Hypothyroidism: Symptoms and Treatment
Hypothyroidism, the symptoms of which are quite diverse, is a very common and insidious disease. It is primary (developed due to dysfunction of the thyroid gland) and secondary.
This disease is more common in women. It is the result of iodine deficiency, mechanical damage to the thyroid, autoimmune, as well as some infectious diseases. Sometimes there are congenital disorders of the synthesis of hormones or toxic lesions of the body - they can also provoke hypothyroidism. Symptoms are often associated with the etiology of the disease. In all cases in the patient's body the metabolic rate decreases, the volume of consumed oxygen decreases. And in connection with this all anabolic processes are inhibited. This is manifested in strong systemic edema. The breakdown of connective tissue protein causes water retention in the body. In this regard, the swelling is constant and does not depend on the amount of fluid that takes the patient.Of the most common symptoms, hypothermia and eye problems can also be called. It is on them that patients who have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism most often complain. Symptoms can still be associated with weight gain (initially, weight problems are confused with edema) and hair loss.A number of disorders that neuropathologists usually treat are also associated with this disease. These are drowsiness, asthenia, lethargy and irritability. Patients often develop depression, tachycardia, or convulsions. It is advisable to inform patients that the prognosis for hypothyroidism is often favorable. Especially if it is not running and did not have time to be complicated by cardiovascular diseases.
Subclinical hypothyroidism: symptoms and treatment
Often this ailment appears quite specific when all the symptoms are not sufficiently expressed. This is called subclinical hypothyroidism. To identify the disease in this case, you can pass the analysis for thyroid hormones. This form of hypothyroidism is quite common in adults and the elderly.More rarely, it is congenital. In this form of the disease, the body still suffers from a hormone deficiency, which is characterized by hypothyroidism. The symptoms prescribed by the endocrinologist are associated with a change in metabolism.Sometimes women may notice irregular menstruation, sudden mood swings. The reason is that the whole hormonal background of the body changes. He becomes unstable. Analysis to establish the stage of the disease sometimes have to take several times. Ultrasound of the thyroid gland is also shown - it will help identify the degree of enlargement of the thyroid gland. Sometimes the impetus for the development of the disease (if there is a predisposition) becomes pregnancy. Hypothyroidism should be treated with replacement therapy. It can have side effects such as weight gain, anxiety, and neurotic manifestations. Observing the doctor will help compensate for these unpleasant consequences.