"Flatiron Building". Skyscraper in Manhattan: address, description
In any large metropolisA building or a building that is his business card. For example, in Paris, such a tourist attraction can be considered the Eiffel Tower, in Moscow - the Kremlin, and New York, of course, can be proud of its skyscrapers. One of them is the Flatiron Building in Manhattan, which is considered the most famous high-rise building, erected in the twentieth century.
Description of a skyscraper
The "building-iron" in New York, despite itsa large height of 83 meters, and an angular view, looks pretty elegant. The skyscraper is decorated in the style of classical architecture of the last century - without excessive flashy decorations. Its walls and exterior design of the windows are simple. They are decorated with voluminous images and ornaments with a deep relief. The structure is decorated with various ornate elements, creating a unique game of shadows and light.
The Flatiron Building (New York) became a true symbol of New America, as it was built on the threshold of future technical and scientific progress.
If you come close to an unusual building, thenthere can be an impression that the nose of a huge ocean liner arises before a person. Cars passing through the structure create the illusion of a skyscraper movement.
In this high-rise building there are twentyone tier, and the most magnificent panorama opens from the corner offices and rooms of the structure. From different angles the skyscraper has a completely different appearance. It can resemble a thin column, a ship, or be carried up by a swift wall.
Design and construction of a skyscraper
The territory on which the structure is located,changed a large number of its owners, before it appeared on this building. Unsettled, this land remained because of all sorts of disagreements between the owners and the state. As a result, it was bought by George Fuller, who was a shareholder of a well-known construction company. It was he who made the decision that this building should rise.
The idea of building such a triangular shapewas associated with the fact that in those days ocean liners, symbolizing the technical progress of the last century, were popular. The beautiful and proud appearance of these ships was a source of inspiration for the architect and engineer Daniel H. Burnham, who designed and built this skyscraper, reminiscent of a large ship of stone. He was hired by the director of the company Fuller Company for these works, as he was a true professional in his field.
A talented American was most productiveUse when building a building a small piece of land at the crossroads of two New York streets. The decision of the architect to build there the "Flatiron Building" of an unusual triangular shape turned out to be winning in all plans.
The erection of the structure began in 1901. and two years later it was completed. When it was created, wireframe technology was used, therefore Flatiron Building is considered to be the first multi-storey building built on the basis of such metal beams. It was thanks to this design that it was built in such a record time. Now residents and guests of New York can admire the magnificent architectural object, which is a real decoration of this city.
How did the name appear?
Many tourists who come for excursions to theManhattan, he wondered what the Flatiron Building could mean. It turns out that the name of this skyscraper in Russian sounds like an "iron" and given to this building is not accidental. At that time, all the buildings erected on the corner of three streets, received just such a nickname.
The first of these was a building in Philadelphia, andafter it such appeared in New York and was called "Flatiron Building". Despite all the years that have passed since its erection, the building has not lost its majesty and charm, so it still captures the views of tourists and is considered a real pride of the townspeople.
But immediately after the completion of constructionskyscraper, many engineers and builders spoke out against the construction is quite critical. For example, a journalist from a well-known architectural publishing house said that the construction of an unscrupulous and erected without a single attempt to hide such unattractiveness. In addition, a large number of windows in the structure were criticized.
However, despite such negativeutterances, after a while the "house-iron" was completely occupied by tenants, and after six months of existence there was not a single free office in it. Thanks to this unusual form of the skyscraper, many rooms there were rented by famous artists and other representatives of the bohemian world. Therefore, the street Fifth Avenue has become one of the most respectable areas of the city.
For more than a century of history, the building was used only for offices. During the First World War, the Russian military was stationed there, in charge of procuring defense equipment in the United States.
Skyscraper several times changed the owners. In 2010, half of the building was purchased by the investment company Sorgente Group in order to make it a comfortable luxury hotel. While this remains only in the plans, as the company will have to wait many more years, while the current tenants will end the contract for the lease of the premises.
Current status of the structure
Currently, the skyscraper in Manhattan places several headquarters of large American corporations, as well as many famous publishers.
In addition, the structure is considered not onlyoffice center and the most popular building of the city, but also one of the historical sights of the country, entered in the US National Register. Therefore, a large number of tourists come here to take pictures of Flatiron Building, which makes it one of the most photographed buildings in the world.
Also this skyscraper is often used in various television commercials and documentaries as the most easily recognizable symbol of New York.
This building is connected by one ratheran intriguing moment. At the beginning of the twentieth century, there were many women's clothing stores nearby. All the ladies of that era, going to boutiques that were on the same stretch of the street, where there is a skyscraper, tried to bypass it the other way. And it happened because in this place rose lush skirts ladies from behind the walls of the building, converging at an acute angle and creating an action similar to the wind tunnel, causing air currents.
Of course, such a spectacle enjoyed a greatpopular with men and gathered crowds of onlookers, constantly on duty near the skyscraper. Over time, this event even became part of pop culture, which resulted in the production of many postcards with women dressed near the "house-iron" with their dresses raised from the wind.
Anyone who will be in New York and wants to see with his own eyes this masterpiece of architecture, will be able to find it at this address: Fifth Avenue, 175.
You can get there by metro (and get off at station 23 St) or by buses M1, M5, M3 or M2.
This building at first glance at it is guaranteed to make a great impression even on the most sophisticated tourist.