How to determine the inclination of the verb?

Alexander Smaznev
Alexander Smaznev
November 26, 2014
How to determine the inclination of the verb?

What is a verb inclination? This is a grammatical category expressing the modality of the verb, that is, the reality or unreality of action in relation to reality, as well as the desirability or undesirability of action for the speaker. For more details, see the articles What is a Verb and What Are Verbs?

Verbs of the Russian language can be used in three moods: indicative, conditional and imperative. Consider each mood in more detail.

Indicative

The indicative mood of the verb is used to convey the presence or absence of action within the framework of any tense (past, present, or future). The main difference between verbs in the imperative mood is that they can vary at times. For more information about the time of verbs, see the article How to determine the time of a verb. So, if a verb stands in the present, past or future tenses and conveys a real action, then it is used in the indicative mood.

Example: A cup is standing (standing, will stand) on the table.

Conditional mood

Used to express an action that can only be performed under certain conditions. A distinctive feature is the addition of the “would” (“b”) particle, which can be placed in any place of the sentence. Used only in the past tense.

Example: A cup would stand on the table if he had not taken it.

Imperative mood

Serves to transmit the speaker's will (request, advice, order). Most often stands in the second person. The number in this case can be both singular and plural. Example: Put (put) a cup on the table.

If the imperative verb is used in the third person, then it will definitely have a future tense, and the words “let” (sometimes “yes”) will be added to it. Example: Let him put a cup on the table.

If such a verb is used in the first person, then it necessarily has a plural number. Sometimes the word "come on" is added. Example: [Come on] Put the cup on the table. With all these signs, we can say that the verb is used in the imperative mood.

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