Kruger National Park in Africa
Who in childhood did not hear stories about Limpopo? It’s like a child’s spontaneity to walk around this wonderful country, but this isn’t all a fairy tale, but a real province in the hot sands of the African continent.
African lands are one of the points of the Earth, which retained some of the true nature of the original prototype. This zone is the Kruger Park. It is here that you can see the world around us as the planet itself created it.
The park has no separate borders among the territories of the states in which it is located. All animals living in the reserve are free to move throughout the area.
Kruger National Park is the oldest protected area on the territory of the Republic of South Africa and one of the largest in the world. It is located in the northeast of South Africa, in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces. The area of the whole reserve zone is 19 thousand square kilometers, from the north it stretched for three hundred and fifty kilometers, and from the east for sixty kilometers.
Compared to Pilanesberg and Table Mountain, Kruger National Park in Africa is considered the most visited among tourists. Together with similar parks Gonarezu in Zimbabwe and Limpopo Park, owned by Mozambique, is included in the “Peace Park” - the Great Limpopo Cross-border Park, which has international status. It is this position that blurs the political boundaries for the movement of animals among the territories of all three reserves. Such a grand unification, in total area, is about 100 thousand square kilometers. The accession of other protected areas of the countries listed above is also planned.
History of creation
The park was created in the late 19th century. The idea of creating such a zone was submitted to the authorities of the Boer Transvaal Republic back in 1884, and three years later the proposal was approved by the President of the Republic Paul Kruger. It was in honor of him that the Sabie Game Reserve reservation was later renamed, along with the association of the farm land and the Shingwedzi reservation. In 1927, the park was finally formed.
Initially, the Kruger National Park wore the function of protection against the uncontrolled slaughter of animals subjected to complete extinction.The very first caretaker was James Hamilton, he was called the father of animals, as he made a very large and valuable contribution to his development. During all the years of work (from 1906 to 1946), James tirelessly followed the implementation of all regulations on the protection of the flora and fauna of a designated area.
The region where the Kruger National Park is located has a subtropical climate, which means that in summer it is quite hot and humid. The temperature reaches 38 degrees Celsius above zero.
In winter, the humidity partially disappears and the air becomes much drier, and the weather conditions are milder, and the temperature rises to only 25 degrees Celsius. Plus, in the winter it is more profitable to look out for animals, as the stormy summer vegetation leaves, and the platform for their walks becomes open, because in the mornings and evenings the animals always come to drink water to local water bodies.
The park program includes a variety of ways to get acquainted with wild African nature. It all depends on the plans for the trip and personal desires of the visitor. Some tourists like to come to the reserve on rented cars or SUVs and spend the whole day on the safari program, with lunch included in a local restaurant,and then go on your holiday route. Others prefer to stay overnight, offered among other visit services.
Someone brings with him equipment for camping, which can be conveniently located on a special site. In any case, the emotions and feelings of being in the Kruger National Park in South Africa will remain unforgettable.
You can go on a real trip on foot. Usually it lasts about three hours, and the group recruits no more than eight people. During the whole journey the guide will not only show the most interesting places where you can meet animals, but also tell about their life, stories and give other important information.
Any territory under state protection has its own regulations for visitors. In the Kruger National Park there are several indestructible rules that you should adhere to unconditionally, during the entire stay:
- Prohibited unauthorized exit from the car outside the hotel area.
- It is forbidden to move and travel around the park after sunset and in the dark.
- Feeding animals is also strictly prohibited.
- Entrance to the park with your pets is not allowed.
In addition to the animal world, historical objects of world importance are located in the reserve zone:
- Traces of the sites of people belonging to Homo Erectus (of the Person of Upright), the direct ancestor of Homo Sapiens.
- Rock paintings and paintings.
- The ancient remains of the settlements of Thulamela and Masorini, dating from the Iron Age.
Moreover, you can look into the Hamilton Memorial Library.
The most favorable period for exploring African nature is the time period from early March to October. By the end of autumn, the rainy season begins here. Moreover, the park administration allows only a certain number of cars, they are not allowed to pass above the limited limit, therefore it is better to book a safari tour in advance. Despite the above recommendations, the park is open year-round, according to its charter: "The park belongs to the people."
You can enter the reserve through the gate, located in nine directions, but the presence of a guide is necessary. For unauthorized entry, or for breaking the rules, the visitor will be fined.
Flora and fauna of the "African treasury"
Looking at the photo of the Kruger National Park, you can be sure that there is something to go for! Here is a large variety of both animals and plants. In the park you can see six ecosystems (ranging from savannah and ending in forests near water bodies). The main attraction is a baobab twenty-five meters thick, in order to embrace him will need a dozen people. Here you can see about five hundred species of birds, more than one hundred species of reptiles and fifty species of fish.
Of course, the most interesting inhabitants of the Kruger National Park are animals. Due to the presence in the territory of more than 250 thousand animals, the reserve is secretly called "Noah's Ark." The park is home to the "big five" of mammals - a buffalo, elephant, leopard, lion and rhino. They are considered the strongest and most dangerous enemies of people engaged in hunting.
Watching the life of animals in the wild can be done live or through video cameras. With the help of a sightseeing tour with some representatives of the fauna you can meet in person. However, no one will allow you to move independently through the territories because of elementary danger.Indeed, almost all the animals living in the reserve are not used to being close to humans. Therefore, excursion groups are supervised by special rangers.
Services provided by the reserve
In addition to tours, Kruger National Park offers its services in the largest local camp - Skukuza, where a visitor can not only eat in a cozy gazebo, but also refuel a car, buy necessary things and food on the road, stay for the night at a hotel and even play golf. . Here is a hospital and airport. By the way, you can also rent a car without departing from the ticket office. The work of the park is supported by more than three and a half thousand people.
Reservations must be made in advance. After all, this is a unique place where the originality of nature is preserved. Only due to the base of the reserve you can see an elephant or an antelope not behind the fences and bars of the zoo, but in the conditions of their real wild life.
How to get there
To get to the Kruger National Park from Moscow, you need to purchase a plane ticket to the city of Johannesburg, usually transfers are done in London or in Istanbul. From Johannesburg, using the services of local airlines, you need to fly to Kruger International Airport - Mpumalanga.Well, on arrival it is easiest to rent a car in order to conveniently reach the protected area.
There are various package tours provided by tour operators, which include transfers and accommodation, most often these tours are individual and are tailored to each customer.