Germany: form of government and government
The creation of a state is impossible without experience. Some countries rely on their own, others - on the history of development of other states. In any case, the study of the device and the operation of the machinery of the board is necessary in order to introduce successful forms and avoid mistakes. What is interesting from this point of view of Germany?
Form of government
This country has a federal structure. That is, it consists of several equal parts that can adopt and establish their own laws, legitimate along with the all-German ones. The form of government in Germany fits the definition of a parliamentary republic. This means that power in the country is divided between the president and the parliament. At the same time, virtually all effective leadership is concentrated in the hands of the first person of executive power. Elective office. The head of government is the chancellor, who is responsible for the foreign and domestic policies of the state of Germany. The form of government with such a distribution of roles is a republic. Let's take a closer look.
Functions of the President
The forms of government of European countries vary widelybetween themselves. This can be clearly seen in the powers of the heads of state. Germany, whose form of government does not imply the empowerment of the president with serious functions, is different from the others. In fact, this post has a representative and ceremonial basis. The President is elected for five years. He represents the country on the world stage, issues acts on pardoning criminals. The government and the parliament are also carrying out the real policy of the state.
The process of the formation and publication of laws in the countryhas a two-stage structure. The lower house - the Bundestag - creates laws. Deputies are elected for a term of 4 years. Approves the laws of the Bundesrat - the Upper House. It is formed from representatives of the lands in proportion to the number of their inhabitants. It is believed that a rather complicated process of lawmaking makes it possible to produce a sufficiently successful "product". In any case, Germany, whose form of government allows for a complex internal policy, differs from other European countries in the high level of compliance with norms and rules by citizens.
The government in Germany isauthority. This branch of government solves all issues related to the work of the state, its foreign policy. The Federal Chancellor forms the budget, monitors the implementation of national programs. It must be borne in mind that each of the German lands forms its own development plans, establishes taxes, forms budgets. The supreme authority deals only with national issues. Financing of global tasks goes at the expense of nationwide taxes, which do not exceed twenty percent of the total.
The state structure of Germany is interestingthe experience of a separate development of lands coordinated by common programs. Each subject of the federation has its own power authority, but it develops in a common rhythm and in one direction. At the same time, they define the financial development base and form independently, which allows solving pressing issues effectively enough.