How will it be right: to be offended or offended?
How to properly write: offended or offended? The answer to this question you can find out from the article.
To be offended or offended? Everyone who does not know the simplest rules of the Russian language thinks about the spelling of this word. After all, the topic of conjugation of verbs are still in the 5-6th grade of the general education school. If you are one of those people who forgot the spelling of the part of speech presented, then this article will help you a lot.
Conjugation of verbs
To understand how the word "offended" is written, it should be remembered that almost all verbs refer to two conjugations, which, in fact, are called: the first and the second.
Each of them has its own characteristics, the knowledge of which allows you to accurately write unstressed endings with the letters "and" and "e". Let us consider them in more detail.
The first conjugation
To determine this or that conjugation one can bythe initial form of the verb that answers questions such as "what to do?" or "what to do?". In that case, if the word in the infinitive ends in -yat, -at, -et, -em and -other, then this is the first conjugation. However, this applies only to those verbs whose endings are in an unstressed position.
It should be specially noted that in the words of the firstThe conjugations of the ending may be: -em, -you, -y, -et, -et, -yu, -yut, -out. Let's give an example: read - read, write - write, dance - dance, dance - dance, etc.
So how should you write: offended or offended? According to the described rule, this word must be written "offended". This is true, but it does not apply to the 1st conjugation. What is the reason for this? After all, in the initial form, the word "offend" ends in -et. The fact is that it belongs to the category of exceptions, which we will discuss below.
The second conjugation
About how to write "offended", you can learn fromrule relating to the second conjugation. It should be specially noted that it refers to those verbs that have the following ending (in an indefinite form): -it. However, such words as "steal" and "shave" are included in the category of exceptions. They refer to the 1st conjugation. Accordingly, these words tend to be as follows: shave, shave, shave, stele, etc.
So, the verbs of the second conjugation in different facescan have such endings as -im, -you, -it, -it, -at, -yat. Let's give examples: talk - talk, carry - wear, walk - walk, smoke - smoke, build - build, etc.
Exceptions to the rules
So how will it be right: to offend or offend? The fact is that the presented verb is included in the list of eleven words-exceptions. Accordingly, it refers to the second conjugation, even though it ends in -et. In addition to it, the list includes the following words: watch, hear, hate, see, hold, drive, endure, breathe, twirl, depend. What is the feature of these words? We will answer this question right now.
The rule of the Russian language on the conjugation of verbs
In Russian you can find the verb"Offended" (in the initial form), as well as the verb "offended" (that is, in the 3rd person singular number). Why are the same words, standing in different forms, so different? The answer to this question is a simple rule. Despite the fact that the word "offended" has an ending -et, it refers to not to the 1st conjugation, but to the second (together with other verbs that were listed earlier). In this regard, in the 2nd and 3rd person units. numbers, and also in the 1st and 2nd person of the plural, the endings of the verbs of the second conjugation should stand.
To permanently memorize this rule, we will decline this word by face:
1. The only number:
- I will offend;
- you will offend;
- he will offend.
- we will offend;
- you will offend;
- they will offend.
As you can see, this exception, which inthe indefinite form ends with -et, in certain persons has the ending of the second conjugation. That is why the answer to the question of how to properly write: offended or offended, will serve the first option. In other forms, this word will look like this: offended, offended, offended, offended. These are the rules of conjugation of verbs in the Russian language. They should be remembered or written in a separate table, and if necessary used as a cheat sheet.
The described rule concerns not only the verb "to offend", but also the other 10 words that are included in the exclusion. In order to remember them, we will decline in the same way:
- hear: hear - hear - hear - hear - hear - hear - hear;
- see: see - see - see - see - see - see - see;
- hold: hold - hold - hold - hold - hold - hold;
- hate: hate - hate - hate - hate - hate - hate;
- endure: tolerate, tolerate, tolerate, tolerate, tolerate, tolerate;
- To offend: offend - offend - offend - offend - offend - offend;
- look: look - look - look - look - look - see;
- depend: depend - depend - depend - depend - depend - depend;
- breathe: breathe - breathe - breathe - breathe - breathe - breathe.
Now you know how to write words-exceptionsin different faces. This information will help you competently compose any text or write a letter, and do not think about what it takes to put a letter in verbs with an unstressed ending.