Grapes Spring care: pruning, fertilizing, pest treatment
For growth and excellent fruiting, it is very important that the grapes receive full spring care. Now everything is more detailed.
Grapes Spring care begins with trimming
The very first thing that is paying close attention is the correct removal of excess shoots to renew the entire grape. The Germans even have a saying that says: "Without pruning the grape branches, there are no good grape clusters." An important element in creating favorable conditions for fruit ripening is spring grape care - pruning. It accompanies not only the renewal of the vineyard, but also an increase in the number of clusters. Grapes - strong and strong plant with rapidly growing vines. Given this feature of his, pruning can be carried out short and even ruthless. One-year growth should be shortened by 50% and 90%, but the perennial growth - only partially.Trimming the grapes (care spring carrying out), it is worth getting rid of those shoots that are most remote from the main trunk. At the same time, it is necessary to focus on the link that will be fruit or fruit bearing already last year. This part of the vine usually looks like a double sleeve with a few shoots. The shoots of the first upper and longest sleeves are cut, counting from above 6-12 eyes (former buds). And the shoots of the lower, shorter sleeves, pruned, counting 2-4 peepholes. After the shoots have been successfully renewed, grape-garter or formation follows. The formation of the sleeves is done by pinching off young shoots, while leaving 3 or 4 young buds, which later will bear fruit. For the garter, you should build a tapestry, for example, from wire, which you need to pull tight. It will be a support for grape shoots. The branches that will bear fruit are tied to the bottom row of the wire.
For these purposes, used rough rope or nylon fishing line (of any thickness). You need to tie up with cloth shreds or soft twine.The fertile branches of the grapes should be bent as close as possible to the wire trellis in a horizontal position. At the next stage, the garters are carefully fixed young green shoots about 25 cm long. And then the branches are tied up after 10 or 15 days. Young green vines are very fragile, while gaining strength, so they can break off even from a light breeze. Garters are made with the formation of a loop 8-shaped.
Grapes Care spring and early summer
The next step will be spraying the grapes from diseases and pests, as well as watering and fertilizer. Spraying with a 3% solution of copper sulfate prior to the start of bud break is considered a mandatory procedure. And for covering varieties, spraying is performed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture and occurs at the end of May or the beginning of June. You should also repeat the spraying after flowering. To scare away the caterpillars, a dust solution is considered to be very effective (2–3 g per 1 m²). In irrigation, phasing and sequence are also important. At the first watering should use nitrogen fertilizers for grapes - they are needed to improve growth.In this regard, ammonium nitrate is usually used, which will start to act quickly and provide the soil with the necessary nutrients. And even organic pea soaked in water, which itself is rich in nitrogen, is suitable for organic fertilizer.