Fiber plates: properties, application
Fibrolitovy plates gained popularity in the construction market. This material is chipboard blocks.
The composition of fiberboard plates
The described material is obtained by mixing wood chips, which is a tape 50 centimeters long and more. In addition, the material contains cement as well as water. In the production process, wood chips are treated with calcium chloride and a solution of liquid glass. Then the resulting mixture is pressed, and then well listened. This allows you to form a plate, which are called fibrolitovye.
Technical features of fiberboard
Fiber plates may have different density, respectively, in the production process they are assigned different markings. The material that is used as a heater, has the marking M300. The plates used for thermal insulation and for design have the marking M400 and M500.A higher grade indicates impressive density and worse thermal conductivity. Thus, a higher grade is less suitable for use as a thermal insulation material. Fiberboard construction plates are used for the construction of load-bearing walls, which indicates the possibility of using the material in the construction of houses. However, in the decoration of premises, the conditions of which are characterized by high humidity, the use of this material is not recommended, as it can be affected by fungus.
Fibrolitovy plates are available in different sizes. Thus, the length of the product can vary from 2 to 2.4 meters. The width varies from 50 to 60 centimeters. You can choose the material and thickness, this parameter varies from 5 to 10 centimeters.
Positive features of the plates
Fibrolitovy plate "Greenboard" can be used in different areas, depending on marking. This material is used quite often, as it is quite easy to install. The plates repel water quite well, absorbing liquid in a minimal amount.This distinguishes this material from other chipboard counterparts. Plaster mixtures adhere quite well to such surfaces. The life of such products is long, they are environmentally friendly and fire resistant. When exposed to flame material does not burn.
Field of use
If there is a need to make construction and repair work, you can consider fiberboard for this. Fibrolitovy plates can be used as a fixed timbering. To arrange such a design on vertical racks, it is necessary to fix the plates, filling the solution between them. Foam concrete or wood concrete can be used as a last. Due to the fact that the fiberboard plates are not dismantled after the mortar hardens, they can serve as insulating material. On their surface can be applied for aesthetic appearance plaster layer.
Fiber plates, properties, the use of which are described in this article, are also used today in panel-frame construction of residential buildings. Apply this material and, if necessary, the construction of internal partitions, as well as for the arrangement of the roof, floor and wall decoration.If the material has a low density, then it is often used not only as a heater and for structural purposes, but also as an acoustic material. At the same time, the air humidity in the premises should not exceed 75 percent. The sphere of use of fibrolitovy plates is rather wide, products of average density are used for sound insulation.
Comparing polystyrene foam with fibrolite
Cement fiber is often compared with polystyrene foam. These materials are used in the same areas. Experts say that when compared with polystyrene foam fibrolite as a fixed formwork wins in matters of environmental friendliness, in addition, it is able to pass air. Fiberboard creates the possibility of building a breathing house. Among other things, it has a high fire resistance, its hazard class is defined as G1.
However, fiberboard loses in the original thermal resistance. If we compare fibrolite with a density of 450 kilograms per cubic meter with expanded polystyrene with a density of 25-35 kg per cubic meter, then the first option has a thermal conductivity of 0.063 W / m * ° C, while the second - 0.035 W / m * ° C .But fibrolite with a density of 200 kilograms per cubic meter has a density equivalent to 0.06 W / m * ° C.
Varieties of wood-cement materials
Wood-cement products act as a type of lightweight concrete. Wood is used as a placeholder. Depending on what kind of aggregate is used in the material, as well as what the ratio of cement and aggregate is, the physical and technical features will change. Cement-bonded chipboards, for example, are extruded slabs made on the basis of pressed chips, which undergo processing with a binder in the form of cement. The second type of material is chip-cement plates, which are mineralized wood chips and cement. Cement fiber mat is insulating building material, which is obtained by the method of forming slabs of a mixture of wood wool, liquid glass, as well as a binder in the form of portland cement or white cement.
The unique characteristics of fiberboard
Long fibers allow you to form a material that has a low density.The described material is the only material that consists of wood and cement and has similar characteristics. The looseness of the material, as well as the presence of air pores in its body, makes it possible to use fiberboard of insignificant density as an effective insulation material. Among other things, loose structure, low and medium density make the material an excellent noise absorber. In particular, this characteristic is manifested in terms of impact noise.
Choosing fiberboard plates, you should carefully familiarize yourself with their characteristics, since they have not only positive, but also negative properties. Among the latter, the possibility of material damage by a fungus and all kinds of harmful microorganisms can be especially distinguished. After the occurrence of them is quite difficult to get rid of. These features of the material must be considered before purchasing.