Hormone estradiol: what it is, deviations and the norm
Estradiol is the female sex hormone. Ovaries and adrenal glands are responsible for its production, and the level changes depending on the stage of the menstrual cycle. This hormone is produced in both men and women. It is estradiol that is important for the formation of the female reproductive system; both the physical and psychological state of a woman depend on it. Today we talk about this hormone and its value for the female body.
Hormone estradiol - what is it?
As we said, the level of the hormone in the blood is determined by the phase of the menstrual cycle: at the beginning of it, the amount of the hormone is high, and after passing ovulation, the body produces progesterone. But it is estradiol that is responsible for the proper development of the egg. The maximum hormone concentration leads to follicle withdrawal. In addition, this hormone is involved in the formation of the uterine cavity. What does it mean when a hormone estradiol is elevated in women? About this - below.
With a peak amount of hormone in the body, a woman is very attractive and sexy. As a rule, this is the moment when ovulation occurs, which is a favorable time for fertilization. During this period, men note that a woman is particularly beautiful and desirable, and therefore estradiol is often called the hormone of beauty. With regular production of the hormone in sufficient quantities, the woman has excellent tone, mood and healthy sleep. In addition, thanks to estradiol, wrinkles are smoothed, the body maintains a normal level of cholesterol and pressure, and vision is preserved. It is also necessary to start all metabolic processes in the body. If a woman's body for some reason produces an insufficient amount of this hormone, the doctor prescribes a drug that compensates for the lack of the hormone estradiol. What it is, we explained.
Once again about functions
The main purpose of this hormone in the body is to ensure the growth of the follicle and the development of the functional layer of the epidermis. By the time of passage of ovulation, its thickness should be no more than one centimeter.A small amount of this hormone in the female body leads to the fact that the follicle does not mature, that is, ovulation does not occur. In this case, even if the egg cell was fertilized, miscarriage most often occurs. This hormone in the form of a medicine is used to treat a variety of pathologies, for example, when ovarian cysts occur. In addition, there is evidence that this hormone is able to cope with cirrhosis of the liver in the initial stage and breast cancer. In certain cases, the hormone can be used as a means of emergency contraception: you need to take it immediately after sexual contact.
If there is a lack of estrogen, the hormone must be taken within three weeks, then a break in treatment is given for 1 week and the course is repeated. As a maximum, such treatment can last for six months, after which an examination should be carried out. Once again I want to say that it is estradiol that is responsible for the beauty and attractiveness of a woman: thanks to him, the formation of feminine proportions, a magnificent breast, a slim waist and beautiful hips. Eyes sparkle, mood improves, libido increases.At the normal level of the hormone in the body, women's skin is always velvety and soft. In addition, the presence of estradiol prevents the appearance of hair in places not typical for women: the chin, hands, chest and abdomen. Estradiol provides full formation of fat and bone tissue, fiber. A positive effect on the work of the vessels, which are located in the uterus. It retains sodium and fluid in the body, helps reduce stress and irritable condition. Production in the body occurs mainly in the period from 15.00 to 18.00. The largest amount of hormone is formed in the female body during pregnancy, after the child is born, the level of the hormone gradually returns to normal. Also, the production of the hormone estradiol (what it is, it is interesting to many) decreases with age, in the menopausal period, production is close to the male indicators.
To obtain reliable data is sufficient to pass a blood test. In general, it must be taken from 8 to 11 am, at the end of the menstrual cycle. Before it it is necessary to exclude: overwork, playing sports, smoking and the use of alcoholic beverages. Do not have sex, try not to eat.
What is the norm among women of the hormone estradiol?
Norm and deviation from it
Ideal is the situation in which the amount of female hormone is balanced by the amount of testosterone. But as we know, estradiol is always different and is influenced by too many factors: age, phase of menstruation, pregnancy. The highest amount of hormones will be immediately before ovulation and during gestation. The value can vary from 210 to 2700 pg / ml. The hormone will reach the maximum indicator by the moment of delivery, after which it will gradually decrease. At the beginning of the cycle, the estradiol level will vary from 57 to 227 pg / ml. Elevated rates are observed in young girls at a time when puberty occurs. By the time a woman starts menopause, these figures are approaching a minimum. Norm hormone estradiol in women in menopausemay range from zero to 54 pg / ml.
Lowering the level of female hormone
Low estradiol levels lead to some changes in the female body that are of great importance when planning a pregnancy.This process is accompanied by irregular menstruation until their complete disappearance. If the cause of irregular menstruation is reduced estradiol, then they will be very painful. In addition, in this case, the woman is subject to strong irritability, nervousness, symptoms of what is usually called PMS. Also, there is increased fatigue, headache, a change in the level of blood pressure and a decrease in body weight. Lowering the level of this hormone may be accompanied by such unpleasant symptoms as hair growth in places not typical for women. In this case, the figure is more like a male with wide shoulders and narrow hips.
The reasons that the estradiol hormone in women is lowered can be a number of factors:
- Hereditary disorders.
- Maintaining an unhealthy lifestyle.
- Excessive alcohol use and smoking.
- The occurrence of concomitant diseases.
Influences the level of the female hormone unbalanced diet and excessive passion for sports. As well as the uncontrolled use of antibacterial drugs, steroid drugs or hormones.This can also include taking contraceptives that were not prescribed by a doctor.
You also need to take into account the fact that in women with menopause, the hormone estradiol is produced in smaller quantities.
Increased concentration of this hormone is considered normal only during pregnancy, in all other cases it is a pathology. An increase in the amount of this hormone can be caused by:
- liver disease;
- dysfunction of the thyroid gland;
- alcohol abuse;
- tumors, including breast cancer;
- rapid weight loss;
- long-term use of certain medications.
We know what estradiol hormone is responsible for in women. Changes in this condition can not be defined as specific, they can occur in many other diseases.
The characteristic signs of elevated estradiol include:
- constant feeling of tiredness and lethargy;
- rapid weight gain;
- dry skin and baldness;
- feeling cold in the legs and arms;
- increased nervousness and irritability;
- regular appearance of edema, if previously it was not typical;
- breast diseases;
- irregular menstruation and the absence of pregnancy;
- excessive sweating;
- uterine bleeding;
- mood swings.
Naturally, an increased level of the female hormone can entail unpleasant consequences in the form of serious diseases, so if you have the slightest suspicion, you should consult a doctor.
What is the solution to the problem?
In order to solve the problem of imbalance of estradiol in the body, a woman should contact a gynecologist or an endocrinologist. Doctors will prescribe a survey and, based on its results, taking into account all factors (age, degree of hormonal imbalance), will determine the treatment. As a rule, therapy consists of several components:
- physical therapy;
- proper, healthy food;
- the use of drugs and folk remedies;
- hormonal treatment;
- physiotherapeutic procedures.
It should be remembered that the earlier visit to the doctor in this case is very important and allows you to do without medication,only nutritional adjustments and a healthier lifestyle.
We examined the hormone estradiol, what it is, is now clear.