Functions of logistics. New methods in production and service
Production of goods and their delivery to the buyer inrecently received a new direction. Improved methods and technologies of delivery. This process is called "logistics". The logistics functions include full control over the movement of materials in the production and delivery of finished products to the buyer. It provides all the necessary information for the implementation of these processes. Let's consider in more detail the tasks and functions of logistics.
To the basic functions, which is carried out by logistics,carry the transportation of materials, their storage, the registration of orders, their implementation, packaging of goods and delivery to the consumer. Its tasks also include subsequent customer service.
Logistic functions are subdivided according tostage of the production process. Logistics at the entrance deals with operations related to the material and raw materials. This includes the selection of suppliers and the delivery of materials, as well as the return of marriage.
At the output of the products, logistics selects buyers, distributes the finished products to ensure orders and directly deliver the product to consumers.
Manufacturers and other participants in the movementgoods it is advantageous to use the services of logisticians. This reduces costs, eliminates interruptions in the supply of materials and improves the quality of service. Therefore, the production process becomes more established with the presence of a logistics department.
The essence of logistics lies in the timely delivery of materials and the final product of production. Therefore, it includes a whole network of organizations that perform various functions of logistics.
Transport companies organize the delivery of materials and finished products. It can be either large companies or small forwarding firms.
Companies that specialize in wholesaletrade, also carry out part of the logistics functions. This includes companies that do not directly deal with wholesale trade, but carry out a number of activities for its organization.
The main participants of logistics operations are the manufacturers themselves. Their warehouses of basic materials and finished products also perform the functions of logistics.
All these organizations and companies are a logistical chain. Each participant performs certain logistic functions, which consist in a set of actions.
The tasks of logistics are to improvemethods and technologies to reduce costs. It is necessary to constantly focus on market changes, to model new logistics systems and to ensure their functioning.
If we consider the problems in a broaderperception, it is the provision of necessary information and control over the flow of information and materials. We need to develop an effective strategy and ways of moving goods. Particular attention should be paid to the production of semi-finished products and packaging of goods. In order to timely respond to market changes and innovations in the production and sale of goods, one must be able to forecast and, in connection with this, to plan logistics operations. We also need to study the supply and demand for finished products and improve after-sales service.
If we talk about the objectives of logistics within a particular enterprise, they consist in the constant replenishment of materials, the delivery of products in the shortest possible time, etc.
Depending on the scope of application, logistics is divided into production, transport, procurement and sales, supply chains and stock logistics.
For modern logistics, it is important to use the latest technology and reduce costs.