How to wipe the seams on the tile. How to wipe the seams on the tile
Quite often tile is used for cladding walls and floors in various rooms. This is not only practical, but also a beautiful finish. However, it can ruin the careless or unprofessional rubbing of seams. The joints are filled with a special compound, and this process has many nuances.How to wipe the seams on the tile so that the beautiful view of the decorated room is preserved for a long time? To understand this will help the knowledge of the subtleties of such work.
How to choose a trowelled mixture?
Before you rub the seams on the tile, you must purchase a grout. It is selected depending on the following factors:
- chemical composition;
- operating conditions facing coating;
- compatibility with the composition of the adhesive solution;
- width of space between adjacent tiles.
When choosing a color, many experts advise to acquire trowelled mixtures of darker tones than the tile floor itself.This will strictly emphasize the geometry of the tile and practically hide the dirt that will appear during operation.
Types of trowels
Before starting the lining process, you should find out what can wipe the tile seams in each case. To do this, it is important to understand what kind of compositions for rubbing.
By chemical components, they are classified into the following varieties:
- cement-sand grout;
- polymer cement compositions;
- epoxy-cement mixtures;
- epoxy grout;
- polymer blends based on silicone.
Cement-sand compositions are made from white cement with the addition of fine-grained pure sand. They are used for decorative decoration of seams in rooms characterized by moderate humidity and sparing conditions. The base must be concrete or brick, not subject to deformation. If you can not find the desired shade, you can get a white color and when preparing to add a dye.
Polymer-cement mixtures are similar in composition to cement-sand grout, but still contain polymer additives that make them more durable and moisture-resistant.The seams they lined are not subject to the formation of various defects, for example, cracks. Cement-sand and polymer cement grouting experts prefer for residential buildings and office space.
Epoxy-cement and epoxy compounds are used in both internal and external tile cladding. Due to their composition, they are able to withstand even the most aggressive operating conditions: foundations subject to deformation, increased humidity and adverse environmental effects. In terms of its composition, an epoxy-based grout viscous has the property to quickly set, therefore it requires active and skillful work. It is not suitable for mashing narrow tile spaces in residential premises, whose width varies between 3-6 mm, but will be an excellent solution for facing works on wide joints of various non-standard objects, for example, pools. This type of paste is used more often in industrial facilities.
Polymer mixtures are resistant to temperature fluctuations, therefore, they are successfully used when facing floor tiles with the “warm floor” system. They are inserted into the suture using a special syringe.
Before you rub the seams on the tile, it is necessary to prepare a building kit. It consists of the following components:
- special trowel grater or rubber spatula;
- small tray for mixing grout;
- water tank;
- soft cloth;
- foam sponge;
- Some professionals wear safety glasses, rubber gloves and a respirator when working.
Experts before rubbing the seams between the tiles hold preliminary measures to clean the inter-tile spaces. They remove all the remaining dividing crosses, despite the opinion of many manufacturers that they can be left and put the grout on top. Professionals say that in areas where there is a separator, the grout tone will be lighter after solidification - this will spoil the final result.
Some experts recommend cleaning the interplate space from dirt and excess solution using a minus screwdriver of a small size. This should be done carefully, so as not to accidentally break off the tile covering.After this procedure, everything is washed with ordinary water using a foam sponge.Before wiping the seams on the tile on the floor of the treated room should be well vacuumed.
For unglazed materials, prior light moistening of the top and side surfaces is required. This event will help get rid of excessive suction of moisture when applying grout. With a strong moisture zatirochnaya mass often spreads, so it is important not to overdo it. Grouting can be applied to the glazed tile without first wetting the side and top areas.
Before you rub the seams on the tile you need to properly prepare the grout. It will depend on the quality of work performed. This mass is prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions. Too liquid mixture for grouting can lead to cracking of the joint after drying, too thick will not fill the space of the entire joint. The mass should be homogeneous and resemble sour cream in its consistency. Convenient for mixing use construction mixer.
The finished paste should be used quickly, therefore knead it in small portions (about 300-500 grams at a time).
Applying the mash
Before wiping the seams on the tile on the floor or wall, read these recommendations of experts:
- rubbing is not done around the perimeter of the tile, but first in the horizontal direction, then in the vertical or vice versa;
- not to cover the whole area at once, but to allocate plots of approximately 1 sq. m. meter;
- the more paste goes into the seam, the better and stronger it will be during operation;
- the grout area must be wetted.
A small amount of the prepared paste for grouting is applied to the joint area and distributed through it using a trowel, which must be held at an angle of 30-40 ° to the surface to be treated.
It is important to know how to properly rub the seams of the tile in order to get a high-quality and neat result. To do this, you need 3-4 times to hold the seam, rubbing and deepening the mixture as carefully as possible into all the voids and corners. The interglacial area should be filled tightly to maximize the formation of voids between the tiles. Excess trowel paste cleaned by holding the grater diagonally to the seam. The tool is located at an angle of 90 ° to the treated area.Some experts recommend for this to have another spatula.
After about 15 minutes, the grout paste will dry out a bit. It's time to wipe the seams with a damp sponge in the same sequence as they were rubbed.Only when pressing on it with a uniform force seams with the same depth are obtained. It is necessary to do this at this stage, then it will be difficult to correct the result. The sponge is rinsed with plain water. The treated area is left to dry (on average, this process takes 12 hours).
You need to know how to rub the seams on the tile in the corners. To do this, use a special small spatula, designed for hard-to-reach places. Many specialists prefer to fill the corners and slotted spaces around the perimeter of shower enclosures, bathtubs, and sinks with silicone, which will guarantee the tightness of filling the entire seam and prevent the formation of cracks in the future. Before filling the interlayer space with silicone sealant, it is necessary to glue the edges of the tile with masking tape to avoid contamination.The sealer is pressed continuously, then leveled with a moistened rubber spatula. By removing the excess silicone, you can remove the scotch tape from the tiles.
You should know how to wipe the seams on the tile on the floor, so you do not accidentally spoil the result. To do this, many masters recommend, after rubbing, cover the treated area with a sheet of plywood and leave it until the final hardening of the paste. When the grout hardens, you need to start cleaning the tile. It is well washed with a wet sponge, and then rubbed with a dry cloth.
Anyone who does repairs on their own is interested in the question of how much it costs to rub the seams of a tile and lay it down, that is, what will be the savings for the budget. The cost of the services of a specialist in this work depends on the status of the master himself, the rating of his company, the size of the tile covering and the total area intended for laying and mashing. On average, professionals request about 600 rubles per 1 sq. M. for laying tiles of ordinary size with subsequent grouting, and within 950 rubles / 1 sq.m. for the same work with the mosaic.A separate service for mashing the area of inter tile space will cost approximately 100 rubles / 1 sq.m.