Flowers "bride and groom": planting and care
The flower "bride and groom" (in Latin - Campanula) is a very gentle and extremely romantic plant. It is believed that in the house it brings home comfort and family happiness. And this is not at all surprising. The unpretentious bell can decorate any interior. Previously, these wonderful flowers were very popular. They were given to the happiness of the newlyweds. It was believed that a family where such bells bloom well and grow will be very strong and happy.
Campanula (“The Bride and Groom”) is a perennial grassy bell from the Mediterranean. In the nature of these flowers, there are approximately 300 species. The plant height is about 20 cm, creeping stems, creeping, heart-shaped leaves are located on long petioles. Their length is 5 cm. The surface of the leaves is light green, the edges are notched. The flowers of the campanula are white or light blue, five-petalled, bell-shaped, resembling a star, up to 4 cm in diameter. They bloom on the tips of the shoots and form a magnificent ball of bells.
The garden flower "bride and groom" blooms throughout the entire warm period of the year almost continuously and so abundantly that behind the hat of "stars" sometimes there is not even visible foliage. Flowering begins in the spring and lasts until the deepest autumn. Type of fruit - box.
Potted flowers "bride and groom": how to care
Campanula is a very delicate, but completely unpretentious flowers that do not require complex care at home. More on this will be discussed below.
Location and lighting
Flower "bride and groom" prefers a bright but diffused light. The best place for him is the east or west window. If the plant is placed on the south side, you will need to create shading to get rid of exposure to direct sunlight. On the north window, the flower is likely to be insufficient light, which can lead to stretching of the shoots and an increase in the gaps between the leaves, which will worsen the appearance of the campanula. In summer, the flower feels great when the air temperature is 20-22 ° C, in winter - from 12 to 15 ° C.
Watering and moisture
In spring and summer, when the flowers "bride and groom" are actively growing and blooming, they need abundant watering and constant soil moisture. However, this should also know the measure.Water should not stagnate in pots or pallets. In the autumn, watering plants should be gradually reduced so that the flowers can prepare for rest. In winter, when the "bride and groom" are kept cool, they should be watered very rarely (once or twice a month). The plant is completely unpretentious to moisture. However, in the heat and when placed in the winter next to the battery, regular spraying of the leaves with water at room temperature will not be superfluous.
Flowering and resting period
Flowers "Bride and Groom" are white, blue or purple. To ensure a more abundant and prolonged flowering, it is necessary to carry out the timely removal of withered bells. In the summer it will be nice to keep campanula in partial shade in the fresh air. Interestingly, if you place the plant in the winter on the south window, it may bloom. In the fall, during the contraction of daylight hours, the campanula stops its growth and turns into a state of rest. In order to better prepare the flower for seasonal rest, cut the stretched branches and provide coolness to the plant. In spring, the “bride and groom” flowers are returned to a warm room, remove dried shoots, and increase little watering.
Transplanting and feeding
Campanula prefers loose soil that allows the roots to breathe freely. For its planting, you can buy ready-made soil for flowering plants or make a mixture, the ingredients of which are:
• leafy ground;
• peat land;
• coarse sand.
Campanula is transplanted every spring, in the second or third decade of March. However, the plant is not too long life, so every year you can plant new cuttings. Campanula, on average, lives for 1-2 years in a room, then it should be updated. It is very important that at the bottom of the plant pot there is a drainage layer in a third of the tank.
Flowers "bride and groom" are great for growing in pots and hanging tanks. The powerful root system of the campanula needs a wide, not deep, pot.
In the spring and summer, the plant can be fed bi-weekly with fertilizers for flowering plants.
Flower "bride and groom": reproduction
Campanula propagation can be carried out in several ways.
- Seeds. At the campanula they are very small. They are planted in containers with earth, evenly distributed over the surface, and a little sprinkled with the same soil on top.Seedlings do not need watering, it is better to spray.
- Cuttings. This is an easier way. Use only cuttings from the bottom of the shoots. With the onset of early spring, when young shoots grow to 10–20 cm, they are carefully “cut down” and cut into water or planted in the ground, watered with phytosporin solution and placed in a greenhouse. The cuttings planted in summer in the autumn-winter period are resting, and from January or February they can already begin to bloom. The optimum temperature for rooting is 12-13 ° C.
- The division of the bush. With the onset of spring, the expanded plant is removed from the pot and divided with a sharp knife into two or three parts. It is necessary to try not to shake off the earthen room in order not to accidentally damage the roots. When planting flowers are not much buried.
Diseases and pests of the plant
The most common problem of the campanula is gray mold fungal disease. As a rule, the cause of its occurrence is excessive watering and too high humidity. When the roots begin to rot, the plant becomes very sluggish, and the soil gets an unpleasant smell. What needs to be done? First of all, remove the affected part and transplant the flower.In addition, watering should be reduced.
Campanula pests that must be controlled with insecticides are:
So, the "bride and groom" is a gentle and unpretentious flower from the bell family. Enough to provide it with suitable conditions and care, and the plant will give a lush scattering of beautiful flowers and turn the house into a real fabulous garden.