Kilt is ... Scottish kilt
Each country is associated with some kind ofway. Speaking the word "Scotland", we remember the mountains in the fog, the books of Walter Scott, and we have a kilt skirt before our eyes. Without this eclectic object one can not imagine a Scotsman. While in modern Glasgow, they are found as rarely as on Arbat in Moscow.
What it is?
Kilt is an element of men's clothing thatIt is considered traditional for the Highlanders of Scotland. Outwardly it is quite simple - it's a simple piece of material that wraps around the waist, and on it is fixed with special buckles and straps. Its obligatory accessory is sporran, i.e., a special handbag, which is designed to store various small things and money.
The oldest description of this thing in Scotlandthe one that dates back to 1594 is considered. According to him, the kilt is an outer garment, looking outwardly as a speckled apparel, having a variety of colors, possessing a huge number of folds that reach the middle of the calves. The kilt had a belt that wrapped around the waist. He was wearing rather original - through his legs.
Kilt is an indispensable thing in Upper Scotland. It is explained by the climate and local relief (rain and mountains - this is what the guests are waiting for here). This type of clothes has many advantages - it warms the body, does not constrain movement, while wetting, instantly dries (much faster than pants). At night it turns into a cozy and warm blanket.
Kilt in combat is convenient because whenbattles in battles can be very quickly thrown off, in their movements receiving maximum freedom, and to fight further. One of the most famous battles of this kind was the battle between the three clans - the Cameroons, the MacDonald and the Fraser.
By the way, there is an opinion that the kilt isan integral part of the culture of Scotland, but this is not entirely true. He was always a classic costume, while the national importance was not so long ago. Only in the middle of the century before last, he gained popularity among the intelligentsia and the nobility of Scotland. A little later, ordinary local residents, besides the Scottish diasporas living outside the country, also accepted it. Irish, Welsh and other representatives of the Celts also began to wear a Scottish kilt. But it should be noted that among these nationalities, it is not so revered and loved.
Kilt in modern times
At the present moment, the Scottish kiltcasual wear is used very rarely. He is considered part of the official costume. He is also often worn by scouts as a dress. At Scottish competitions at various levels (music and dance) and then flashed kilts. Today, in most armies of the British Commonwealth, and the army itself including kilt Scot remains until now a compulsory subject in military ammunition. But it should be noted that he was not put on military action since the end of the Second World War.
Since for the manufacture of paints for kiltearlier plant components were used, while plants that were used for these purposes grew not everywhere, weavers were limited to a strictly defined set of colors. Such a set of color bands was called set. On it, the terrain in which it was created was easily determined.
Sett for any local clan was unique, thus revealing belonging to a particular clan. This has led to the fact that at the current time there are about 700 different sets.
Kinds of kilts
There are several types of kilt - small and large. The big interest is that he was very long, so much that sometimes he was thrown on his shoulder, hiding under it in bad weather. To create the kilt, wool was used, which contributed to this.
The Great Kilt
Large kilt has many other names andnames - Big Kilt, Feileadh Mor, Belted Plaid, Breacan Feile and Great Kilt. Although its essence is one - it's 2 pieces of woolen thick fabric, sewn together. Its length may vary, although it is within the range of 4.5-9 yards. In such a large enough range can be identified much narrower, it is most often used to make a large kilt - 6-7 yards.
Its manufacturing process is interesting. Thus, the folds were assembled by hand only on the first part of the fabric, and then fastened together, for which a wide belt was used. Another part of the "attached" can be different methods. It can be thrown on the left shoulder (analogous to the cloak) or sheltered under it from the weather (in this case, the shoulders and head will be well protected). And also this part can be fixed on a belt, thus leaving a small end, falling from it. Quite often such male kilt served also as a reliable coverlet.
According to a detailed description of 1746, this clothing is free and convenient, which was very appreciated for men, because overcoming fast or distant transitions, in addition, crossing the river proved to be more simple. Large kilt is suitable for hiking in the forest, as well as for home and everyday life. In general, we can say that he can help and where there is nothing to do in ordinary clothes.
Historians have not decided until now and constantlyThey argue about the time of appearance of this garment. But we can say with a high degree of certainty that by the beginning of the eighteenth century it was already known about him. His images, discovered before those years, differ slightly from what we usually understand by the kilt. Previously, he was more like a long shirt, reaching to the knees. It was made of different materials, including leather, canvas or flax. For greater protection and reliability, the kilt was prosthetic, although already in those years it had a huge number of folds.
Many people think that the Highlanders from Scotland arethe main connoisseurs of the kilt. But it is not so. Yes, of course, they wear it, but it is also characteristic for the inhabitants of a number of poor villages, which are located not in the mountains, but on the plain.
The tradition of wearing it for a time was revived only in the nineteenth century.
Not everyone knows that under the word "kilt" in the mainImmediately small kilt is implied, because it just looks like it is customary for every third-party observer, but, in essence, is only the bottom part of the large one. Since it differs from its large version in much smaller sizes, it is often fixed not in the classical way, but on simple straps with buckles. To fix its floors, a pin is used, which is designed specifically for such purposes.
There is an opinion that its creator isEnglishman Rolinson. This manager at the steel smelting factory introduced in 1725 the proposal to remove the upper part of the kilt for greater convenience and comfort, leaving only the lower part for wearing.
Required attributes to him were woolenlong socks. They could be both monochrome and checkered. They were traditionally without gum and were held only with garters with tassels. A dagger (sgian dubh or dirk) was put under them. The sporran was hung on the belt - it's a fur purse, turned outward with wool. Sporran was worn in front, so that the wind did not show everyone around what in a decent society is not shown. Kilt without it is treated in approximately the same way as the trousers' pants, unintentionally unbuttoned.
Kilt for bath
This irreplaceable detail of the bathrobe isclassic, which is necessary for women and men. Kilt for a bath for women is also called pareo. It is much longer, so it has the ability to wrap up, as if in a sheet or a towel. Male kilt is basically wide and very large, so that anyone can easily turn into it.
When choosing it, it is better to pay attention toterry products. They are dense, soft and absorb moisture perfectly. Buy is a kilt from natural, cotton, unpainted fabric. Wafer kilt is an option cheaper. It is much thinner than terry and, therefore, quickly soaks, and this creates certain inconveniences. Such clothes will be very convenient and practical in a hot steam room and after it.