Farewell to Pushkin: an account of the memories of friends
Consider a topic that interests so manypupils of the senior classes, "Farewell to Pushkin". The presentation of its main theses may be required in a literature lesson, since this topic is quite interesting and extensive. In this case, sources containing a description of this tragic event, it is desirable to use a wide variety. The main thing here is to depict as accurately as possible how the people perceived the news of the poet's death and how farewell to Pushkin passed. The presentation can be based on the memoirs of eyewitnesses. This, in particular, was written very much by the friends and friends of the poet: Prince PA Vyazemsky, VA Zhukovsky, AI Turgenev and others. We will rely on their texts in the future.
Farewell to Pushkin. Where to find the statement?
Now, from the memories of the life and death of the great talent, we will try to restore those days and those emotions that all those who loved Pushkin had to relive and were affectionately attached to him.
The tragic news of his injury to the duel is veryquickly spread across St. Petersburg. On January 28, crowds of people from different estates began to come to the embankment of the Moika, where the poet's house was located. Familiar and unfamiliar, they went up to the front door and called, hoping to find out the good news. There were so many visitors that Zhukovsky was forced to hang a ballot in which it was written that the patient was in extremely serious condition, and it sounded like a funeral ringing.
Farewell to Pushkin. Text of presentation
But people did not disperse. Meanwhile, the poet's pulse was barely perceptible. His life went away forever with each passing minute. In the office, where he was dying, all the relatives gathered. Zhukovsky was sitting and silently sobbing. Natalia Nikolaevna, finding an excuse, was taken out. Friends stood silently next to the bed of the dying man, when suddenly he rose slightly on the bed and said: "Life is over." His face tied the mask of death, at these moments it began to express solemn calm. Zhukovsky went out to the crowd and announced that Alexander Sergeyevich had died. A mournful silence hung in the air. Twilight was approaching, a soft thick snow came. This happened on January 29 (February 10) in 1837.
V. A. Zhukovsky
Zhukovsky described all this in detail in his letter to the deceased friend's father, Sergei Lvovich, which was published under the heading "The Last Minutes of Pushkin."
Prince P. A. On February 14, 1837, Vyazemsky wrote to the Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich that after Alexander's death, only 300 rubles were found in his whole house, Count Stroganov immediately hastened to announce that he was taking the costs of the funeral and wanted to arrange a very solemn funeral. However, very soon other orders came to him.
P. A. Vyazemsky
In the continuation of the theme "Farewell to Pushkin"The statement should be continued because the body was ordered to be taken out at night without torches and taken to the Stables church. Supposedly it was necessary for public safety. To say good bye to a friend came about ten people. Vyazemsky described his indignation about this. On the day of Pushkin's funeral, there were a lot of gendarmes in the house and on the street, and this instead of loved ones and admirers of his talent! This was due to the fact that Nicholas I ordered a parade at the Winter Palace of 60,000 cavalry and infantry, which was the pretext for carrying the funeral of Pushkin's body from St. Isaac's Cathedral to the Stables Church.
Natalie, not listening to the objections of the courtiers,buried her husband in a dress coat, and not in the Junkers' uniform - a "striped coat", as Pushkin also called it. He once dropped a note to her in a letter, which she remembered: "It's little consolation for me to be buried in a striped caftan."
Turgenev recalled that closer to midnight the bodythe deceased was taken from Konyushennaya church. Among the escorted in the tent were Turgenev himself, a postman, a gendarme and a servant of the deceased. The coffin of the great Russian poet was ridden on a postal sledge, wrapped in matting and hidden under straw.
On the way, they stopped at Pushkin's favorite placeTrigorskoye, where his neighbor lived on an estate and a great friend - Praskovya Alexandrovna Osipova with her daughters. One of them remembered that they had heard about Pushkin's duel, but they did not know anything else. And then on February 5, 1837 Alexander Ivanovich and another man drove to them, they drove a box in long sleighs and, not knowing the road to the Svyatogorsky monastery, decided to turn to them at the estate. Strongly vegetated, they wanted to rest, because the frost in those days was terrible.
Everything seemed to have turned out specially, because PushkinI could not help saying goodbye to the adored Trigorsky. My mother lodged guests for the night and in the morning she equipped the peasants from Trigorskoye and Mikhailovskaya to the Holy Mountains to dig a grave.
Pushkin was buried by several monks along withthe abbot of the monastery, Turgenev and two young ladies. In spring Osipova PA ennobled the crypt of the poet, since none of his relatives visited Alexander's grave, and the poet's wife arrived only two years later.
This was the farewell to Pushkin. The presentation of this topic students write on a given source. Most often in the role of the latter are exactly the texts of memories we have presented.