Flowers eustoma. Growing eustoma at home
Few of the flower lovers are not yet familiar with the beautiful eustoma. Having recently appeared in flower shops, she won absolute love for the similarity with a rose and long flowering, even in a bouquet.
Eustoma is very similar to rose flowers, but when fully opened, it looks more like a poppy. Flowers of this beauty come in all sorts of shades, from greenish-white to lilac and bicolor. The inflorescences are quite large and can reach up to 8 centimeters in diameter. Like a rose, eustoma looks great in a bouquet, so it deserves the attention of florists and buyers. Today it is often found in wedding bouquets of eustoma white, and because of this it has acquired the second name - “the flower of the bride”. This plant is quite unpretentious in the care, and therefore is very popular both in large farms, where they grow flowers for sale, and in private collections of the home garden.
Eustoma is a fairly tall plant (up to 90 centimeters). The barrel is strong and has many branches. Additional stems diverge from the middle of the main one; therefore, one branch of eustoma looks like a whole bunch, since from each additional branch it matures from one to several buds. The second name for eustoma is lisianthus. She is a representative of the warm climate of Brazil and, therefore, was first grown as a houseplant or greenhouse plant. But over time, conducting selection and hardening, flower growers adapted it to grow in the open ground of our latitudes. Despite the fact that eustoma flowers are a biennial plant, it endures harsh winters poorly, therefore it is grown mainly as an annual. Lisianthus is distinguished by its long flowering and the ability to preserve the freshness of the cut for a long time, thanks to which it has become the favorite flower of florists. In addition, the plant has the ability to ripen (uncover closed buds), thus extending its "life".
To date, there are many varieties of plants - from low varieties to tall. Flowers can be velvety or simple.Growing eustoma at home involves the use of dwarf varieties, and for the garden and cut in bouquets grown tall varieties. Also eustomas can be both annual and biennial, this information is indicated on the package with seeds. With a more severe climate, it is worthwhile to opt for annuals, but if winter is not frosty in the growing region, you can try to grow a biennial plant.
Eustoma. When to sow?
The reproduction of this flower occurs by sowing seeds. By dividing the bush, eustomas do not reproduce, as they have rather fragile and tender roots that die when damaged and the plant dies. A little difficult process is the germination of seeds, but with success, the further cultivation of plants will not be difficult. Sowing seeds begin in the winter (from November to February), depending on what time of year and month the flowering is calculated. When calculating, it should be taken into account that eustoma flowers bloom at the 20th week after the first sprouts appear or at the 22nd week after sowing.
Peat mixes, ready-made earth mixes for Saintpaulia or peat tablets are suitable for cultivation. Seeds are sown in a superficial way, slightly pressed into the ground.Seedlings covered with plastic or a sheet of glass, creating the effect of a greenhouse. It is necessary to monitor the temperature - it should not be below 20 degrees. The optimum temperature for germinating seeds will be in the range of 20-25 degrees. Seeds sprout for quite a long time, about two weeks. New plants develop slowly and are afraid of waterlogging. The soil should be only slightly damp, because polyethylene or glass will create a greenhouse effect (this is quite enough). Periodically, the film or glass must be lifted to ventilate and remove condensate. This procedure is carried out with a frequency of 1 time per week. The best way to water is through the bottom or along the edge of the tank.
The first few months, seedlings are quite fragile. As the main care, timely moderate watering and diffused sunlight, which can be completely replaced by artificial, are necessary. By the end of winter, you can put shoots on the windows, where the sunlight falls, the plants will begin to grow a little faster. However, this method is applicable only in winter, when the sun is still not hot and is not capable of harming a young, tender plant.
For eustoma, timely prevention of possible diseases is most important. For this, the first months of young shoots are watered with a solution of "Fundazol" with the calculation of 1 teaspoon per liter of water. Also, young plants, for strengthening and growth, can be sprayed (diluting the preparation twice weaker than indicated on the package).
After two months, when young plants gain strength and get a little stronger, they can dive in separate pots. However, it should be remembered that they are quite fragile, so this process requires accuracy and care. The most important thing is not to damage the root system, otherwise the plant will die instantly. In order to dive seedlings, it is better to use tools such as a knitting needle or awl, tweezers, which will help to transplant young plants from one container to another quite accurately and quickly. In the prepared indentations in the new pot, the young seedlings are carefully planted, deepening it to the first leaves, press and consolidate the ground around them a little. After that, the transplanted young eustoma flowers are placed again in greenhouse conditions, covering the plants with film or glass.
Adult plant transplant
Already at the beginning or in the middle of spring, depending on when the seedlings were planted, healthy and adult plants are transplanted into separate large pots by the method of transshipment, in order to avoid damage to the root system. After this, the need for the device greenhouses no longer occurs. In such pots, the plant is kept before flowering, like home eustoma, or even until it is transplanted into the soil at a permanent place of growth.
Transplant into the ground
Already in the middle or end of May, adult eustomas can be transplanted into the open ground without fear of damage by cold winds and low temperatures. In order to determine whether the plant is ready for transplanting, it is enough to count its leaves. If their number is 6-8 pieces, then it is quite ready for life in the open field. Usually they are engaged in transplanting in the evening so that the noon sun will not scorch the tender plant. As in the previous stage, the plant is transplanted by transferring the earthen coma to a permanent place. For the first time, to get used to the plants to atmospheric conditions, it is covered with glass or plastic, gradually accustoming to life in the open air.This process may take several days. Eustoma, which was planted in this way, will not require complex care in the future. After schooling, the plant can be safely left to grow in a permanent place.
Eustoma in the garden
The best choice for eustome in the garden is a sunny plot with fertile soil saturated with humus or peat. The plant should not be poured, but in the open field the danger of the bay is not so great. It is extremely important to ensure that the soil remains moist and does not dry out - this may lead to wilting of the inflorescences and the termination of abundant flowering.
Eustoma can be fed. For this, a natural bred mullein (or bird droppings) or a special set of fertilizers for flowering plants are suitable.
With the implementation of all necessary conditions, eustoma will delight with its flowering from July to October. On each plant, due to the strong branching, up to 30 inflorescences can appear. On plants in open ground, buds live up to 2 months. Regular cutting of old buds provokes the development of new and longer and more abundant flowering.After the flowers have become pollinated and withered, seed boxes appear in their place. These seeds are quite suitable for sowing. In this way, you can grow up to three generations, during which the properties and characteristics of the flowers of the first plant are transmitted as follows.
Eustoma is a flower, care of which will not cause much trouble, and the plant will thank for its lush blooming. Only a few plants will be needed to create a fragrant, luxurious garden. That's what they love her for.