Favoritism - what is it? Favorites and rulers. Origin of the word and its use

In the article it is told that favoritism - what is it? Favorites - everyone knows the word. Its origin is explained here, its synonyms and examples of use are given.

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All at least once, but heard this word, and most oftenit is associated either with the era of court intrigues, or with sports. In fact, it can be used in different situations, not limited to the examples listed. We will analyze its origin, translation, synonyms and the most frequent circumstances of use. So what are the favorites?

Origin

Like a very large number of words, it came toto us from other languages ​​and contains in itself both Italian and Latin roots. In Italian it sounds like a favorito, and in Latin it's a favor. The translation is the same - "benevolence". Simply put, a favorite is called one or another person who enjoys someone's protection, favor or popularity in the framework of some competitions or a single society. So what are favorites in simpler language?

Palace intrigues

what are favorites

According to the encyclopedia, such a thing as favoritism- this phenomenon, which existed earlier under the monarchic palaces, under which a single person could enjoy the favor of the monarch, he could exalt it. Or else it could be a whole group of people, not just one person.

For such a phenomenon is very characteristicofficial or unofficial transfer of some rights and duties of the ruler, their delegation. Also, history knows cases when favorites used absolutely all powers of the monarch, and bypassing the established rules, laws or traditions. So now we know what the favorites are.

Causes

favorite translation

But what are the reasons for this phenomenon? Why does not the monarch rule himself, and transfer some of his duties to another person?

It's not just about personal affection and disposition. The favorite does not have to be alone, because, in fact, favoritism helps to concentrate power in the circle of closest friends and courtiers, in which the ruler is confident.

Perhaps the most striking example of this phenomenoncan be considered the history of Catherine II and her 11 favorites, among which the most "main" and famous was Count Orlov. It is estimated that only the cost of official gifts to this group of people amounted to 92 million rubles! This is a fabulous amount, which several times exceeded the annual budget of the country of that era. Not to mention such gifts as titles, estates and serfs.

Synonym for the word "favorite"

Synonyms for this word are as follows:

  • Favorite.
  • Gambling.
  • Idol.
  • Beloved.
  • The subject of love.
  • Protege.

However, the view that the favorites are mandatorywere in intimacy with the rulers, mistakenly. Yes, such cases have happened, but they are not at all obligatory. By and large, such gossip is spread by authors of pseudo-historical books and other works.

Sport

Synonym for favorite word

In sport, you can also hear this word. It is applied to those participants of the competition who have the most potential chances of winning. Also so can not only call athletes, people, but also animals. For example, horses at the races.

So we disassembled the meaning of the word "favorite", translating it, the most frequent use cases.

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