How are food flavors used?
Among the various chemicals that manufacturers add to food, flavoring agents can be distinguished in a separate group - they are used to create flavor, as well as to create or enhance certain smells of food products. These substances are added in such a way that the content of various aromatic components corresponds to their amount in a similar food, which, in this case, has not been subjected to special treatment. They are forbidden to use to change the smell of spoiled, expired or low-quality food.
Types of flavors
Those who are going to open a business in the food industry can benefit from a variety of food additives: many of them can be bought online. For example, ready-made flavors in St. Petersburg and various tools in St. Petersburg can be ordered on spb.all.biz.
To order the right flavor and not make a mistake in choosing, you must have at least a general idea of their types and types.
All flavors can be classified according to the following criteria:
- Sphere of use: gastronomic, beverage, confectionery, etc .;
- Condition: in the form of powder, emulsion, liquid, paste-like;
- Receiving method: reactionary, smoking, composition (separate elements and their mixtures).
In Russia, the so-called flavor, where flavor component has one or more drugs and / or natural ingredients. In Europe, the term "natural" is allowed to use for components or flavors that contain natural products or substances.
Naturally called flavor, in which the components are less than 95% composed of plant or animal sources. The concept of "natural flavor" can be used if the composition contains elements from different sources, while each separately does not affect the taste or aroma.
In America, natural flavoring is called essential oil, extract, essence, heating, fermentation, or roasting, where there are flavor elements of vegetables, fruits, juices, herbs, meat, eggs, seafood, dairy products, etc.
In the US, flavors are divided into three types:
- WONF - there is more than 51% of raw materials;
- FTNF - food extracts are available;
- Natural flavors - contain natural elements from any sources.
Flavors identical to natural
In Russia, they are defined as: flavoring, where the flavor component has one or more components that are identical to natural. They are the same as natural plant or animal compounds, but they are chemically produced. May contain natural elements.
According to GOST, they are defined as substances containing one or more components or preparations, of natural origin or identical to natural ones. They are synthesized artificially. In the European Union, the term “artificial flavors” is not used, and the category of aromatic substances includes only natural elements. In America, all flavors that cannot be classified as natural are classified as artificial.