Funnel-shaped deformation of the chest: features of occurrence and consequences
The deformed chest is presently1-2 people per thousand. For example, a qualified specialist in a good hospital or clinic diagnoses a similar deviation in approximately 150 patients per year.
It's pretty highThis indicator, which is not on the best side, characterizes general trends in improving the health of the population.
One of the most common such deviations is the funnel-shaped deformation of the chest.
According to some reports, one child from three hundredhas this defect. It is the inside of the chest bone (in the direction of the spine). In appearance, this deformation appears as a deepening of the upper part of the peritoneum and the lower part of the breast.
Walls on the sides of the deformed area are formed by cartilages of ribs. The thorax even looks visually enlarged.
The funnel-shaped deformation of the chest significantly influences the bending of the spine in the thoracic region, which is greatly intensified under its influence.
The reason for this deviation is incorrectthe development of costal cartilage and diaphragm. Funnel-shaped deformation of the chest is not a cosmetic lack of appearance. Abnormal development of the thoracic bones leads to the displacement and squeezing of the internal organs, to a serious disruption of their functions.
Vibrations are possibleblood pressure: the upper limit is reduced, and the lower - is increased. Pressure can also increase in large veins.
After birth, the child does not experience anyunpleasant sensations. But active development of the body at the beginning of life contributes to the aggravation of deformation. Then there is a significant lag in physical development, there are disorders of the vegetative system, the activity of the lungs is disrupted. By the age of three the child has a set of various sores.
The funnel-shaped deformation of the chest is divided into several varieties, depending on the symmetry and depth of the funnel. The latter affects the displacement of the heart to the side.
The first degree is determined by the two centimeter depth of the funnel (up to 2 cm). Such a depression does not cause a displacement of the heart.
To the second degree, the funnel is up to 4 cm deep. At the same time, the heart is also shifted to the side (with such deformation - up to 3 cm from its normal place).
If the funnel has a depth of more than 4 cm, it belongs to the third degree (the heart can be shifted by 3 cm).
With the diagnosis of "funnel-shaped deformity of the thoraciccells "treatment without surgery is possible only with the initial (first) degree.Correction is achieved through the active use of special exercises and classes in one of the developing sports: rowing, swimming, basketball, volleyball.
With a more complex degree of deformation,operation. As a rule, this is possible at the age of 3-14 years. The child is examined in detail, so as not to lose sight of other diseases that cause deformation. Immediately before the operation, a course of treatment is conducted. The operation is carried out by one of two dozen methods. But, one way or another, if a young man has a funnel-shaped deformation of the chest, the army does not threaten him. Although the last judgment, despite the negative tendencies, does not make life easier for the young man.