Jewish New Year - when begins, customs, greetings

Israel is an interesting and unique country that is visited by crowds of tourists. Someone makes a pilgrimage, and some rest and sightseeing. The inhabitants of Israel profess Judaism, so the holidays are not the same as those of the Russians. The article will consider the detailed information about the New Year in Israel in 2019.

Traditional New Year is not included in the national holidays of Israel. It is celebrated only by the Russian-speaking population, but there is no day off for it. The country has its own holiday - Rosh Hash Shan - the beginning of the new year according to the Israeli calendar, and 2019 is dated as 5779th. How do locals celebrate the beginning of the year?

When does the Jewish New Year begin and end?

Jerusalem

The Jewish New Year (Rosh Hash Shan) is unique. He does not have a specific date. The holiday begins in the spring in the new moon, so the numbers are different every year.

In 2019, the Jewish New Year will begin on September 30 and last two days - until October 1, inclusive.

And on September 21, 2017 in Israel came the year 5578.Holiday as such is not considered, but is a public holiday. For people, this is a sacred day, one of religious holidays, and not a day for rest and enjoyment.

Rosh Ha-Shang, Tu Bi-shvat and the New Year: features and customs

Western Wall in Israel

The Jews have two holidays, which are called the New Year - Rosh Ha-Shan and Tu Bi-Shvat. If the meaning of the first is repentance and forgiveness, then the meaning of the second is the praise of trees and nature.

Rosh HaShan

Any Russian will be amazed. Israelis do not have the habit of celebrating the New Year in a big way, with fireworks, songs and dances. According to beliefs, these days God arranges a judgment on people. All deeds and transgressions are judged and sentenced. Believers must repent and remember their sins, because only this way the Heavenly Father can forgive them.

Rosh Ha-Shan is imbued with symbolism. Every dish, action matters. Close ones give each other small gifts that carry some kind of symbolic meaning. If the family is too far away, at least postcards are sent.

The family gathers at a laid table, where each dish has a special meaning. Serve:

  • Lamb heads, symbolizing the primacy.
  • The carrots cut in the form of coins - for monetary prosperity.
  • Fish for fertility.
  • Pomegranate is a symbol of good deeds.
  • Bread with raisins so that the body is healthy.
  • Apples - a mandatory attribute on the table.

Bitter and salty food is not served on the table, so that the year will not be bitter.

Tu Bi Shvat

Celebrated Tu Bi-Shvat January 25. In fact, it is the end of the tax year. The holiday proceeds from the tradition according to which taxes were levied on that day. They were calculated by the fruits ripened in the trees before that day. Residents paid tithing on all profits.

On this day, the Jews praise the trees, thank for the fruits that they bring. All actions are aimed at unity with nature, because man is its integral part.

Not so long ago, the locals had another tradition - to plant trees under the hymn being sung.

On this day on the table must be present:

  • Dates.
  • Wheat kernels or wheat.
  • Garnet.
  • Grapes
  • Olives.
  • Figs
  • Barley.

European New Year

In Israel, the European New Year is not a public holiday. It is marked mainly by the Russian-speaking population and tourists, but with these traditions are considered the authorities and local residents.

To celebrate the classic New Year in the resorts of Israel, many Russians are sent, so the locals are preparing for the holiday to ensure a pleasant stay for guests. Not so long ago, they even started growing trees that look like trees, which is very cute.

Before the onset of the festive night, tourists visit the sights. Entertainment programs are offered in bars, restaurants and hotels.

Video plot

Some people prefer to go shopping and supermarkets these days, because the New Year sales are starting.

How to congratulate friends and family on the Jewish New Year

The main thing is that the gift bears some meaning, so each person gets a special thing. If you live far away, send a postcard of congratulations. You can send a gift if you can.

Helpful information

  1. The difference between the Jewish and Christian calendar is 3,761 days.
  2. Russian-speaking residents of the country celebrate the standard for Russia New Year December 31.
  3. Since 2019, the Israeli authorities signed a bill that allowed to make noise on the night of December 31 to January 1.
  4. European New Year was celebrated before, but many had to pay fines for a noisy pastime.
  5. Apples and bread are dipped in honey so that the New Year is joyful and sweet.

Any traveler will be interested in visiting Israel, seeing unique sights, relaxing in the resorts of the Red and Dead Sea, and getting a lot of positive emotions.

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