Immunomodulators for the child: a list. Should I give the child immunomodulators? Immunomodulators for children under 3 years
According to statistics, only 30% of newborns are completely healthy. By the age of 18, the number of such children reaches only 10%. When observing this statistic, there are questions: who is to blame and what to do now? Answer the first of them is quite difficult. After all, genetic predisposition, medical errors, wrong lifestyle, adverse environmental factors, stress are involved here. It is much more important to answer the second question. Doctors recommend to strengthen the immune system.
The benefits of drugs
In recent years, immunomodulators for children are very popular. They are prescribed to babies in order to prevent the flu and to fight it.Most parents ask themselves: how necessary are such preparations for the crumbs? And can we do without them? After all, any medicine, even tasty, is primarily a drug drug. The use of such funds for children should be fully justified, as safe as possible and, most importantly, sufficiently effective.
So why bother with immunomodulators for a child? Such drugs help to increase the body's natural defense. In other words, they activate immunity. Thanks to immunomodulators, the children's body is able to produce substances that destroy toxins and viruses much faster. Without such medications, it will take more time to produce the required amount of substances (antibodies and interferons) necessary for treatment. Unfortunately, as long as the body prepares itself for the fight, viruses can easily outrun it. In this case, the baby gets sick.
Thus, immunomodulators for children are invaluable. The body of the baby is ready at any moment to fight off a viral infection.
Damage to immunomodulators
But are these drugs safe? Consider what happens in a child's body when using immunomodulators for a child. These drugs nonspecificly stimulate the immune system. They contain substances antigens. For the immune system of the child is an alien component. Accordingly, the body begins to produce antibodies to neutralize the antigens that have entered inside.
Thus, the used immunomodulators for the child start the process of producing substances that do not fight with the necessary virus. This significantly depletes its own immunity as a result of increased stimulation. Indeed, in the body there is a strong release of antibodies, currently completely unnecessary.
Unfortunately, today many parents use immunomodulators for the child with almost every cold. The crumb does not cease to be ill. But he still continues to give such drugs. In this case, there is a vicious circle: the crumb constantly catches cold, it often uses immunomodulators, the immune system is seriously depleted, the baby is sick more often.
These drugs are actively introduced into the immune system and can cause serious harm to health. After all, they greatly undermine the body's defenses.Immunity of the child is the foundation, the foundation of his health. To use such medicines uncontrollably is extremely dangerous.
When is immunomodulator treatment justified?
Contrary to popular belief, a kid who has had 3-4 colds during the year does not need to use the above drugs at all. Doctors say diseases help stimulate the immune system. Thus, the child's body begins to recognize alien agents, learns to respond to them correctly.
So is it worth it to give the child immunomodulators for colds, if the number of diseases is not an indicator of a low level of immunity? Parents who use these drugs, you must first firmly make sure that the defenses of the child’s body are really weakened.
Doctors give several signs by which you can determine a low level of immunity:
- The baby has suffered more than 5 times during the year from colds and viral infections.
- In diseases, the temperature does not rise.
- The child is experiencing general weakness, headache. There is marked fatigue, pale skin.However, these symptoms can signal a blood disorder. To determine the true cause of such symptoms can only be a doctor.
- Disturbed sleep The baby may suffer from insomnia or increased sleepiness.
- An increase in the spleen.
- Baby is suffering from food allergies.
- Enlarged cervical, axillary lymph nodes. At the same time, they are completely painless.
- Dysbacteriosis is observed, accompanied by abdominal distention, impaired stool, rumbling, loss of appetite. Sometimes a child loses weight.
- The baby has flaky skin, dull hair, bitten. The nails are very brittle and stratified.
The line between normal functioning and reduced immunity is quite thin. Therefore, do not try to solve the problem yourself. Only doctors can answer whether to give children immunomodulators. Do not forget that the incorrect use of these medicines can cause irreparable harm to the health of the crumbs.
The need to maintain immunity may occur after a serious illness or surgery. As a result of such factors, defenses are seriously weakened.However, do not forget that only a pediatrician can prescribe immunomodulators. Preparations for children should promote health, not harm.
In medicine, developed many classifications of these drugs. One of them is shown below:
- Interferons. Medicines are prescribed to crumbs to inhibit the development of viral infections. The most popular are the drugs "Viferon", "Kipferon".
- Stimulants. For enhanced production of interferon in the child's body, these immunomodulators are used. The list of drugs for children of this group contains "Cycloferon", "Anaferon", "Arbidol".
- Bacterial medications. They contain neutralized fragments of pathogens. The most popular drugs are Bronchomunal, Ribomunil, IRS 19, Likopid.
- Herbal preparations. A fairly effective medicine is Immunal, which contains Echinacea. “Bioaron C” is considered to be an excellent immunomodulator, consisting of aloe, black chokeberry. No less effective drugs ginseng, Schizandra Chinese.
Consider the most popular and popular immunomodulators for children.The list of such drugs is quite extensive. Let's stop on the most effective.
This drug has two effects. It activates the body's defenses and blocks the spread of viruses. This allows you to influence the infection in a complex. The drug has excellent antiviral and immunomodulatory properties. This tool is allowed to receive even babies who are 1 month old.
The drug "Anaferon" is prescribed by pediatricians in the case of:
- flu, ARVI;
- cytomegalovirus, herpes infection (acute, chronic form);
- for the prevention of complications after SARS, flu;
- immunodeficiency states;
- for the treatment of mixed and bacterial infections.
However, this tool can sometimes provoke unpleasant side reactions, such as allergies.
Looking for immunomodulators for children up to a year? This tool, as well as the drug "Anaferon", can be used for very young children. Moreover, the drug "Viferon" (candles) is allowed to use for newborn babies and premature babies. It has excellent antiviral, immunomodulatory, anti-proliferative properties.
The drug is widely demanded:
- in infectious and inflammatory pathologies;
In case of hypersensitivity to the components of this tool, it should not be used. Sometimes the crumbs can develop an allergic reaction in the form of itching, skin rashes. With the abolition of the drug phenomenon disappears within 72 hours.
This is a homeopathic remedy that comes in drops and tablets. Both dosage forms are excellent immunomodulators for children under 3 years of age. Only drops are recommended for crumbs from the 1st year of life, and pills can be taken at any age.
The drug provides the following effects:
Pediatricians prescribe the drug "Aflubin" (drops) in the following pathologies:
- inflammation in the ENT organs;
- infections in the tracheobronchial tree.
Sometimes with the use of medication in an infant, salivation may increase.
What other immunomodulators are used for children under 3 years of age? Quite effective is the drug "Laferobion". It is allowed to apply even to newborns up to one month.
The tool has excellent antiviral, immunomodulatory, antitumor properties. Doctors prescribe the drug in complex therapy to combat infections caused by:
- herpes viruses;
- bacterial infections;
- hepatitis viruses.
In addition, the drug is in demand in the treatment of cancer.
The drug can cause side effects that resemble flu-like syndrome. It is absolutely not recommended to use this tool on your own, because it can provoke a malfunction of many systems.
The drug is strictly prohibited in severe pathologies of the kidneys and liver.
The drug is available as a spray. It is a comprehensive tool that allows you to deal with the most common pathogens of respiratory infections. The action of the drug is aimed at stimulating specific and nonspecific defense mechanisms in the airways. Thus, it activates phagocytosis, increases the production of antibodies, contributes to the enhancement of interferon and lysozyme.
The drug is prescribed if the child has:
- otitis media;
- infectious-allergic bronchial asthma;
- complications of influenza and SARS.
In the initial stages of treatment, a child may have rhinorrhea (runny nose). Very rarely, the drug "IRS 19" provokes allergic reactions: urticaria, rash on the skin, angioedema.
The drug activates cellular and humoral immunity. The ribosomes contained in the preparation possess antigens identical to the bacterial ones. When ingested, they stimulate the production of specific antibodies to these microorganisms. The effect of the drug resembles the effect of oral vaccine This tool is allowed to use babies from 6 months.
The drug is usually prescribed for the following factors:
- recurrent and persistent infections in the ENT organs;
- prolonged inflammatory processes in the airways;
- chronic pathologies of ENT organs;
- bronchial asthma;
- Chronical bronchitis;
- often ill children as a preventive measure.
The drug has some side effects, among which may be vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, allergic reactions.
The drug has a direct antiviral effect. It perfectly activates the synthesis of cytokines, has an excellent immunomodulatory effect. This tool stimulates the production of interferon in the body.
It has a complex effect on the immune system. The drug reduces the viral load, and this increases the synthesis of endogenous interferon. This action leads to an increase in the body's resistance to various viral infections.
Pediatricians prescribe this tool in a number of pathologies:
- ARVI, flu, parainfluenza;
- pathologies provoked by the herpes virus;
- adenoviral, rhinovirus infections;
- viral bronchitis;
- Epstein-Barr disease;
- diseases that are provoked by cytomegalovirus;
- pathologies caused by HPV (human papillomavirus);
- viral hepatitis.
This tool is not assigned to crumbs suffering from urolithiasis. Extremely rarely, adverse reactions can occur: nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea, constipation, painful discomfort in the epigastric region, headache, elevated transaminase level, dizziness,sleep disturbance, skin rash, arthralgia.
This tool is an excellent recombinant interferon. In other words, the medicine is obtained synthetically. Donor blood was not used for its manufacture. This makes the drug safe. Due to this property, the medicine can be used for infants.
The tool immediately penetrates into the source of infection, in which it begins to fight pathogenic microorganisms. The medicine practically does not get to the general blood flow.
The tool is available in the form of drops intended for the nose. It activates humoral and cellular immunity, increases the immunity of cells to pathogenic viruses, fungi, bacteria. The drug can be administered to infants from the first months.
Drops "Derinat" are used for the treatment and prevention of SARS. In this case, compared with the drug "Grippferon" this tool is much more effective.
As you can see, a lot of effective tools designed for crumbs. However, it is important to remember that only a pediatrician can select the best immunomodulator for children.Trust the health of your kids to professionals!