Growing melons in the open field: the choice of varieties, planting and care
Who does not like juicy and fragrant melon? There are many varieties of them. They may have a different taste and size, as well as vary in shape, but without exception, they want to grow in a hot sunny climate. But gardeners and gardeners still adapted to care for this wonderful plant in our climate. Growing melons in the open field requires some knowledge and skills. However, as well as care for any other culture.This plant does not tolerate excess moisture, but does not fear the direct rays of the sun. This article will discuss how to produce melons in the open field. Varieties, planting and care, depending on climatic conditions - all this will be described in detail.
We are preparing the correct plot
Everyone knows that the fragrant beauty from the south will not tolerate any garden beds that come across. It is necessary to prepare such a plot of soil for your melon to love.Cultivation in the open field requires the start of preparatory activities since autumn. In September, the bed, on which melons will grow in the future, should be carefully dug up. It does not need to be done at great depth. It is considered sufficient to dig at the spade bayonet. Fertilizers are also required. For this, humus is used at the rate of four kilograms per square meter. If the soil is clay, you should add to it also river sand. For one square meter, half a bucket of sand is usually used.
What to do with the seeds? Preparatory stage
To get good seedlings, it is necessary to prepare the seeds. They can simply be purchased at the store or prepare yourself. For a good harvest, choose the seeds of three or even four years ago.They must be large. Seeds should be treated with boric acid and zinc sulfate. In this solution, they should be soaked for twelve hours. Growing melons in the open field also involves hardening the seeds. To do this, they need to be immersed in water at a temperature of thirty-five degrees, remove, then hold for twenty-four hours in conditions when the ambient temperature is 20 degrees of heat.Next, the temperature is reduced gradually until it drops to zero. In this mode, the seeds are kept for another twenty hours and again raise the temperature to twenty degrees. This whole procedure is repeated three times in the last seven days before the day when the landing is scheduled.
Seeds for seedlings sown in pots made of plastic or cardboard. They are filled with a landing mixture consisting of peat and sand in the ratio of nine to one, and one glass of wood ash is added to ten liters of soil.In each pot you need to plant two or three seeds at a depth of five centimeters. All this should be placed where the daytime temperature is at the level of eighteen degrees Celsius, and at night it does not fall below fifteen. Keep future plants should be in such conditions until the first sprouts. As soon as the first shoots appear, and this is about a week later, it is necessary to choose one of the shoots, the strongest, and the rest to be removed.
After the appearance of the fourth leaf, the plant should be pinned. So you stimulate the formation of lateral shoots.Watering seedlings, make sure that water does not fall on the leaves and stalks. Sowing of seeds produced in April and transplanted melons in the ground after twenty-five days.
Growing melons in the open field requires preliminary preparation of the beds. In the soil make small depressions. The distance between them should be about eighty centimeters. Do not plant your seedlings during the frost period. Better wait this time. In this process, the most important thing is not to damage the root system. Plant sprouts along with the land that is in the pots.
Water is poured into each well and some manure is applied. Plant seedlings in such a way that the stem does not go deep. When all the seedlings will be planted, it must be watered and sprinkled with dry earth. During the first two days it should be in the shade. Due to this melons will be much faster. To prevent exposure to temperature fluctuations during the day and at night, as well as to protect the plant from rain, cover the seedlings with foil.
Features varieties. Melon collective farmer. Outdoor cultivation
There are different varieties of melons.Consider some of them.
Variety Alushta ripens for seventy days. Melons are large and oval in shape.In color, they are orange-yellow, with divorces on the surface of a dark orange shade. Melon pulp has a white color and sweet taste.
Dessert Melon is a smaller size, has a shortened oval shape. The flesh is white, with a greenish tinge, very juicy and sweet. The grade difference is in long-term storage after harvesting.
Yuzhanka is a variety characterized by round fruits of a rather large size (they reach two kilograms). It has a high sugar content.
The most popular option for growing in central Russia is the kolkhoznitsa variety.Melons of this variety are round and orange. By weight reach one kilogram. The flesh is very sweet and light, colored white. This variety is sown for seedlings at the end of April, and in the middle of May it is planted under film.
Growing melons in the suburbs in the open ground begins no earlier than when the seedlings turn 35 days. Allowed the opportunity to grow a culture of grown. But in this case it is necessary to put a material resistant to moisture under the melons. This prevents damage to the fruit. It is necessary to observe the regularity of watering, as well as weeding.Feed this melon with organic as well as mineral fertilizers.
The soil on which the melon grows needs special care. It must be loosened. The first two times should be loosened no deeper than fifteen centimeters, and the next time - ten centimeters. Do not loosen the soil too close to the stem of the plant. When the first side lashes appear, the melon is spud. To do this, screw the earthen roller to the stem of the plant.
Watering melons should be as moderate as possible. If dew appeared on the grass in the morning, then the melon should not be watered at all. If the moistening is still carried out, then it is necessary to do it very carefully and between the rows. In no case do not allow the ingress of water on the leaves and stems.
The first pinching plant is experiencing in a state of seedling. Re-melon pinch already after adaptation in the ground above the seventh leaf. The same should be done with side branches. In the future, it is necessary to remove all unnecessary flowers. There should be three fetuses, located at a distance from each other.All shoots that have no fruit are subject to destruction. They should not pull the juice from the main plant.
The first feeding of the melon must be made as soon as it takes two weeks after landing in the ground. Bring in saltpeter, chicken manure or mullein. Every ten days produce fertilizer plants. Use complex feeding with the addition of ash or chicken manure. Stop fertilizing as soon as the fruits begin to ripen. Weeding arrange only if necessary. Scourge should be directed in their growth, so that they do not fall between the rows, and under each melon you need to put a piece of plywood. This will protect the fruit from rotting.
How to care for melons, depending on the place of growth
Depending on where you are going to grow melons, there may be some differences in the care of this plant. For example, the cultivation of melons in Siberia in the open field requires good hardening of seeds before sowing. This event improves the cold resistance of the melon, and also contributes to the earlier appearance of the fruit. Hardening of seeds can be done using variable temperatures, or resort to short-term freezing.Sawdust, coarse sand or other leavening agents must be added to the soil. Plants are planted in such areas that are not only well warmed and illuminated by the sun, but are also protected from the cold winds of the North. Of great importance for melons growing in Siberia, is artificial pollination, which is produced in the morning.
Growing melons in Belarus in the open field also has its own characteristics. Not every species is capable of producing good crops in these climatic conditions. Therefore, the most important thing is to choose the right grade. The best option is considered to be European varieties, in which the growing season is less than seventy days. Melon seedlings in Belarus are planted only in the first decade of June. The soil is deeply plowed up and carefully struggled with weeds, resorting to continuous semi-pair processing.
Consider also the cultivation of melons in the Urals in the open field. This plant is grown in harsh conditions with tomatoes and cucumbers exclusively in greenhouses. Seedlings are planted only when the soil warms to fourteen degrees. Overmoistening of the soil is not allowed.Once the melons reach the size of an apple, they are placed in a nylon mesh, which is attached to the trellis. The degree of maturity of the fetus is determined by the color change and the appearance of fragrance.
So, we have disassembled how the melon is grown in the open field. And although the main measures for planting and caring for this plant are similar to each other, there are still certain nuances in different regions. Choose the right type of melon for your area and follow the rules for the care of this crop. And then you will surely be rewarded with tasty and fragrant fruits of sunny color.