Hemangioma of the liver: causes, symptoms and treatment methods
Liver hemangioma is a benign growth that usually does not cause any abnormalities or discomfort. Interestingly, in women such a violation is found much more often. It is worth noting that in some cases the hemangioma may increase in size - in such cases the patient needs medical assistance.
Hemangioma baking: causes
In fact, the causes of the appearance and development of such a neoplasm have not yet been clarified. This disease is diagnosed among patients of different gender, age and nationality. However, according to recent studies, hemangioma is often found in newborns, which suggests the presence of a birth defect.
Hemangioma of the liver and its varieties
To date, there are two main forms of this neoplasm:
- capillary hemangioma is a small formation (no more than three centimeters in diameter), which consists of small cavities and has a separate vein;
- A cavernous hemangioma is a tumor that consists of several separate cavities. As the neoplasm grows, these cavities may coalesce into larger ones - the size of such a tumor can be from 5 to 20 centimeters.
Liver hemangioma: symptoms
As mentioned earlier, tumors rarely cause any external signs. Discomfort and deterioration of well-being appear only in those cases when the hemangioma greatly increases in size and begins to put pressure on neighboring structures. With this course of the disease may increase the liver. Patients sometimes complain of pain and a feeling of fullness in the right hypochondrium. Nausea and vomiting are less common.
Liver hemangioma: what is the danger?
In most cases, these tumors are completely harmless. However, sometimes a rupture of a neoplasm is possible, which, in most cases, is the result of a severe abdominal trauma. It is worth noting that in about 60–70% of cases, a tumor rupture ends with the death of the patient.
Liver hemangioma: diagnosis
In fact, such an education is most often found quite by accident.For example, hemangioma can be seen during a computer or magnetic resonance imaging, which is carried out to study a completely different disease. After that, the doctor prescribes additional tests and tests to find out if the tumor is malignant. In the future, dynamic observation by a doctor is recommended: every 2–3 months the patient is obliged to undergo an examination. Thus, it will be possible to determine how fast the hemangioma is growing.
Liver hemangioma: treatment
In most cases, no specific treatment is required here - just a small correction of the diet and regular medical examinations are sufficient.