Fertilizer Spreaders: Types, Adjustment, Use
Undoubtedly, the emergence of technology in agricultural processes greatly simplifies many activities. The use of machines saves time and sometimes even money. Modern industry produces various fertilizer spreaders, which are worth considering in more detail.
The expediency of application
During the cultivation of any agricultural products fertilization is an important, but very time-consuming process. Without regular dressings you cannot get a good harvest.
Large areas are more difficult to fertilize, it takes a lot of time and effort. To facilitate the task created special fertilizer spreaders. Their purpose is to minimize human participation in this exhausting form of work. These complex units manage to take the bulk of the work, making life easier for farmers.
Fertilizer spreaders are classified by several parameters. First of all - the type of elements added to the soil. That is, they can be used to add mineral or organic components.
Fertilizer machines are divided by their functions. They can help:
- transport fertilizer.
Fertilizer spreaders are applied to the soil fertilizing in the following forms:
- in granules;
- manure compounds;
- liquid solutions.
Depending on the mounting features, these machines are:
- Self-propelled. This technique works autonomously, does not require connection to other machines.
- Trailed - they are attached to the tractor.
- Semitrailers. They can be attached to machines or work independently.
- Hinged. Hung up to other agricultural machines.
- Manual type. These spreaders are suitable for small areas.
Manual-type fertilizer spreaders are often produced by farmers themselves. They are based on a cart or car. A technician works in centrifugal, pneumatic or pendulum type.
Advantages and disadvantages
Any technology has its pros and cons.The advantages of such units include:
- fast paced delivery of nutritional formulations;
- ability to handle vast areas;
- saving time when applying fertilizer;
- uniform coverage of the site with nutrient mixtures of large volumes;
- making compositions only during the movement of the unit;
- In some models there is a function to adjust the fertilizer applied;
- The ability to use for other agricultural purposes - for example, for scattering seeds.
The disadvantages include the high cost of aggregates. Farmers who have small plots at their disposal prefer to create spreaders with their own hands.
To handle large areas should purchase professional equipment in a specialty store. A variety of models allows you to choose the option required for processing a specific territory. The cost of such a technique will pay off in a few years.
Consider the most popular manufacturers.
This German company produces trailed and self-propelled spreaders. They are easy to use and reliable in operation.
The manufacturer uses only high-quality resources for the production of its equipment. Units are notable for uninterrupted work, they allow to accurately apply the necessary dosages of fertilizers, which prevents overdose when using dressings.
This is a French company offering different models of spreaders. Among them: Easypread, Protwin Slinger, Prospread. All models are equipped with a function for side and rear spreading of nutrient mixtures.
The advantages of this French technology experts believe the uniformity of the composition and accuracy in dosing.
The manufacturer develops incentive measures for its regular customers. If the rules of operation of equipment are not violated, the service time is extended. In some samples there is a hydraulic piston-pusher, there are no unnecessary elements like chains.
Danish manufacturer offering simple and convenient units. In all devices, the minimum number of adjustments. The operator can set the desired parameters with one knob.
The disks of the unit rotate towards each other, therefore the field is treated with fertilizers evenly.The blades of the device have an original shape.
With the help of aggregates of this company, nutrients can be applied both in the center and along the edges of the field. Filter nets do not allow scattering large nutrient pieces.
Manufacturer from Germany, producing models of spreaders with a working plane of considerable width. It can reach 40 meters. In the models there is a function of adjusting the fertilizer spreader according to the applied compositions. Allow to apply various fertilizers:
- in the form of lumps;
- bird droppings.
The equipment of this company can work on areas with grown plants, since the trajectory of the scattered substances is quite high.
In the spreaders there is an onboard computer that allows you to customize the fertilizer spreader, as well as the hydraulic system.
Polish company that produces RSW units for making various types of dressings. The brand has proven itself on Russian soils.
Load capacity of the units - from 5.5 to 10 tons. Some models have wheels of sufficient width to work on slippery soil.Thanks to the sieve, the nutrient mix bunker is protected from foreign objects. The discs are made of high quality steel. The limiter ensures the accuracy of making compositions.
Very popular equipment in Russia. The company has 140 years of experience.
The working width of the units is from 10 to 52 meters. The volume of working tanks - from 1000 to 4200 liters. All spreaders are fairly simple in their design. They are of centrifugal type, have bunkers for exhausting without seams and corners, which helps fertilizers quickly slide and simplifies the process of cleaning equipment.
In some models it is possible to weigh the mixtures and calculate the optimal amount for a specific territory. The on-board computer allows you to make work comfortable. All equipment is made of corrosion-resistant metals. The special technique of applying paint makes the topcoat extremely resistant to any impacts.
A large number of dealers facilitates the search for spare parts for the equipment of this company.
Consider also the specific models of units used in Russian fields.
It is a mineral fertilizer spreader used to distribute solid as well as bulk mixtures. The design is made in such a way that the device captures an area 20-24 meters wide.For an hour the device can process from 8 to 16 hectares of the area.
L-116 is used for planting siderats. It is attached to the tractors of class 0.6 and more.
Organic fertilizer spreader, which is used for fertilizing and transportation. As a raw material, liquid and dry formulations can be used.
It looks like a trailer. When you turn on fertilizers fall on the spreading device, the conveyor transmits them to the spreading parts. As soon as the tipper section is free, the hydraulic system is disconnected.
The dosage of fertilizer is regulated by the speed of movement of the conveyor.
Fertilizers are applied in widths from 5 to 8 meters. The machine is serviced by one tractor driver.
This is mainly trailed equipment, which can be used as a cart when disconnecting the tractor shaft. Models of this company have high performance characteristics, they are suitable for covering large areas.
The equipment has a high speed of work, the most convenient spreading width is 8 meters, and a comfortable conveyor for unloading trains.
The disadvantage of the units is that they cannot work independently and require aggregation with tractors.
This technique combines price and quality.The dimensions of the unit are not too impressive, but the useful volume is 940 liters.
Can distribute fertilizer to a width of 14 to 21 meters.
The design of the "Farmer-950" has the strength and reliability. The added hydraulic flap provides the most convenient level of loading and a comfortable fertilizer feed process.
It is possible to adjust the width of the capture and dosing of fertilizers. Gearbox does not require maintenance. The grille protects against the ingress of unnecessary items.
This domestic unit is not inferior to many expensive imported structures.
These spreaders produced in Neftekamsk allow fertilizers to be applied at any stage of agricultural activity. Equipment refers to semi-trailer type. They are used to add and transport mineral compounds. With the help of RUM aggregates fertilizers are applied in the form of powder, crystals and granules. Fertilizers are added to the soil in spring and autumn.
There is a function to control the volume and density of nutrient compositions.
This mounted fertilizer spreader is used to apply manure or compost mixtures. It is aggregated with tractors.Manages the construction tractor. The machine makes fertilizer width of 35 meters.
This is a mounted mineral fertilizer spreader. The design is used for plant nutrition and for planting crops. It allows you to scatter fertilizer granules on the surface. After that, they need to be embedded in the soil with special tools. Similar cars are applied on various sites, except mountain areas. The slope of the soil should not exceed 8 degrees. The car is considered exact, reliable and convenient in operation.
As already mentioned, the type of device and the principle of operation of the units can be trailed and mounted. It all depends on the needs of the farmer and the characteristics of his agricultural activities. The following models are referred to as hook-on: PRT-7, ROU-6, MTT-9, MTU, LMR PTU-17 and others. Mounted units are: RUN-800, RUM, RSN 800 and others.
Trailers are more convenient than mounted ones, because after emptying one trailer, the mechanic attaches the next one and continues its work.
An experienced farmer can make a simple fertilizer spreader with his own hands. This will be a miniature model. The basis is taken garden wheelbarrow.In its case it is necessary to make 11 holes and close each with a rotating plate. Above each plate have two throwers. Moving, the wheels will transmit the rotation of the plates and the camshaft.