Icelandic language: history and general characteristics
The history of the development of the Icelandic language begins approximately from the 9th century. Over time, the speech of the Icelandic peoples was constantly changing, spreading and being used in many territories. However, now this language is official only in one country - Iceland. Although true carriers can be found throughout the world. What are the main features of the Icelandic language?
Initially, this language was developed and transmitted orally, and writing was based on the Latin alphabet, but it began to evolve around the XII century. Surprising is the fact that Icelandic dialect has not changed much since that time. Language is only slightly modified due to the fact that it is required to describe the current things, buildings, phenomena of nature and science. However, if you ever go to this country, you will not have to be upset, since most Icelanders speak English fluently.The people in this country are very proud of their language, esteems it and considers it a cultural value. Therefore, in the country you can definitely meet his kind of advertising.
How to understand the conversation between people? How to translate into Icelandic if you lack skills? Since this speech is one of the most ancient, many people resort to reading sagas. Naturally, many words did not exist at that time, but they are needed at the present time. Icelanders coped with this problem in this way: they try to replace words that were borrowed from English with Icelandic. Moreover, such expressions may not directly show the meaning, but be like a hint, a key to the true meaning of words.
Is it possible to learn the Icelandic language by yourself? You can, of course, but it will require considerable effort. But, as in any other language, there is a mass of various methods that will help to learn and master the main points. Icelanders, by the way, have no names. A person has a patronymic that comes from his father’s name and a special prefix relating to the designation of whether he is a daughter or a son.
Is Icelandic difficult? Rather yes than no. Because of its ancient origin and the desire of Icelanders to preserve their dialect in this form. To study it you need to be approached very seriously, listen to special original recordings, and it is better to communicate directly with the media. In Icelandic, the grammar is very complex, verb conjugations and noun declensions are preserved precisely in the ancient form. Phonetics in exact form can only be transmitted by its true carriers. Pronunciation is very difficult. Of course, it is also worth considering how far away Icelandic speech is from the one you speak. Many people think that the greater the difference in languages, the more difficult it is to learn a foreign language. And this statement has all the reasons for its existence. However, everything is possible, if you make an effort.
Icelanders treat their language with great respect and protect it in every way. For example, from the occurrence of foreign words. That is why there is a special document in the state in which the permitted names are written. Icelandic language allows the replenishment of these names, but they must meet special requirements: free entry into the structure of the language, as well as the opportunity to use them to form a special prefix that replaces the last name.
If the name does not fit these requirements, it will not be approved and it simply will not be entered into the document. Accordingly, this name will not belong to the child. However, such cases are few.
But how do citizens who come from other states live there? Previously, such people necessarily needed to choose a name and a prefix for it from the Icelandic language, but now such a procedure is not required.
Words and Dialects
It should be noted that pure Icelandic language, in which words were not borrowed from others, contains two dialects used in the communication of Icelanders. Northern and southern dialects differ slightly in pronunciation from each other. In addition, in schools it is mandatory to study Danish or English, as the next most important after the main. What is surprising is that the Icelanders were able to preserve and carry their dialects through such a temporary period, retaining their main features.
They also include sign language. The alphabet consists of Latin letters with the addition of some others. Icelandic language is used not only in his native state, it is also freely spoken in other countries: the USA, Denmark, Canada and Russia. But most of these people are students.
Is it difficult to speak Icelandic? Is it difficult to read their literature? These questions are answered differently. The Icelandic language, the rules of reading, pronunciation and spelling in which are peculiar in nature, is easy for some people, and for some people, in general, it is beyond their power. To master it, you need to remember a simple set of rules and follow them later.
The first syllable in any case falls the main stress, even if the words are foreign. Expressions of complex shape have either an additional stress, or several such stresses on the following syllables. Often unstressed and stressed syllables alternate. A characteristic feature of the Icelandic language is the so-called aspiration in the pronunciation of words. The syllables that are stressed are always long. In syllables where stress is absent, longitude varies or fluctuates. And many of the sounds that exist in the Icelandic language can be spoken only if you pronounce them in a whisper. Therefore, to speak the language of Icelanders is not so simple.
Love your language
The Icelandic language carries so much cultural value that it is not surprising that even an annual holiday is celebrated in its honor.On this occasion, there are all sorts of festivals, traditional festivities, where anyone can not just talk in this language, but also learn a lot of interesting and new things about him. Icelanders generally believe: if you speak their language, then you are part of their country. If you know about their culture, about the history of development, if you love this part of the earth, then you are at home. They treat such people in a special way, as if such a person is part of their own home and family. The authorities of the country very much welcome and actively support all films, songs, books that are published in Icelandic.
Special admiration is caused not only by the fact that the carriers keep and transmit from generation to generation, almost without changes, the Icelandic language, but also remember their history and traditions very well. This applies not only to fairly adult citizens, but also to young people. Icelanders are always trying to help each other. They can participate in organizing a wedding celebration or funeral. If for some reason the family was left homeless or ruined, the state takes care of her.
Icelanders very often include horse meat in their diet, they cook a lot of various dishes from it. And with a cup of black coffee begins every morning.This is one of the few countries where centuries-old traditions have been preserved and the principle of mutual assistance is actively applied. Not many people can boast of such principles, therefore the people of Iceland are so proud of their culture. And it is well deserved!