How to treat apple trees in the fall to keep trees from frost and pests?
In September, gardeners begin to actively collectharvest of apples. Of course, the tree still bears fruit, and the harvest is not fully assembled, but it's time to take care of preserving the apple tree in the winter period. Therefore, it is worth developing a plan for caring for the tree in the fall. Usually such a plan includes the following care work: feeding, watering, cleaning the trunk and whitewash, warming the barrel during the cold period, preventing pests and diseases.
How to treat apple trees in the fall?
Dry and sunny September is the time forgood watering of the soil under the tree along the perimeter of the crown and to a depth of up to one and a half meters. The amount of water depends on the growth of the crown (5-25 buckets). Such careful watering is done in order to saturate the apple tree tissues with moisture, otherwise the tree may undergo a freezing.
It is necessary to feed apple-trees with phosphorus-potashfertilizers. It is best to water and feed the tree at the same time. After all, fertilizers in liquid form will be better absorbed. You can buy ready-made autumn top dressing for fruit trees or prepare a mixture of home. How to treat apple trees in the fall? For this, a couple of tablespoons of superphosphate (granulated double) and one tablespoon of potassium are bred in a bucket of water (10 liters). The solution is poured under the tree at the rate of 10 l / 1 sq. M. m. After the procedure, the ground under the tree should be covered. But fertilizers with nitrogen content in the autumn can not feed apples! Nitrogen can reduce the hardiness of wood.
Clean and whitewash the trunk
From the tree are removed and burn trapped belts,then the barrel and crown are cleaned with plastic or wooden scrapers. The goal is to remove lichens, moss and the old bark. The removed garbage is burnt. It is more convenient to do this if you lay some material before the cleaning under the tree - all garbage will fall on it. It is best to clean the tree after the rain, the wet bark will lag easier.
After such a cleaning on the tree, wounds may appearand the damage that needs to be processed. How to treat apple trees in the fall? Such "abrasions" should be wiped with hydrogen peroxide or zelenok and covered with garden varnish. At the end of October, you need to plan a whitewash. This is done for several reasons: for the prevention of various diseases, from freezing and sunburn. How to treat apple trees in the fall? To do this, you need to buy a whitewash at a specialized store. To further protect the tree from frosts and rodent attacks, its trunk can be tied with burlap. Below the burlap is covered with earth, so that the pest can not penetrate inside the insulation.
How to handle apple trees for prevention? After the fall of the leaves, the tree is sprinkled with iron sulfate. Also from pests, apple trees are often treated with a 4% urea solution, which is diluted in the proportion of 1 tsp. for 10 liters. water. Than to process an apple tree trunk from pests and not to harm a tree? The simplest recipe is made from common salt, which is prepared in the proportion of 1 kg per 10 liters of water.
Such autumn prevention will help to preserve fruit trees and allow them to calmly winter.