High schools of Ukraine: review. Search for a university in the directions and cities
The sphere of higher education in Ukraine is famous for itsthe whole world with wonderful traditions. The rich history of Ukrainian science has more than one century. It is known that the first higher educational institution was the Jesuit College in Lviv. Since the 17th century, the activity of the university has contributed to the development of the educational sector in Ukraine as a whole. About 50 years ago, now Lviv National University named after Ivan Franko, was awarded the honorary status of the Academy, and after - and the university title.
Recognition of Ukrainian universities in Europe
In addition, many other universities in Ukraine are often called exemplary institutions. You can characterize them due to some features:
- the highest level of academic preparation;
- worthy qualification of teaching in the institution of professors, associate professors and teachers;
- The presence of an almost limitless choice of professional directions and specialties.
These factors contribute to the recognition of Europeanstates of the proper level of Ukrainian education, and the flows of foreign students wishing to receive their coveted diploma here are increasing every year.
Problems in the future activities of graduates
However, it is not uncommon for higher educational institutions of Ukraine to prioritize their own activities, to put their graduates in demand and to match each of them to their place in the labor market.At the same time, estimating by the method of simplea sociological survey of already held professionals who recently sat behind the student bench, you can determine their real level of accumulated knowledge and skills, the ability and skills to use the theoretical part in practice and the desire to continue learning, but already in the process of working.
It turns out that most of the answers received will lead to complete confusion. Many applicants, faced with the choice of the future profession, lightly concern such an important issue.
The reasons for the failure of the Ukrainian education system
There are several reasons for this. Most young people, being on the verge of adulthood, do not see their future destiny, vocation and purpose. Therefore, education in Ukrainian universities often passes as something inevitable, necessary and foregone.
Often young graduates are accused of lackingresponsibility, dedication and punctuality. However, experts in the field of social relations, sociology and psychology argue that the state itself helped the low level of professional fitness of young people, or rather the mechanisms for providing students with a program of training, equipping methodological bases, educational literature, and sometimes the teaching staff.
It's no secret that many experienced teachers with the longest experience of teaching, with great difficulty, go through the process of adaptation and transition to new educational systems.
Why is Europe better?
A vivid example demonstrating imperfectionUkrainian system of higher education, are students who have entered the best universities in Ukraine, and their compatriots who have taken courses abroad. The latter chances for employment are several times higher, since in the western states there is no lack of practical component in the training process.
But as already noted above, one of thepost-Soviet states, which can boast of the level of its educational system, is Ukraine. Admission to a university in the country is a priority issue for young people who have just graduated from school. And although the state lags behind European counterparts in the course of educational reforms, significant changes have been made in the sphere of higher education over the past five years.
Changes in the educational system of Ukraine
In particular, it should be noted that the numbereducational institutions with higher status have significantly decreased. During multiple inspections it was found that some institutions reduced the educational process to actual pastime on the territory of the university. Students did not come here to acquire knowledge in the chosen specialties, but to obtain a diploma, a "treasured paper".
This significantly affected the self-esteemgraduates completing such universities in Ukraine. Conducted sociological studies have demonstrated the readiness of newcomers to work for almost the minimum wage, agreeing, therefore, with the lack of professional knowledge and low competitiveness.
Meanwhile, in recent years, you can see andabsolutely opposite tendency. More than half of the students have already mastered their profession by the time of graduation and the award of the diploma, having sometimes 2 or 3 years of work experience.Such graduates are the main candidates for high positions and salaries, since, after waiting for the diploma, they are already experienced specialists in their field.
Universities among the best
The list of universities in Ukraine has several traininginstitutions that fall into the ratings of the best European educational centers. The secret of their success is the desire to adapt to the realities of today's market demands. At what leaders there were those high schools of Ukraine which have started to do it long before official signing by the state of the Bologna declaration.
The third rating line belongs to the National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute".A feature of the educational process of this institutionit is considered that graduates carry out real orders from major design companies (for example, the Malyshev plant). Prepared tasks, as a rule, form the basis for writing master's graduation works. This practice has been noticed in the university for several decades.
Kyiv Polytechnic Institute
Strict assessment in Ukrainian universities servesthe premise that students will receive all the necessary knowledge of the entire course. This is how the faculty of the National Technical University "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute" arrives, which is located behind the previous university and ranks second among the best institutions on the territory of the country.In addition, maintaining stable highpositions are facilitated by an annual survey of potential employers and those with whom the university already cooperates. Taking into account the wishes of entrepreneurs, additional training in the foreign language and information technologies was introduced into the educational process.
KNU behalf of T.G. Shevchenko
It can not be said that the Kiev National University. T.G. Shevchenko did not analyze the situation that is constantly developing in the labor market and vacancies.However, this university was able to occupy the highestposition thanks to the main mission, which is confidently performed by the university professors. It's about creating an updated career guidance system. When submitting documents to universities of Ukraine, the entrant should understand and independently argue the choice of his future specialty. An important aspect here is the aspect of the original motivation.
Other worthy higher institutions of Ukraine
It is important that the above institutions alreadylong passed to a system of free choice of educational disciplines. According to the Bologna Declaration, the transition from compulsory to free choice of subjects is one of the mandatory conditions for its observance. The next change, through which many universities of Ukraine passed - passing grade and its increase. This is how the selection of only the best students in the most popular institutions takes place.
In the rating of successful educational institutions of the world enteredalso Kharkiv National University. The Karazin. Every year the number of universities representing Ukraine is increasing in the collections of European and world educational institutions, and their positions are rising steadily.
The National University "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy" has undoubted priority.This university also has a unique history of formation and formation. A popular choice of entrants is the Odessa National University. Mechnikov.
Ratings of military universities
Demand for school leavers is also used by the militaryuniversities of Ukraine. Kiev National University named after Shevchenko has also bypassed its competitors. The military institute is so popular with future defenders of the homeland that it is necessary to pass a complex competition for admission, in which 8 people apply for one seat at once. The Ministry of Defense of Ukraine is the patron of this institution. At the same time, the main rating evaluation of paramilitary educational institutions looks like this:
- in the first place, as already mentioned, the MilitaryInstitute at the National University named after Shevchenko (unprecedented demand is explained by the proposed training directions, as this is the only university in Ukraine that prepares the specialists of the Security Service, intelligence agencies, the Ministry for Emergency Situations, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and many other structures);
- on the second place is settled the Odessamilitary academy (in terms of the number of people wishing to enroll, the institution yields to Kiev almost twice, graduates of the Academy become in the future officers of the ground forces);
- in third place, not yielding to the demandOdessa University, awaits presentation Lviv Academy of Land Forces. Hetman P. Sagaidachny (more than three people want to become professionals in military affairs: paratroopers, officers of airmobile and missile forces);
- closes the list of the most popular military universitiesKharkiv University of Air Force. Kozheduba (a specialized military educational institution prepares for the professional activities of cosmonaut pilots, engineers and air defense officers).
The central department noted the positive dynamics of the growth in the number of people wishing to obtain a military specialty in the last few years.
Graduates of Ukrainian universities receive diplomas andthe application of a single European model to them, which opens new opportunities for talented young scientists to take part in educational and scientific projects and be worthy competitors in the international arena of labor relations.