Flag and coat of arms of the Republic of Bashkortostan
The State Emblem of the Republic of Bashkortostan inThe version that we see now has been adopted quite recently. The flag as a symbol of the state has also undergone many changes. Changes in state symbols, the coat of arms and the flag of the Republic of Belarus have left a mark on history.
The influence of history and politics on state symbols
The Republic of Bashkortostan was part of Russia, andtherefore the political history of our country is completely connected with Bashkiria. Tsarist Russia after the revolution began to be called the RSFSR, then the USSR was formed, and now the Russian Federation. In connection with these political changes, the appearance of the state symbols of Bashkortostan, the coat of arms and the flag changed.
A bit of history about how the emblem of the Republic of Bashkortostan was created
In the early 17th century, when Bashkiria became a part of theRussia, in the order of the Kazan Palace, the first seal was made for the Ufa Prikaznaya hut. The seal was the first coat of arms of the capital of Bashkiria, the city of Ufa. It showed a traveling marten.
In 1730 two drafts of arms were approvedthe city of Ufa. There was an old coat of arms with a running marten and a new, running white horse appeared. The coat of arms was used on the flag of the Ufa garrison regiment, and the coat of arms with the marten was in the Ufa office.
In the creation of the Ufa viceroyalty at the end of 18many new arms appeared. They were not politically colored. But in 1878 they approved the first coat of arms of the Ufa province. It was based on an old coat of arms with a traveling marten and had the appearance of a silver shield. At the top was the imperial crown, along the edges - golden oak leaves with St. Andrew's ribbon, in the center - an azure running marten.
History of the creation of the flag
The former heraldic symbols were abolishedafter the revolution in 1917. The Bashkir Central Council on November 29 of that year announced the autonomy of Bashkiria as part of the Russian Federation. Order No. 4547 was approved on August 20 in 1918 by the Bashkir national flag. It was three-striped (blue, white, green). Then from 1924 the flag has a political coloring. It became completely scarlet. In the upper corner to the left was a red star with a gold fringing, and above it gold is marked with a sickle and a hammer.
In 1938, the flag of the BASSR was again changed: the inscription "RSFSR" was added and the "Bashkir ASSR" was written slightly less.
Again the flag of BASSR was changed on March 31 in 1954year. A wide blue-blue strip appeared along the flag pole. In this form, the flag lasted quite a long time. On February 25, 1992, the Supreme Council of the BASSR approved an updated national flag. Then the Bashkir ASSR began to be called in a new way - the Republic of Bashkortostan. February 25 is considered the Day of the National Flag of the Republic of Belarus.
Legislative Chamber of the State AssemblyOn May 27, 1999, the Republic of Belarus adopted the Law on State Symbols of the Republic of Belarus. Since then, and to this day, only one change in the proportion of the flag was made. The flag was 1: 2, and became 2: 3 (width to length).
The modern coat of arms of the Republic of Bashkortostan isa symbol of the sovereignty of the republic. After the October Revolution, simultaneously with the flag, the state emblem of the Bashkir Republic was created. The Bashkir Central Executive Committee in March 1925 approves the arms of the ABSSR. On the arms was the inscription "ABSSR", below in Russian and in Bashkir it was written "Proletarians of all countries, unite". Attributes of the coat of arms were a sickle and a hammer.
In February 1938, the changes were again madein the arms of the Republic of Bashkortostan. It was similar to the state emblem of the RSFSR, it was distinguished only by inscriptions in small letters "Bashkir ASSR" and translation in the Bashkir language. With minor changes, this coat of arms existed on October 12, 1993. Then the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus approved a new state emblem, which exists to this day.
So in connection with the historical events inpolitical life of Russia the Republic of Bashkortostan changed. The coat of arms and the flag also underwent changes along with it constantly. Symbolism developed along with the republic.
Description of the emblem of the Republic of Bashkortostan
In the center of the emblem is a horse monumentthe national poet-hero of Bashkiria Salavat Yulaev. Batyr in the national costume sits in the saddle, stretching one arm forward, as if to the rising sun, which sparkles with golden rays at the pedestal of the monument. The monument and the sun with rays of bright yellow and dark gold color.
On the pedestal of the monument is a white circle,in which is a green kurai flower. The flower shows seven rays, which symbolize the unification of seven genera residing in Bashkortostan. The rounded edges of the coat of arms are edged with a gold national pattern. Below the coat of arms wraps the ribbon, stylized under the national flag of Bashkortostan. In the center of the tape there is an inscription in black letters on the white background - "Bashkortostan".
The coat of arms of the Republic of Bashkortostan is listed in the State Heraldic Register of the Russian Federation for No. 164. The author of the coat of arms is Fazletdin Farrakhovich Islakhov.
Description of the flag of the Republic of Belarus
The modern flag of the Republic of Belarus consists of equal three strips,located horizontally. The upper band is blue-blue, the middle bar is white, and the lower bar is green. On the middle strip on a white background in the center there is a flower of the kurai, made in gold.
Blue color speaks about purity of thoughts and virtues of the people of Bashkortostan. White color means openness to mutual cooperation and peace. Green color is eternal life and freedom.
The most multi-ethnic and peace-loving Republic of Bashkortostan. The emblem and the flag of the republic directly position this.