Cold urticaria: symptoms and treatment with medicines and folk remedies
In winter and windy weather, many people on the face and body may experience characteristic red spots, accompanied by itching. This is exactly what cold urticaria looks like, causing an instant physical reaction of the body to changes in the external environment. In this case, temperature changes, as well as mechanical effects (for example, being in one position for a long time without driving while driving a car) act as irritants. Is it easy to identify this disease? How to treat it with drug and folk methods?
Cold allergy as it is
Cold urticaria or allergy is a reaction of the body to dampness, cold, frost, cold water. This disease is most often affected by people with high sensitivity of the skin, as well as a tendency to allergic reactions.The name of this unpleasant phenomenon was due to itchy red spots, identical to those that occur upon contact of unprotected skin with nettle. Interestingly, such marks on the skin occur not only on the legs, hands, face and torso, but even on the lips (when drinking excessively cold drinks).
Cold urticaria in most cases is characterized by the appearance of whitish or pink-red rashes. They feel thick and slightly swollen. They can appear and disappear in just a couple of hours, without leaving a trace.
How can hives become more complicated and why?
Urticaria can be complicated by other diseases, such as lupus erythematosus, diseases of the thyroid gland and gall bladder. Accordingly, this kind of illness can pass with other symptoms and certain complications. In such a situation, the disease can appear immediately after contact with irritants and lasts 2-3 days. Most often cold urticaria is considered an acquired disease. But there are also congenital species of this disease. In this case, in addition to itching, it is accompanied by a kind of burning sensation.Sometimes peeling and swelling occurs.
Is the urticaria harmless and why should one be ill?
However, despite the seemingly simple form of the disease, urticaria is not so harmless. This means that the first symptoms should immediately consult a doctor. About what the cold urticaria symptoms have, we will tell further. In advanced cases, the disease leads to angioedema, accompanied by a significant increase in the size of the part of the face.
What types of urticaria are there?
Cold urticaria (photo attached) is of several types, each of which is accompanied by its own characteristics. For example, for the acute form of the disease, rash of small spots on the face, hands and less often on other parts of the body is characteristic. Severe itching of the affected skin begins, and swelling and blistering occur with intense scratching. In advanced cases it is expressed in the form of chills, the appearance of general muscular weakness, pain in the joints, heart palpitations, etc. The duration of exacerbation of this form is 2-3 weeks or more.
A recurrent form of the disease is associated with seasonality.For example, exacerbations in patients begin to occur in the autumn-winter period, as well as in early spring. Redness and itching on the skin usually occur when in contact with icy water.
There is also reflex urticaria, characterized by the appearance of a rash around a skin area that has direct contact with cold (for example, a piece of ice). Other parts of the body are not affected. Also meet the following forms of the disease:
- family (rare, hereditary urticaria);
- cold erythema (erythema appears with pronounced pain);
- cold dermatitis (peeling occurs, as well as edema);
- cold rhinitis (accompanied by nasal congestion, but only in the cold);
- cold conjunctivitis (there are cramps in the eyes and tearing on the street);
- mechanical (occurs when long wearing bracelets, watches, rings).
What are the causes of urticaria?
Cold urticaria (treatment of this disease should be carried out in a timely manner) presumably results from the excessive production of cryoglobulin proteins in humans. They, in turn, activate the production of histamine, which causes the manifestation of allergic reactions.And, of course, additional oil in the fire adds cold, weak immunity, the presence of colds and viral diseases (including gynecological in women, throat diseases in men and children).
What are the symptoms of the disease in adults?
Most often there is a hives from the cold. However, sometimes her symptoms can be confused with elementary fatigue, SARS, acute respiratory infections and other diseases. For example, having come out in the cold, an adult person may feel a headache, flattening of the neck and facial muscles. You may experience squeezing in the neck and forehead pain, nausea and slight dizziness. Then you can feel itching on the upper side of the hands. Subsequently, the skin on them becomes dry, begins to itch, then coarsens, covered with cracks and specks of various sizes.
There is less peeling under the knee, the inner thighs (this manifestation is typical for women who abuse the wearing of thin kapron tights in the cold season of the year), and swelling of the legs, face and hands occurs.
Symptoms in children: what are they?
Cold urticaria in children is manifested by redness in the cheeks, nasolabial folds and chin.After the appearance of spots with a size of 0.5-1.5 cm, the children experience burning and itching, as a result of which he tries to rub and scratch the newly formed inflammations. In adults and in children, the disease may be accompanied by a runny nose, sore throat and conjunctivitis.
Urticaria from cold and a sharp temperature drop appears. It may be complicated by other allergic reactions in a child. For example, it could be:
- allergic rhinitis;
- food allergies;
- atopic dermatitis (especially difficult for infants);
Often, urticaria can occur as a complication after a child's acute respiratory viral infection and other infectious diseases.
Cold urticaria: medication treatment
Treatment of urticaria occurs on the same principle as is done with allergies. So, the patient is advised to avoid cold air and water, not to overcool. When going outside it is worth wearing things made of natural fabrics, cover the lower part of the face, arms and neck. As therapeutic drugs, patients should use predominantly antihistamines, which are Tavegil preparations,"Suprastin" and "Klaritin."
However, it is worth considering the fact that many of these drugs have an effect similar to sleeping pills. Therefore, they are not recommended to use while driving. These unpleasant side effects do not have drugs: "Cetrin", "Erius", "Zyrtec", as well as "Zodak." If these drugs do not help get rid of the effects of urticaria, glucocorticoid drugs like "Diprospana", "Celeston" and "Prednisolone" are usually prescribed. In the event of angioedema, the drug "Epinephrine", ointment is also prescribed.
If a severe rash develops on the skin, it is advisable to use the theofilin and papaverine tablets.
Is it possible to get rid of urticaria folk methods?
In addition to medication, provides cold urticaria treatment of folk remedies. For example, to get rid of this disease will help you ordinary dill from the garden, or rather, its juice. To make the medicine, you must first wash the dill; twist it through a meat grinder; separate the pulp from the juice; moisten a piece of cloth and wipe the redness every 30 minutes.The main advantage of this recipe is the ability to relieve itching from the skin.
In a similar way, compresses can be made from meadow clover. Apply the fabric dipped in juice or broth on the inflamed places and hold for half an hour. Then wet again. To improve the effect, it is recommended to make a decoction of nettle (grass is poured with boiling water, left for 30 minutes, filtered) and drink it 2-3 cups a day. It is also possible to relieve itching by taking 15-20 minute baths from pre-cooked wild rosemary (1 l of broth is enough).
Attention! Using traditional methods and herbs for the treatment of urticaria, pay attention to your reaction and contraindications. Ideally, you should first consult with your doctor.
In conclusion, we say that the urticaria is not a sentence. It can and should be treated. The main thing is to do everything on time!