Honeysuckle varieties. Honeysuckle - sweet varieties. Description, prices
It is customary to grow at least one honeysuckle bush in the gardening places. And the true admirers of this culture know that there are different varieties, different taste. In addition, gardeners know that plants belonging to different varieties can affect each other's yields. It is therefore not surprising that in their garden can grow several copies of this wonderful shrub.
General description of the plant
Many varieties of honeysuckle unpretentious, cold-resistant. The plant does not require painstaking care. It mainly consists in pruning drying branches, loosening the soil under and around the bush, removing weeds and feeding. Honeysuckle shrubs respond positively to abundant watering, and drought is poorly tolerated. Loosening the soil should be carried out not to great depths, since the roots of the plant are located close to the surface.
The beginning of flowering dates back to mid-May - this largely depends on the weather and the region where the crop is grown. In the spring the bush is covered with fragrant flowers. They attract a large number of insects, mainly bees, bumblebees, flies. It is thanks to their visits that the bush is pollinated. It must be remembered that there are also self-fruitful varieties of honeysuckle, for pollination of which the presence of a plant of another variety on the site is necessary. Flowers are able to tolerate a decrease in air temperature to minus 5 - 7 degrees.
The plant does not give shoots. Reproduction occurs by rooting annual shoots, layering, as well as green cuttings. Methods for obtaining planting material are similar to those used in the reproduction of gooseberry and currant. Sometimes gardeners use the seed method of breeding honeysuckle, which is considered to be the most time-consuming and troublesome.
Planting should be done in such a way that it is under the cover of crowns of higher plants. Choosing such a landing site helps to achieve a better honeysuckle crop. Its fruits, being under direct rays of the sun, can shrink.
Honeysuckle attractive form of the crown, the bush can become a real decoration of the gardening area during the growing season.
In the third or fourth year after planting annual shoots, the honeysuckle begins to yield.
Fruit ripening occurs very early (in the first half of June), before strawberries or any other berries appear in the garden. This is undoubtedly a great advantage that honeysuckle has. Sweet grapes ripen at an earlier date. But they are distinguished by the fact that when reaching maturity the fruits quickly fall off. This is one of the negative properties of individual varieties of honeysuckle. Gardeners have found a way to harvest a crop without loss. To do this, during the period of active ripening of the honeysuckle berries, it is necessary to lay a film, paper or some other material under the bush, from which later sprinkled fruits can be easily collected.
Berries are very rich in active substances, sugars, acids, vitamins, beneficial effects on the work of different systems of the human body. You can use them in fresh and processed form.
There are many recipes for cooking using honeysuckle. It can be prepared for the winter in the form of freezing, jam, jam, compote, juice. Jam in color and taste is a lot like cherry. Honeysuckle juice is used as a food coloring.
The popularity of shrubs increases from year to year. That is why, having received its beginnings 40 years ago, selection work is being conducted very actively in our days. Today there are many varieties and forms that honeysuckle can have. The best plant varieties are offered by many nurseries and research institutes, therefore, it is easy to acquire a specimen of interest to a gardener.
All existing varieties of culture can be divided into groups for various reasons. Given the time of ripening of the harvest of berries, early-ripening, mid-ripening and late-ripening species can be distinguished.
Yield, taste of berries, their size, shape, color, conditions for growing a bush - a list of the distinctive properties of different varieties of honeysuckle.
Depending on the belonging to a particular variety, the berries may have different shades of purple,sometimes approaching black. A distinctive feature is a peculiar gray patina that covers the fruits of honeysuckle.
The shape of the berries is the most diverse - oval, cylindrical, round-oval, fusiform, elongated or with a truncated end. Large-fruited varieties of honeysuckle can produce berries up to 2 cm long and 8 mm wide.
Taste characteristics - one of the main indicators of the variety. The berries are sweet, sweet-sour, with bitterness and without it, and many other flavors of the honeysuckle fruit are known.
What determines the choice of varieties of shrubs
Before deciding whether to plant a plant in the garden, it is advisable to become familiar with the characteristics of the variety, its distinctive characteristics. This will avoid disappointment when the fruits appear or the shrub reaches the size of an adult plant.
For some gardeners it matters not only the taste of the berries, but also the yield of the variety, which is also different. It ranges from 500 grams to 4 kg from one bush.
It is necessary to take into account the size and shape of the honeysuckle bush in order to choose the right place to grow on the site. The maximum size of the bush usually reaches after 6 - 10 years of growth.
A certain variety must be chosen and taking into account the region where the crop will be cultivated.For example, the varieties of honeysuckle for the Moscow region are different from those that will grow well in the northern regions of the country.
The most popular forms, derived in NIISS of the city of Tomsk.
One of these varieties is Bakcharsky giant. Honeysuckle has a high degree of yield. The fruits have the shape of an elongated cylinder, the average size of which reaches 4 cm, and the weight - two grams. Dense skin allows to keep berries fresh for a long time. For the same reason, it is allowed to transport the crop and to avoid damage to the berries. The variety was loved by many for the pleasant sweet-and-sour taste of the fruit. The index of their fallability after maturation is average. Powerful shrub up to 1.9 meters has an oval-shaped crown with sparse branches. Bakcharskiy giant variety–honeysuckle, which is recommended for cultivation in different regions of Russia. The plant belongs to the group of self-infertile forms. The Nymph, Gidzyuk, Amfora, Pavlovskaya, Azure varieties are pollinators for the Bakchar giant.
The best Tomsk varieties include the Pride of Bakchar, Silginka, Parabelskaya and many others.
Honeysuckle varieties for the Moscow region
Widely known forms of plants, bred for cultivation in the Moscow region and Central Russia.
The variety Kingfisher with medium early ripening appeared in breeding farms of the Moscow region. A powerful bush, having an oval-shaped crown, can reach 2.1 m in height. A distinctive feature of the variety is its high degree of yield. The dense skin of the berries allows them to be stored after harvest. The fruits have an unusual round-oval shape with a blunt tip. Their size reaches 1.6 cm, with a mass of 1.1 g. The berries taste extremely pleasant - they are sweet with a slight sourness.
For cultivation in the suburbs are suitable such varieties of honeysuckle, as Kuminovka, Moscow-23 and many others.
Varieties for the Ural region
Honeysuckle varieties for the Urals should differ primarily in high frost resistance. Severe winters with sharp temperature drops should not adversely affect the growth and development of the plant.
The high-yielding variety Elizabeth with an average ripening period was bred in the city of Chelyabinsk, taking into account all the climatic conditions of the region. A plant with a slightly sprawling crown can reach a height of 2.4 m.The oval-shaped fruits, 1.6 cm in size, weighing 1.2 g, have a surprisingly sweet taste and dense skin.
At the sites of the Ural gardeners you can find such varieties of honeysuckle, as Lenita, Bazhovskaya, Sorceress and others.
Many plants during the pollination period must interact with other species for a good harvest. Otherwise, the harvest will be minimized or not at all. In other words, the plant requires pollinator, and its choice will depend on which variety is being considered.
Honeysuckle Nymph, for example, prefers that on the site except for her varieties such as Pavlovskaya, Amfora, Azure, Chosen.
For the convenience of gardeners, honeysuckle seedlings are sold in nurseries not by single specimens, but by a couple or a group of plants. You should not neglect such an offer when buying planting material, as the harvest of berries will directly depend on the selection of varieties.
In addition to edible varieties of honeysuckle, its decorative forms are known. The honeysuckle Tatarsky belongs to such version.
The plant received its distribution due to its unpretentiousness, the ability of shoots to grow rapidly. In addition, the honeysuckle Tatarskaya spring blooms beautifully for a whole month. Petals can have different shades of color - from dark pink to white. In autumn, the bushes are decorated with bright red or yellow berries. In addition, the densely growing branches have a large number of leaves, which are also very attractive. But the plant has one big drawback - its fruits are not only inedible because of the bitter taste, but they are also poisonous.
Due to the ability to grow even in conditions of high air pollution, the Tatar honeysuckle is used as a species for planting greenery on cities, parks and squares.
The plant is found in natural conditions, forming dense thickets. In some regions of the country, shrubs grow in the undergrowth of deciduous forests.
Instead of conclusion
The varieties of honeysuckle, the description of which is given above, are not limited to the above list. Breeders count more than a dozen forms of this useful plant. Their work on improving, changing the varieties of honeysuckle does not stop.Its new forms will continue to delight amateur gardeners.