Japanese camellia: varieties, planting and care at home, reviews, photos
Japanese camellia is an evergreen shrub or a small tree of the Tea family. It is distributed in the subtropical and tropical zones of East and Southeast Asia, on the Philippine Islands, in Japan, Korea and on the Indochina Peninsulas.
The leaves are ordinary, glossy, oval, leathery, blunt or sharp, grow 1 each, there are 2-3 pieces. The flowers are quite decorative, individual, large, axillary with a halo, consist of 5 petals, as well as masses of stamens folded in a bunch. The palette of tones is limitless - from white to red, scarlet, pink with various transitional colors. Often flowers are bicoloured, with all kinds of stripes, specks, divorces and spots.
Japanese camellia varieties
Many flower varieties have gained widespread popularity as significant ornamental, flowering and evergreen crops.They are freely used for gardening interiors, drawing up expositions in parks during the summer season and even as tea. This is the Japanese camellia, the photo of which is presented below.
Its bush grows in height to 3-4 m, with thin branches and bright red pubescent flowers. The leaves are elliptical or oblong-oval in shape, 3–6 cm in length, 1.5–3 cm wide. The tops are slightly sharp, the edges are finely toothed, dark green and glossy on the outside, hairy-hairy on the inside.
The flowers are single or connected to 2-3 pieces, 6-7 cm in diameter, the usual white, red or pink, with a scent. Good bloom in November and January. Gardeners propagate, as a rule, garden varieties as evergreens. Japanese camellia (mountain) is also suitable for cold rooms.
The homeland of such a plant is the subtropical and tropical mountain forests of Indochina. It is a small tree or shrub up to 10 m tall with standing shoots. Leaves are normal, oblong-oval, narrowed upward, short-petiolate. Outside they are dark green in color, from the bottom of green, 5-7 cm long, 3-4 cm wide. Young leaves are slightly pubescent. In the flesh of the leaves there are spreading bearing sclereides.
Flowers solitary, fragrant or are 2-4 in the grooves of the leaves. Coloristics and bracts are placed on a curve. Calyx srosnolistnaya, has 5-7 sepals rounded, lingering on the fetus. A corolla at a plant in the diameter of 2,5-3 cm, after blossoming falls down. Contains from 5 to 9 white with a golden-pink color of the petals, connected to each other and with the cup in the center. Stamens are located in two rings: external splices with staminate threads and implant themselves on the petals, the lower ones are independent with small ovate anthers. Ginetsi - Sincarp with columns connected to the core.
Camellia Japanese (Chinese) has fruits in the form of flat tricuspid woody boxes. Their seeds are rounded, dark chestnut color, 10-13 mm in length, 1 mm thick. Blooms from early August until the end of the autumn period. Harvest gives in October-December.
This type of culture is found in the forests and on the banks of China’s rivers at elevations from 500 to 1300 m above the sea. The oil plant is an evergreen tree in height up to 10 m. The trunk is covered with a brown crust, it is up to 20 cm in diameter. Leaves are leathery, ordinary, petiole, alternate, egg-shaped, pointed at the top.White flowers bisexual, paired, axillary or single, grow in September. The time of their blooming lasts until mid-October. Japanese camellia (oilseed) is distinguished by the fruit in the form of a large box with a lot of spherical seeds up to 3 cm long.
How to care for the culture at home
Most gardeners consider the plant very demanding to care and breeding conditions. This position was formed due to its periodic dropping of buds or leaves. To protect against unpleasant shedding, you need to keep the flower in a suitable environment for it.
Culture will grow 100% at home if it is put in a cool room. Camellias do not like when they are turned relative to the source of light or transferred to another place. The flower gives preference to spaces with fresh air, with the exception of drafts. In this case, he will be born various diseases.
Japanese camellia, reviews of which can be heard only good, loves acidic soil. And therefore, for its flowering and development, special earthen mixtures are needed, produced from well-sifted sand and peat.Remarkably suitable mixture for rhododendrons, which can absolutely satisfy all the needs of the plant.
Separately harvested soil mixtures have a weak acid reaction. This means that they do not contain lime. In addition, for watering flowers in the water should not be calcium salts. Consequently, it takes half a day to insist on water before irrigation if it is not possible to use filtered water.
Japanese camellia (the photo of which is presented just below) is considered a mountainous culture, therefore it needs light in large quantities for its flowering. However, direct sunlight is harmful to her. For the summer season, the flower can be taken out into the fresh air, remembering protection from the sun.
In addition, to accumulate forces for the next full bloom, Japanese plants need a period of rest. To ensure it, after flowering, reduce watering and stop feeding camellias. Only with such conscientious care will the culture once again delight the household with its chic bloom.
In the summer season, the flower is watered sufficiently and evenly after the outer layer of the substrate dries,so the camellia is not bursting. Care at home in order to avoid souring the earth implies a reduction in watering. Due to the soil deoxidation, the leaves of the plant turn brown and the buds fall. From prolonged desiccation culture discards leaves. A flower badly withstands an increased calcium content in running water, therefore it is necessary to water it with soft defended water. At the stage of development of flower ovaries (in August), it is required to dry the substrate a little, just not until perfect drying.
Camellia in the spring and summer prefers the temperature of not less than 20-25 degrees. To lay the kidneys, a temperature of 18–20 degrees is needed, and in the period of blooming in December and February - 9–12 degrees. With an increased temperature, flowering begins earlier, but the peculiarity of the flowers will be much worse, and there is a risk that the Japanese camellia will fold their buds. Care of the plant in such a situation would already be inappropriate.
Transplantation and reproduction
Culture should dive during rest (in it it resides at the end of flowering), but no later than the end of July. The best time is when some buds are preserved on the plant, but the ovaries of the leaves have not yet opened.
Bred flowers crown cuttings along the length of 6-8 cm, not yet had time to woody. Perform this in January, as well as in July. The most suitable for these requirements is the indoor greenhouse. When a root system forms on the cuttings (this will come after 2 months as a result of their disembarking), they can be planted in the same place. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the neck of a camellia, located between the trunk and roots, should not be covered with soil, and then the plant may disappear.
Camellia Pests and Diseases
In comparison with other cultures, such flowers practically do not fall ill. On the houseplant may appear aphid, which is usually sprayed with a mixture of oil emulsions with soap. Such a solution is much safer for people than chemicals. In addition to aphids, such emulsions neutralize the scutes and spider mites. But the most serious indisposition of camellia is root rot due to waterlogging, unsuitable soil and elevated temperature. When such a disease in the flower leaves begin to fall off. Save the culture can only be reduced irrigation.
Of course, many already know how beautiful and luxurious Japanese camellia looks.Planting and caring for her will not be burdensome for anyone.