Farce is the main genre in the medieval theater
Medieval comic theater genre -comedy. Fars is a strange child of two incompatible parents. If the comedy is his mother, then the father who gave him the name became the church text, in which the farce called inserts (translation - "stuffing") - Epistola cum farsa or Epistola farsita, however, there were many of them in hymns and even simply in prayers. If we continue the comparison, considering family ties, then there is not too far away and so loved by the ancient Roman population of the tragedy. Farce in this case was that the arena of poor tragedians devoured predatory animals for the cheerful cries of the audience. It is not for nothing that the saying goes that any action is only the first time can be a tragedy, repeated twice - already a farce. This ceases to convince. So what is a farce?
So, the term entrenched for a smalldramatic interlude in the 12th century. The farce is both the family's problems, the relations of the servant and the master, and the wickedness, and the adventures of soldiers and students, any ridiculous cases of life as farm laborers and traders, and judges and officials.The imaginative series are full of comic situations,achieved by quite cheap means - with the help of brawls and quarrels. The development of the plot involves skipping from one place of action to another, there is no unity. The characters do not reveal themselves deeply, the characters are basically punning and picking. The topics are diverse and borrowed most often from the surrounding everyday life. The staging means are the most primitive, since there is no provision for performances. By the end of the 15th century, the number of farces increased, the genre flourished.
Farce is the flowering of the French theater
The French theater, for all its rudeness, is alreadyThe 12th century acquired some purely farcical traits. Construction on witty plot moves. Characters - the predecessor of the Harlequin (Herlequin), an alchemist, a monk. Particularly famous is the trilogy about Potilen, a lawyer, a trickster and a scoundrel. Author unknown. Suspected and Villon, and de la Salle, and Blanche. The edifying and political farces were composed by Queen Margo (Navarre, the same). Much later, the farce in the comedies of the famous Moliere constantly shone through. For example, "Imaginary sick" or "Scraps of Scapin". The critical time for the development of the theater is the 17th century. Farce leaves the French stage. In its place with triumph comes a full-fledged literary comedy.
Fars is the father of Italian comedy
Farce, in itself is not too independentdramatic action, had a huge impact on the theatrical art of the whole world. In particular, Italy became a real home for farce, but eventually received a talented child - the comedy del arte, with the immortal masks of Colombina, Pantalone, Doctor and Harlequin.
Farce is the main genre on the stage of medieval Europe
Literature and other European countries leftwe inherited samples of this genre. In Germany, there were Maslenitsa games that plague human weaknesses. In the 12th and 15th centuries, the Meistersingers (German poets-singers), especially the Nurembergs, most often succeeded in writing farces. Like the knights, proud of their origin, the Mastersingers were real professionals and respected the art of poetry as a craft. And in Spain he created Cervantes. The most famous farces of his ingenious pen are "Two Chatterers" and "The Theater of Wonders".