Do I need to be vaccinated?
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The word "vaccination" is familiar to absolutely everyone. But if before the need for vaccination did not cause any doubts, now many are afraid to vaccinate themselves and their children. Before discussing whether to vaccinate, a definition of vaccination and immunization should be given.
What is vaccination?
Immunization is by far the most effective method to combat the spread of infectious and viral diseases. The main method of immunization of the population is vaccination.
Vaccination - the introduction of a vaccine into the body in order to develop artificial immunity to resist a particular disease. What is a vaccine? It is a drug derived from pathogens or their metabolic products (toxins). Vaccination is used to prevent bacterial and viral diseases.
After the introduction of the vaccine in the body, a chain of immunological reactions is activated and the formation of antibodies in the blood occurs.Re-entering the body of the virus will lead to the development of a higher dose of antibodies to combat the disease and its complications.
Do I need to vaccinate children
Despite the fact that from the point of view of medicine, vaccination of children is the generally accepted norm, many parents doubt whether to give the child vaccinations. On this account there are radically opposite opinions. Therefore, after weighing all the pros and cons, each parent must make an independent decision.
Arguments for vaccination
- Despite the absence of outbreaks of epidemics, the danger of catching a serious and even fatal disease is quite high. Viruses can trap a child at every step: in transport, in the stairwell, on the playground, etc. It is not known where and when the disease carrier will be next.
- Organized vaccination forms a group immunity and reduces the risk of an epidemic in preschool and educational institutions.
- The immunity of the infant is very weak and is not able to independently deal with dangerous viruses and bacteria. First of all, babies who are on artificial feeding get into the risk zone.
- Vaccination cannot guarantee 100% protection of the child against infectious diseases, but significantly reduces the risk of infection and the severity of the consequences.
- Children who do not have a vaccination card are refused to be admitted to nurseries, kindergartens and schools.
Arguments against vaccination
Opponents of childhood vaccinations also provide a number of arguments, defending their opinion:
- Doctors greatly exaggerate the danger of diseases that need to be vaccinated during infancy. For example, children tolerate measles and rubella in a milder form than adults;
- The first vaccine is given to a child within 24 hours after birth, and according to the vaccination calendar, during the first 18 months of life, the baby should be vaccinated 9 times. Since any vaccine suppresses immunity, a 1.5 year old infant is at risk of contracting a disease from which he is not vaccinated;
- The quality of vaccines does not meet the stated, so some children get sick even after vaccination, sometimes the disease is severe;
- Often, before the vaccine is introduced, the health of the child is not examined properly, so the post-vaccination complications are much harder than the disease itself;
- Some vaccines, such as pertussis, tetanus, diphtheria, contain formaldehyde, and the larger number of vaccines are mercury salts. Both substances are extremely dangerous for humans, and even more so for the fragile children's organism.
The subject of vaccination is also relevant for adults. Doctors believe that the effect of vaccinations made in childhood weakens over time. Therefore, the schedule of reimmunization has also been developed for adults. The diseases that should be vaccinated during life include pertussis, tetanus, papillomavirus, chickenpox, shingles, measles, rubella, hepatitis, meningitis, etc.
A separate line needs to be allocated flu vaccine. It is not on the list of routine vaccinations, but is recommended annually before a seasonal outbreak of the disease. Is there a flu shot? Doctors recommend flu shots to children, the elderly, as well as individuals who, by the nature of their activities, have to communicate with a large number of people. The influenza virus is insidious because it constantly changes its genetic material, forming new strains. It is not the virus itself that is deadly but the complications that develop after an illness.The composition of the vaccine against influenza is also updated annually, which allows to increase the effect of timely made vaccination up to 90%.
Vaccination in numbers
Statistical data of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention on the number of cases of viral diseases, including fatal cases, before the appearance of the corresponding vaccines:
- Every year in America, 13–20 thousand cases of polio were recorded;
- 2.7 million people died annually;
- 600 children died each year from meningitis, and hundreds of thousands suffered from the effects of the disease;
- 260 thousand whooping cough diseases were observed annually only in America, 9 thousand of which were fatal;
- 10 thousand children a year were born with congenital rubella syndrome;
- 212,000 children a year in the United States developed mumps, 20% of whom became deaf;
- 300 thousand newborns in the world died from tetanus.
When considering whether to vaccinate, keep in mind that by refusing vaccination, you put at risk not only your children or yourself, but other people around you. In order for vaccination to bring only benefit, you should prepare in advance for the procedure: inquire about the quality of the proposed vaccine or purchase it yourself, undergo a preliminary medical examination,observe the terms and recommendations of doctors.