Gardnerella vaginalis - one of the main causes of bacterial vaginosis
Why does a woman have this disease?
Bacterial vaginosis is formed when a woman changes the composition of the microflora present in the vaginal mucosa. At the same time lactobacilli practically disappear, and their place is most often taken by gardnerella vaginalis. This microorganism is found in most women suffering from bacterial vaginosis. It is worth noting that sometimes the disease is caused by other bacteria. Many of these pathogens are sexually transmitted. In this case, Gardnerella vaginal in men does not cause the development of any kind of disease.
Factors that contribute significantly to the development of the disease
Bacterial vaginosis is often associated with a regular change of sexual partners.In addition, this disease can be caused by nervous stress or too frequent douching.
How does this disease manifest itself?
This disease has its own characteristic clinical course. The main symptom, which has a diagnostic value, is the appearance of white discharge from the genitals with a pronounced unpleasant odor, reminiscent of the one that comes from rotten fish. This sign bothers the woman more than others and makes you turn to a gynecologist. In addition to this symptom in women with bacterial vaginosis, a decrease in the number of lactobacilli and an increase in microorganisms called Gardnerella vaginalis is accompanied by a rather active burning sensation and itching. These symptoms can significantly increase their severity during intercourse or menstruation.
How to detect bacterial vaginosis?
The presence of this disease is not so difficult to establish. The main object of the study most often becomes a smear from the vaginal mucosa. After the necessary processing with special dyes, it is examined under a microscope. In the event that the patient does have bacterial vaginosis, then Gardnerella vaginalis is determined in large numbers.In turn, there are practically no lactobacilli in such a smear.
How to treat bacterial vaginosis?
If the patient has an unpleasant disease that Gardnerella vaginalis caused, it is best to start treatment as soon as possible. It is worth noting that women do not face bacterial vaginosis with any significant complications, however, its characteristic symptoms are unpleasant in themselves. The basis of treatment is the use of a drug such as Lactobacterin. It contributes to the formation of the normal composition of the microflora in the vaginal mucosa. Also Gardnerella vaginalis is eliminated by washing the external genitalia with infusion of chamomile flowers. Most often, this treatment gives a positive trend in a few days. At the same time, white discharges with an unpleasant odor quickly become impoverished, and then completely cease. During treatment, it is necessary to refrain from sexual activity. Also in the future it is recommended to avoid strong stresses, constant change of sexual partners, as well as too frequent douching.