and inanimate nature.
So what is nature? How do living organisms differ from inanimate objects or phenomena of nature? The living and inanimate nature is a single whole, to which the entire material world of the Universe belongs. Nature is the main and only thing that explores all natural disciplines, everything that has appeared and is alive independently of humanity.
Everything that surrounds us, and there is a living and inanimate nature. Examples are endless: nature is a man and plant, viruses and flowers, stones and air, water and mushrooms.
The living and inanimate nature is different from each other. The main characteristic of all living things is, in scientific terms, the ability to genetic changes, development, mutations and replicas.
If to speak easier, all living things constantlygrows, develops, breathes and reproduces. All organisms have common features: they need energy metabolism, are able to absorb and synthesize chemicals, have their own genetic code. Living and inanimate nature also differ in the ability to first transmit genetic information to all subsequent generations and to mutate under the influence of the environment.
Inanimate nature does not possess a genetic code,and, consequently, is not capable of transmitting genetic information. Objects of inanimate nature, which include stones, mountains, chemical elements, cosmic bodies,molecules, and so on., can exist for centuries, and change only under the action of the elements. For example, chemical elements are able to react and create new, but also non-living substances. The rocks can become weathered, the oceans can dry out. However, none of these objects can reproduce, die, develop or mutate. This is the main thing, what distinguishes living and inanimate nature from each other.
However, everything said above does not mean that betweenthe notion of "living" and "lifeless" lies the abyss. Not at all. Our world is arranged in such a way that the living is inseparably connected with the inanimate one. Destruction of inanimate nature entails the death of all living things. Examples of that in the history of the Earth are many. Unfortunately, one of the main factors in the destruction of nature is human activity.Our ambitious projects to change the riverbedmore than once led to the death of hundreds of species of animals. The transformation of the Aral Sea into a salt desert led to the destruction of more than twenty species of fish, several dozen species of animals, hundreds of species of different plants. Today, not only the health, but also the gene pool of the local population is under threat.
There is also a reverse example. The destruction of sparrows in China led to the multiplication of pests and loss of crops and, as a consequence, to desertification of lands.
The wonderful and huge world in which we appearedand we live, nature, alive and inanimate, are in a state of very delicate balance. This must be remembered by shooting at hunting animals, collecting primroses, breaking a small twig of the urban shrub. It is necessary to break this fragile balance, and from the beautiful world only chaos can remain, incapable of generating either the living or the dead.