Educational law, its sources and principles
Education in our country is officially consideredpriority area of the state. For the proper functioning of such a large-scale social institution, effective instruments of regulation and stimulation are needed.
Educational law is a collectionlegal norms that control the activities of educational subjects. Also in the sphere of its impact is the process of education of the younger generation. In particular, the educational law operates in three major areas:
1. It acts as an arbiter between subjects of educational activity in the recognition of an educational institution on an international scale (the human right to education, the legitimacy of international cooperation of educational institutions, etc.).
2. Regulation of relations between educational institutions and state bodies (attestation, accreditation, creation, licensing and other necessary procedures).
3. Educational law establishes the order of relations between educational institutions and students or their parents. These include the rules of admission to educational institutions, a list of the directions of educational programs, the content of final examinations, etc.
Sources of educational law are international and Russian legal laws, norms and acts that regulate the sphere of education.
International sources refer toThe Convention on the Rights of the Child (Article 28), the Declaration of Human Rights (Article 26), the Convention against Discrimination in Education (Article 1) and other international agreements.
To the Russian legislative acts, regulatingstate policy in the field of education, include the RF Law "On Education" (1992) and the Federal Law "On Higher and Post-Graduate Professional Education" (1996).
In addition to the two basic laws, there are also:
1. Profile "segmental" laws relating to a certain sphere of education.
2. Non-core, containing the legal norms and regulations. To them
1) decrees of the President of the Russian Federation;
2) Government resolutions affecting a particular problem in the field of educational activities;
3) other normative acts adopted in the subjects of the Russian Federation, which have partial independence. The adopted norms should not contradict the basic federal laws.
Educational law guarantees that the population receives quality knowledge,corresponding to international standards. In addition, the training process must meet a number of requirements. In connection with this, the following principles of educational law in Russia are officially singled out:
1. The humanistic nature of education, the protection of life and health, the recognition of the human right to freedom of self-realization, development of the individual, creative abilities.
2. Education in learning hard work, courage, respect for others, love for nature, for the family, for the Motherland.
3. Compliance with a single cultural and educational standard, but at the same time preserving national characteristics and encouraging regional traditions.
4. Accessibility and quality of education, as well as its adaptability.
5. Secular nature.
6. Freedom and pluralism.
7. Democratic governance of the activities of educational institutions, their autonomy.