Is kiwi a fruit or a berry? Description, use in food, benefit and harm
Kiwi love many people. Eating this fruit is good for health. Regular intake of this product strengthens the body. However, most people never know, is kiwi a fruit or a berry? The answer to this question can be found in the article.
And yet, is kiwi a fruit or a berry? A common opinion is that it is a fruit. But in fact, the product is a berry. Kiwi homeland - China, because it was there that wild actinidia were found. And the cultivars were bred by New Zealanders. It is also called Chinese gooseberry.
In our country, the fetus was first imported after the collapse of the USSR. It has become popular thanks to its sweet and sour taste. Now he is adored by adults and children. Berries are used to prepare various dishes, desserts and simply eat instead of a snack.
Description of kiwi characterizes the main features of this berry.The plant is presented in the form of vines up to 8-10 m. Shoots have a reddish brown or greenish color. He has lowered brown and tough hairs. Leaves 6–17 cm long and 6–15 cm wide are heart-shaped. The flowers of the plant are dioecious.
What do most people think of a kiwi fruit or berry? A person who is not interested in botany usually refers to a fruit. In terms of botany, is kiwi a fruit or a berry? Scientists have recognized that the fruit is considered a berry. It has a mixed taste of banana, strawberry, gooseberry, pineapple, melon and apple. The pulp of the product is green, but there is a variety with yellow.
Kiwi - a tree or a bush? Answer this question is not easy. Actinidia are woody vines, but often they are referred to as shrubs. Outside, the fruit is unsightly, like potato covered with villus. The average size of the berries is 100 g.
To date, there are over 50 varieties of kiwi. It belongs to dioecious plants, so maternal and paternal varieties are required to produce fruits. The most popular include the following varieties:
- Bruno. This variety is considered early ripe dessert.Fruits have a dark brown reddish tint. The flesh is greenish-yellow, fragrant, juicy. The variety is known for its high content of vitamin C, PP and organic acids.
- Monty. It is a mid-season variety with small and variegated fruits. His skin is brown with long hairs. Pulp green with aroma of pineapple. The variety is rich in potassium.
- Abbot The variety is high-yielding. The fruits are similar in shape to pear medium size. The flesh is light green, sweet and sour.
- Allison. Fruits of a grade are similar to a pear or a bell. The green flesh is reminiscent of the taste of strawberries and pineapple.
- Heyward This late ripening variety is one of the most common. Fruits are large in size - up to 150 g. Their pulp is fragrant and juicy.
Kiwi contains vitamins A, B, B6, C, D, E. It is also enriched with the following components:
- Folic acid.
- Vegetable protein.
In 100 g of the product is 61 kcal. Due to the potassium content, the fruit is useful for hypertension, because with it it will be possible to normalize the pressure. This product contains a daily intake of vitamin C. It is useful for children and adults.
Do not carry kiwi fruit. The benefits and harms of this product are related to its composition. The fruit should be consumed in moderation so that it saturates the body with valuable properties. Useful properties include:
- Strengthening immunity.
- Fight against colds.
- Improve digestion.
- Detoxification and toxins.
- Metabolism recovery.
- Improve mental performance.
- Giving energy.
With regular use of the fruit of kiwi hair will turn gray more slowly. Berry helps to remove cholesterol from the body. It will get rid of the heaviness in the stomach, eliminate salt. The product is useful for those who wish to lose weight. Calcium and phosphorus are the protection of skin, hair, teeth, bones from the lack of vitamins.
Benefits for women
The female body is slightly different, which is associated with the menstrual cycle, menopause, childbearing function. During these periods, hormonal changes are changing, chronic illnesses are exacerbated. The nervous system is particularly prone to stress.
Kiwi is enriched with vitamins that have a positive effect on the nervous system. It is enough to eat only 2 fruits a day to noticeably improve your mood and well-being.
Benefits for men
Due to the chemical composition of kiwi is useful for men. Berry strengthens the heart. According to statistics, men more women are prone to heart attacks and strokes. Fruits strengthen the immune system and relieve stress. With regular use, mental activity will be easy. Kiwi perfectly cleans the blood vessels, so it improves blood circulation. These berries increase potency and libido.
During pregnancy and lactation
Kiwi because of its composition perfectly nourishes the body of the mother and the unborn child. Folic acid prevents miscarriages. It has a great effect on the nervous system and brain of a child. During pregnancy, there are often periods of constipation, and kiwi is perfect for solving this problem.
During toxicosis, the berry helps eliminate nausea, lethargy, fatigue, as it includes a lot of fiber. Breastfeeding fruits are irreplaceable, as they will saturate the baby with vitamins.
With this disease, you can eat kiwi without health concerns. Due to the presence of vitamins, pectin, the fruit allows you to fight this disease. Kiwi is perfectly absorbed by the body. It does not increase blood sugar.
Although the berry is good for health, some mothers do not give it to children. But these concerns are in vain. Children can be given kiwi from 5 years. If you enter it gradually, to eliminate allergies.
This product should not be considered a fruit. The benefits and harms of kiwi should be known to all. Please note that the product has contraindications:
- Allergy. Kiwi is considered an exotic berry, which can cause asthma, pharyngeal dermatosis, tongue swelling. If you are prone to allergies, you should carefully use this product.
- Gastric ulcer, gastritis, increased acidity. With these diseases, it is necessary to exclude the use of kiwi.
- Kidney disease. Should not eat this fruit in large quantities. There is a lot of water in it, so the kidneys work becomes more complicated.
- Poisoning. When they do not eat kiwi, as the berry has a laxative effect.
Kiwi fruit should not be purchased in supermarkets, markets and street stalls. There it is often treated with a chemical composition. Delicious fruits are a bit soft, but have no dents and darkening. Hard kiwi will be tasteless, sour. It is advisable to choose hard berries, which should ripen a little.
The smell of kiwi should be a little noticeable. If you feel the aroma of wine, this product is better not to choose. In place of the stem should be a little pressure: if the juice appears, the berry does not fit. On the surface should not be mold or rot.
How to use?
Berry in demand in cooking. Eating kiwi varied. It is used to make marinades, sauces, jellies, jams. Fruits are used in liqueurs and wine. Kiwi serves as an excellent filling for cakes and pies. The berries are dried and candied.
Kiwi can be eaten fresh:
- It is used entirely with the skin after cleansing the hair.
- Also, the fruit is cut in half and eaten with a spoon.
- Berry cut into rings and slices.
It is advisable to eat kiwi 30 minutes before meals or one hour after eating food. 2-3 fruits per day is the norm. You should not use more because there is a risk of allergies.
Kiwi allowed to eat with peel. It must be washed in advance. The skin is rich in vitamins and antioxidants. European scientists believe that it cures dysbacteriosis. With the skin, the berry is unpleasant, you can clean it with the blunt side of the knife.
Thus, the kiwi must be consumed regularly, because the fruits are very useful. Although it is better to do it fresh, but it is used to prepare various dishes. If you use the berry in moderation, it will bring the body only benefit.