Gingivitis in a child: causes, treatment, drugs
Parents must carefully monitor their healthchild. Often the care of adults depends on whether it will be noticed on time that children have dental problems. One of such problems can be gingivitis in a child. This disease is difficult to attribute to asymptomatic, but parents should heed the first complaints of a baby or teenager in order to seek help in time.
Gingivitis: what is it?
In Latin, "gingva" means gum. Gingivitis is an inflammatory process in the tissues of the gums, in the place of their adherence to the neck of the tooth. Despite the fact that the disease does not affect the strength of the connection between the teeth and gums, it can cause a number of other problems that will lead to tooth loss. That is why it is necessary to start treatment in time and use all available means.
What could have been the cause?
Gingivitis in a child can be diagnosed inof any age, but most often this disease affects children over five years old. Cases of an earlier illness are also known, but they are no more than 2%. What is the reason for this? The fact is that the main cause of the disease is considered insufficient hygiene of the oral cavity. On the teeth of the child begins to accumulate a soft coating, which gradually causes inflammation, that is, gingivitis. There are still no teeth in very young children, but gum disease can begin at the time of their eruption. It is during this period that babies pull into their mouth all available items to relieve the itching and pain in the gums. Together with these objects, the pathogenic microflora enters the mouth, and in addition, microtraumas (scratches) may appear.
To protect a child from gingivitis or to start treatment on time, one must understand the reasons why he could develop:
- The main cause of gingivitis is plaque. If a child refuses to brush teeth or performs it poorly, the probability of inflammation of the gums is very high.
- The common cause of gingivitis is mucosal trauma in the mouth. Various burns, cuts or scratches can cause the onset of inflammation.
- Gingivitis often develops in the child due to the fact,that the parents did not take the baby on time to the dentist for inspection and had cavities on dairy or permanent teeth. In this case, an infection becomes an impetus to gum disease.
- The cause of the disease in a child may beincorrect distribution of the load on the jaw system. This happens when forming an incorrect bite, breaking the masticatory function, incorrect attachment of the frenum of the lips and tongue.
- Gingivitis in a child can begin at the time oferuption of milk or molars. In this case, pain in the gums leads to the fact that children are less likely to scrape off dental plaque and allow the accumulation of pathogenic microflora.
- To gingivitis can lead orthodontic designs or poor-quality seals.
After understanding the causes of the disease, it is easier for parents to eliminate them and protect their child in the future.
Immunity of a healthy child allows fastTo overcome the inflammatory process with the improvement of hygienic procedures and the observance of the doctor's recommendations. But there are a number of factors that reduce the protective functions of the body, including gums. The risk of developing gingivitis is higher if the following diseases are diagnosed in a child:
- xerostomia, that is, insufficient salivation;
- hypovitaminosis, that is vitamin deficiency;
- infectious diseases of various kinds (SARS, tuberculosis, tonsillitis);
- cholecystitis, that is inflammatory processes in the gallbladder;
- blood diseases.
Each of these diagnoses should be the cause of increased control of the gum condition in order to prevent problems.
Gingivitis: forms and symptoms
Gingivitis in a child, as in an adult, can occur in acute or chronic form. More often in children observe an acute form, the symptoms of which look like this:
- gums blush and become inflamed;
- soft tissues around the teeth become painful;
- tissues swell;
- the gingiva furrow deepens;
- bleeding occurs, especially during brushing;
- the child complains of difficulty with chewing and swallowing food.
In response to the child's complaints, parents shouldIt can be faster to write it on reception to the stomatologist as the center of disease can increase. Note that gingivitis can have a local form or be spread throughout the oral cavity.
In addition to the acute form with obvious symptoms,children may develop chronic gingivitis with a slow process. In this case, the possible severity of the disease depends on the parent's attention to the state of the oral cavity in the child.
Doctors distinguish between mild, moderate and severe degree of gingivitis.
Gingivitis in the first year of life of the child
There is a mixed form of the disease - stomatitis-gingivitis. This problem is manifested in children of the first year of life and is the primary manifestation of herpes, complicated by inflammation of the gums in the baby.
Usually the disease is acute. It can be accompanied by an increase in temperature, weakness and general lethargy. Rashes appear on the mucous membranes of the mouth, causing painful sensations. The child becomes tearful, refuses to eat.
The doctor will give the child symptomatic treatment, reduce the soreness of the rashes and prescribe water-soluble drugs for herpes.
Types of the disease. The catarrhal process
Usually, catarrhal gingivitis is diagnosedthe onset of the inflammatory process. This species is the most common among children and adolescents. The main symptoms of catarrhal gingivitis are itching and discomfort in the gum area, bleeding during chewing food and brushing teeth, changing the taste perception, increasing unpleasant odor, increasing sensitivity. When the process is running, the temperature may rise.
This type of gingivitis refers to chronicprocesses. A characteristic symptom is the proliferation of gum tissue. The process can be fibrous or edematous. Hypertrophic gingivitis is most often a consequence of neglected catarrhal inflammation.
The cause may be an incorrect bite,accumulation of plaque and the intake of potent drugs, for example, in the treatment of epilepsy. With a strong growth of tissues, in addition to combating dental plaque and taking medicines, surgical excision of hypertrophied tissues can be performed.
This type of disease also develops in the backgroundchronic catarrhal process. In addition, ulcerative gingivitis can occur with ARVI, dysbiosis, acute viral processes and a general decrease in immunity.
The disease is complicated by the fact that strongpainful sensations make it impossible for the oral hygiene to be independent. Ulcerative necrotic gingivitis requires a serious approach. Complex treatment with antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory drugs is prescribed. In addition, the dentist anesthetizes ulcerated tissue, conducts their antiseptic and hygienic treatment. One of the means for treating the oral cavity can be "Maraslavin", used to restore healthy gum tissues.
"Maraslavin". Instructions for use
Despite the fact that this preparation of vegetableorigin, use it is necessary, strictly following the manufacturer's instructions. Due to its pronounced antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anesthetic action, the remedy is often used in the professional treatment of gingivitis of various forms and other dental diseases.
Before applying the drug the doctor mustcleans stones and dental plaque, and then lays tampons impregnated with a combined agent into the oral cavity. The time of aging tampons in the gum pockets - up to 6 minutes. At one time the doctor repeats the treatment 5-6 times. The last time the tampons are left until the next dose. The treatment time can be up to three months.
"Maraslavin", the instruction on which applicationprescribes clear control over the procedures, allows you to restore the structure of the gums, stop bleeding and restore their natural size. In this case, the pain decreases, the edema descends and the contact between the gum and the neck of the tooth is restored.
This drug is not recommended for usechildren under 14 years of age, because it can cause a sharp rise in temperature and other body reactions that have not been adequately studied. However, when the specified age is reached, the preparation gives a very good result.
Prevention of gingivitis in children
Timely identified gingivitis of the gums lends itself to complete cure. To prevent the disease of the oral cavity of the child, the following preventive measures should be adhered to:
- Twice a year, bring children, including adolescents, to preventive examination to the dentist.
- Monitor daily and thorough care of teeth and oral cavity.
- Correct the diet and eliminate snacks, especially sweets.
- Correctly choose and in time replace the child's toothbrush.
- Correctly choose a toothpaste for a child or adolescent.
What if the baby is sick?
If the child is still sick, but the parents wantto conduct a course of treatment independently after consulting a specialist, first of all it is necessary to remove the plaque, and after that to carry out anti-inflammatory rinses, treatment with gels and ointments or treatment with folk remedies.
However, one must be prepared for the fact that the symptomstemporarily diminish or disappear, but after the cessation of treatment will return back. The reason for this may be that the main factor that causes gingivitis is not eliminated. This is a plaque that appears on the teeth.
That's why dentists recommenda professional approach to the treatment of gingivitis, to avoid its transition to periodontitis. All additional home measures can be introduced into the complex treatment and conducted under the supervision of a dentist.
Remember! A timely call to a doctor will help to keep your teeth and gums healthy for many years to your children.