Genres of scientific style
Genres of scientific style are divided into such basic types: scientific, scientific, popular and scientific-educational.
In the first sub-layer there are such genres: dissertation, monograph, report, etc. Their characteristic feature is a strict, academic manner of presentation. This category corresponds to scientific literature, created by professionals and intended for the same professionals. In opposition to this subfile, you can specify a popular science style, the function of which is to increase the popularity of scientific information and simple data. In these articles, the author should be able to convey information to the reader, who is not very familiar with this subject, in an accessible, and sometimes entertaining form.
To the peculiarities of the popular science style, you canattribute the connection in it of such features as emotionality and logic, subjectivity and objectivity, concreteness and abstractness. In this literature, there may be a lot less specific terms.
The main genres of scientific style would not beare fully considered if you do not give proper attention to the scientific and educational sub-structure, which combines the features of the two described above. With its own scientific, it combines terminology, observance of the system in the presentation of scientific information, as well as evidence and logic. With the popular scientific style - the availability of illustrative material and accessibility. Works in the scientific and educational style are considered to be lectures, teaching aids, seminar papers and exam answers.
The genres of the scientific style of speech include such substructures as: scientific-reference and scientific-informative.
The scientific reference basement assumes the existence of dictionaries, directories and catalogs, characterized by a description of the main terminology in a succinct form.
The main task of the scientific-informative sub-stratum is the transfer of scientific information with a full description of all sorts of scientific facts.
All these genres of scientific style have the main feature - accurate and unambiguous expression of scientific thoughts.
The basis of presentation in the scientific literature isterminology that embodies high accuracy of speech. This term should unambiguously interpret the concepts of a particular field of activity or knowledge (for example, marketing, density, futures, software, etc.). Formation of terminology is an important condition for the reproduction of scientific speech.
All without exception genres of scientific styleuse a definition, which in Latin means "definition." This is a kind of brief characteristic of an object, designated by a specific term, identifying it.
All the terminology used by genresscientific style, can be conditionally divided into general scientific (for example, thesis or analysis), inter-scientific (example - value or economics) and highly specialized (characteristic for a specific field of knowledge).
Using the right terms providesmutual understanding of specialists at the interethnic and national levels, as well as compatibility of normative and legislative acts. Also, it is necessary to pay special attention to the timeliness of updating the terminology. It is necessary to replace obsolete terms in time with new ones.
Texts related to the scientific style of speech, in addition to language information, can contain special symbols, formulas, graphs and tables. This applies mainly to texts of applied and natural sciences.
In the special literature scientific speechis a written speech, bound by certain norms. However, in connection with the modern development of the means of communication and the increasing importance of scientific thought in modern society, the constant growth of the number of scientific contacts (conferences, scientific seminars, symposia) has recently significantly increased the role of oral speech.